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William Marshall Richardson was born in Brunswick County, North Carolina, February 15, 1831. He was a son of Purdie Richardson, born in Bladen County, and Catherine Marshall, born in Anson County, the grandson of the Rev. Samuel Neil Richardson and Mary Ann Smith of ”Harmony Hall” on the Cape Fear River near White Oak, Bladen County, and the great grandson of Col. James Richardson and Elizabeth Neil Bugnion, Purdy, who built “Harmony Hall” near White Oak, Bladen County. William Marshall Richardson’s maternal grandparents were William Marshall and Sally Lanier, and his great grandparents were James Marshall and Ann Harrison and Burwell Lanier and Elizabeth Hill all of Anson County North Carolina.


When William was nine years of age his parents moved from Brunswick County to the vicinity of Wadesboro in Anson County, where he grew up.  He attended the University of North Carolina, graduating with an a. B. Degree in 1851. In John Hill Wheeler’s “Historical Sketches of North Carolina” (p.129) William is shown to have been a commencement speaker, June 1851. The University of North Carolina presented him with a Bible, and the entries made in the Bible are included with this paper.


He then attended Medical School in Charleston, South Carolina in 1852, and 1854 he graduated in medicine from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. William put his younger brother, Clement Lanier Richardson through school.  He also graduated from the University of North Carolina and became a Medical Doctor.


William was married three times. He married Martha Elizabeth McRae of Richmond County, North Carolina on May 8, 1855, in Richmond County. They had a son and daughter, both of whom did not survive past childhood. From family Bible records we see that his  son, Charles Marshall Richardson “Charlie” died in Holmes County, Mississippi in 1859, the same year as his mother,  at the age of three.  Their daughter, Catherine Adelle “Katie who was born in 1858 died a year after her brother in 1860 in North Carolina. Martha passed away October 12, 1859 in Cheraw, South Carolina on her way back home from a trip from tuberculosis and is buried in North Carolina. She was only twenty three years old.  He removed first to Mississippi, specifically Holmes County where he set up his practice.  There he married his second wife, Olivia Caroline Johnson on June 14, 1860.  Before 1863  we find Dr. Richardson and his family in Alabama where he had three daughters, two of whom lived to adulthood. He was living in  Marengo County Alabama, near one of his first wife’s sisters.  It was at Linden, Marengo County that the Doctor enlisted for the cause on March 18, 1862. He served in the CSA, as first Lieut. in the 43rd Regiment, Alabama Volunteers, but evidently had to resign his commission because of contracting a disease which prevented his performing effectively. Olivia passed away April 18, 1869 either in Alabama or Louisiana.  She was only twenty nine years old.. In the 1870 census we find  William and his three daughters living with his younger brother Dr. Clement Richardson and his wife and child in Jeanerette, Iberia Parish, Louisiana where he had relocated after the war. While practicing in Jeanerette,  William met Anna Louis Gibson, the daughter of Dr. John Wright Gibson originally from Scotland, and Martha Louise Richardson (no proven family connection).She was the grand-daughter of John Gaulden Richardson and Margaret Nettles Du Bose of  Bayside Plantation in Iberia Parish.  He married  in St Louis, Missouri October 19, 1870 and had two daughters and one son.  Dr. Gibson, as a young man, had practiced medicine in Woodville, Mississippi when the Richardson family was there before their move to Louisiana.


William practiced in Jeanerette Louisiana for 19 years.  In the 1880 census we see William in Jeanerette with his family and his mother-in-law Martha Gibson.  In 1886 William and Anna Louise with Louise, Ella, and Purdy, moved to Marion County, Florida near McIntosh and Boardman where he became a citrus grower and a semiretired physician. Here bought a home and citrus “Plantation”, “Hillcrest”.  Devastating Florida freezes forced him to give up his farming, and he and Anna moved to Ocala in Marion County, and then still later to West Palm Beach Florida where they had bought a small home to be near their eldest daughter Louise Price.


He joined the Methodist Church early in life, and was very active in that church in the various places in which he lived. In Jenrette Louisiana he conducted the Sunday school for the many years he lived there, and was one of the founders of the Centerpoint Methodist Church near “Hillcrest”. This church is now the McIntosh Methodist Church.


He was totally blind for the last seven years of his life. His last days after the death of his wife, Anna, were spent in the home of his daughter Ella Bouvier in Union County, Florida.  H died at the age of 98 on April 20, 1929 at Ella’s home. It had pleased him that he had become the senior alumnus of the University of North Carolina.


He was buried by his wife Anna, who had predeceased him by five years, in the Woodlawn Cemetery, West Palm Beach, Florida.


 Photo IDed as 1st LT. William Marshall Richardson                                              1861
    Photo is courtesy of the late James H. Hardiman                    collection of West Palm Beach, Florida
Dr. William Marshall Richardson
William and his 1st wife, Martha McRae
MARY SMITH   (1617-1683)
LYDIA GILBERT   (1654-1738)
ANN EDWARDS   (1678-1764)
ANNA TREAT   (1699-1777)
ELIZABETH O'NEAL   (1727-1808)
MARY ANN SMITH   (1780-1822)
                                                   1ST MARRIAGE
+MARTHA ELIZABETH McRAE    (1836-1859)
                                                   2ND MARRIAGE
      MARY ELIZA RICHARDSON     (1864-1899)
     +HUGH LAWRENCE BRACEY    (1848-1914)
          MARGARET OLIVIA "MADGE" BRACEY    (1887-1932)
          +CLEMENT LANIER RICHARDSON JR.    (1881-1965)
                HUGH BRACEY  RICHARDSON SR. (1907-1986) 
                +LUDUSKA "LUCY" GRIFFIN    (1916-2001)
                     HUGH BRACEY RICHARDSON JR.    (      -      )
                     +AMY LEE LINDSEY    (      -      )
                     MARTHA RICHARDSON    (      -      )
                     +DANIEL M CLAPP    (      -      )  
                     LUCY MARGARET RICHARDSON    (      -      )
                     +THOMAS HENRY DENNINN    (      -      )                   
          WILLIAM AUGUSTUS BRACEY    (1891-1930)
          HUGH LAWRENCE BRACEY    (1893-1972)
          +WILMA SEARCY    (1905-1983) 
          EDWIN LANIER BRACEY    (1895-1963)
          +MARY J. HARAYDER    (1900-      )
                HUGH LAWRENCE BRACEY JR.     (1924- 2006)
                +MIRIAM ZOE SCORSONE    (1930-2000)
                     HUGH LAWRENCE BRACEY    (1952-      )
                     VICTOR LANIER BRACEY    (1953-      )
                MARGARET MARY BRACEY    (1927-2006)
                +_____PRATT    (      -      )
                WILLIAM E. BRACEY    (1929-      )     
      ROSA RICHARDSON     (1866-1898)
           CHARLES RICHARDSON SETTOON JR.    (1884-      )
          +LUCILLE H._____    (      -      )    
          +LEONA MAUD AUSTIN    (1884-      )
           WILLIAM RICHARDSON SETTOON    (1886-1963)
          +ORA MYRTLE MILLS    (1889-1978 )
                BALDWIN EARL SETTOON    (1910-1998)
           +JULIA PEARYLE RINGER    (1889-      )
           ETHEL RICHARDSON SETTOON    (1891-      )
           ROSA RICHARDSON SETTOON    (1893-1987)
           +MERLE CORNELIUS DEARBORN    (1893-1971)
           LUCILLE RICHARDSON SETTOON    (1896-1897)    DIED YOUNG
                                         3RD MARRIAGE
+ANNA LOUISE GIBSON     (1845-1924)
      LOUISE GIBSON RICHARDSON     (1874-1971)
     +CARLTON HICKSON PRICE     (1869-1940)
          DOROTHY RICHARDSON PRICE     (1896-1963)
          +EZEKIAL LINDSEY PHERIGO     (1891-1966)
               DOROTHY FRANCES PHERIGO     (1915-1988)
               +_____OTIS     (      -      )
               +_____BATES     (      -      )
               +THOMAS DEWY NAVES     (1914-1984)
                    JANE NAVES     (1939-      )
               HELEN CARLETON PHERIGO     (1919-2006)
               +_____MALONE     (      -      )
               +_____STRONG     (      -      )
               +JESSE OREN HINSON JR     (1916-2006)
               LINDSEY PRICE PHERIGO     (1920-2007)
               +VIOLA MAY SHMIDT     (      -      )
               RICHARD BANKS PHERIGO     (1925-      )
               +DOROTHY ELIZABETH BRADDOCK     (1933-2012)
          HENRY CARLTON PRICE     (1899-1901)   DIED YOUNG
          CARLETON GIBSON PRICE     (1901-1981)
          LUCY MARSHALL PRICE     (1903-1992)
          +EDWIN PARKER HERMAN    (1904-1972)
          ELIZABETH DUBOSE PRICE     (1907-2004)
          +KENNETH WICKLIFFE BREEZE     (1904-1986)
          WILLIAM BEDFORD PRICE     (1908-1993)
          +JEAN S SALFISBERG     (1908-1992)
      ELLA MARSHALL RICHARDSON     (1877_1977)
     +JOHN ANDRE BOUVIER SR     (1871-1953)
          MARSHALL ANDRE BOUVIER SR     (1896-1978)
          +HELEN MARION ALBERT     (1900-1931)
               JEANNE ELEANOR BOUVIER   (1921-2007)
               +JAMES HENRY RUSK     (1919-1979)
                     Son RUSK    (      -      )
                     Son RUSK    (      -      )
                     ROBERTA RUSK    (      -      )
                     +_____CLARK    (      -      )      
               MARSHALL ANDRE BOUVIER JR     (1923-2012)
               +ZEPHA MAE SOUTHERN      (     -      )
               +DOROTHEA ANNE "DOTTIE" SILVA     (1934-1989)
                    MARSHALL ANDRE BOUVIER III     (1960-      )
                    +SHERI A HAWKINS     (      -      )
                    +ELIZABETH ANN HARBACH     (1968-2008)
                    JOHN ARTHUR BOUVIER     (1961-1981)   DIED YOUNG at 19
                    JENNIFER LYNN BOUVIER      (       -      )
                    +_____SPENCE    (      -      )
                    WENDY KARIN BOUVIER     (      -      )
                    +MARK JOSEPH CLARK     (      -      )
                    SUZANNE BOUVIER      (      -      )
                    +_____HELMIG       (      -      )
                    MARK BOUVIER    (      -      )
                    RALPH BALDWIN BOUVIER      (      -      )
               GERALD WALTER BOUVIER     (1925-1990)
               +JEANNE SALA WOODWARD     (      -      )
                    GERALD WALTER BOUVIER JR      (1959-      )
                    +REGINA MARIA SQUIRE     (      -      )
                    +PATRYCIA KLAUDIA KORASADOWICZ     (1970-      )
               MARY JOYCE BOUVIER     (1928-2007)
               +GEORGE W DUBOSE     (      -      )
          +ELIZABETH W MONELL     (1907-1996)
          ELOISE C BOUVIER     (1899-2001)
          +CECIL ALEXANDER MCCRAE     (1891-1970)
               EDNA ELIZABETH "BETTY" MCCRAE     (1924-2014)
               +DAVID OLIVER HAMRICK      (1924-2010)
                    RICHARD DAVID HAMRICK     (1950-2001)
                    +MARY EDNA KEEN    (      -      )
                          RICHARD A. HAMRICK    (      -      )
                          DAVID J. HAMRICK    (      -      )
                    CYNTHIA DIANNE HAMRICK    (1953-2003) 
                    +DANIEL LAWRENCE LANFORD    (1952-2007)
                          ALLISON McRAE LANFORD    (      -      )
                         +ROBERTO ENRIQUE PAGE    (      -      ) 
                    MICHAEL McRAE HAMRICK    (      -      )
                     ANITA MARIE AKSELL    (      -      )
               CECILE A MCRAE     (1930-      )
               +JOHN AUSTIN DILBECK    (1902-1989)
               +_____HOOKS     (      -      ) 
               ANGUS ANDRE MCRAE     (1931-2003)
               +JEAN______     (      -      )
                     ELIZABETH ELOISE MCRAE     (      -      )
                     +ROBERT DAVID WHITLEY     (      -      )
                     ANGUS ANDRE MCRAE JR     (      -      )
               RICHARDSON W MCRAE     (1936-      )
               +EVELYN ANNE BRADSHAW     (      -      )
               PATRICIA ELOISE MCCRAE     (1938-      )
               +CHARLES KENT POWERS  SR.   (1936-2016)
                    CHARLES KENT POWERS JR.    (      -      )
                    KEITH POWERS    (      -      )  
              ELEANOR BEATRICE MCCRAE     (1939-2014)
             +RICHARD JOSEPH McHENRY    (      -      )  
             +RONALD JOSEPH HUMMERT     (1941-      )
          JOHN ANDRE BOUVIER JR     (1903-1989)
          +BARBARA CARNEY     (      -      )
          +HELEN ALLEN SCHAEFER     (1910-1983)
               JOHN ANDRE BOUVIER III     (1942-     )
               +KARIN LYNN SHONAUER      (      -      )
               +JUDITH_____       (      -      )            
               THOMAS R BOUVIER     (1946-      )
               ELIZABETH BOUVIER.     (      -      )
               +_____SPENCER           (      -      )
          JAMES BOUVIER     (1905-1907)     DIED YOUNG
      JAMES PURDIE RICHARDSON     (1880-1972)
     +EDENA E HICKLIN     (1888-1925)
          ANNA CHRISTINE RICHARDSON     (1913-1999)
          +JOHN WYLIE HICKLIN     (1914-1989)
               RICHARD WILLIAM HICKLIN        (1938-1938)  DIED YOUNG
               EDENA MARIE HICKLIN    (1941-      )
               +____SANDERS    (      -      )
               JOHN WYLIE HICKLIN JR    (1942-      )
               +ELIZABETH JEAN FINCHER    (      -      )
               JAMES FRANK HICKLIN SR.    (1946-      )
               +ANNIE LOIS ____    (1953-      )
                    JAMES FRANK HICKLIN JR.    (1980-      ) 
               CHRISTOPHER MARION HICKLIN    )1947-      )
               +KATHERINE B._____     (1948-      )
                    ANNA ELIZABETH HICKLIN    (      -      )
                    +ROBERT MOORE BENSON III    (      -      )
                    CATHERINE HICKLIN    (      -                
               ROSEANN EZZELLE HICKLIN    (1949-      )
     +SARAH IONE ELLIS    (1885-      )
     +ETHEL BOWEN     (1893-1969)

The Forebears

Elizabeth O'Neal Purdie - Col. James Richardson
Great Grand          Parents
Col. James Richardson

He came to NC prior to 1776 from Stonington, CT. He commanded a Regiment with Gen. Wolf at Quebec in theAnglo-French war for Canada, and fought in the American Revolution. He was shipwrecked off Cape Hatteras while on the way to the West Indies with a cargo of flour. During this time Col. James and two of his cousins, Samuel Richardson and Nathaniel Richardson first visited Bladen Co, NC where they settled and married. Col James owned between 12 and 15,000 ac in Bladen Co, NC on the east side of the Cape Fear River. He married Elizabeth O'Neal Purdie in 1768/9.  

She was Irish from and from Jamaica where her family owned large estates and 900 slaves. She was first married to a Mr. Root who died young and then she married Hugh Purdie (1731-ca 1767) and they had several children. She was the mother of Lt. James Samuel Purdie. After Hugh died she married Col. James Richardson (1734-1810) whom is also buried here. It was here, according to local legend, that the seeds of General Cornwallis' defeat at Yorktown were sown. As the story goes, late in the Revolution, General Cornwallis made Harmony Hall his headquarters on his way to Wilmington. One evening, while ascending the stairs, Mrs. Richardson overheard the general and his aide planning their campaign against General Nathaniel Greene whose army was in South Carolina. She wrote a note to her husband, then with Greene, outlining the British plans and sent it by the plantation overseer and his trusty horse. With Mrs. Richardson's information, the American forces were able to anticipate the British movements, thus hastening the British retreat across the Carolinas to their ultimate surrender at Yorktown.

Elizabeth O'Neal Purdie Richardson
Samuel Neal Richardson - Mary Ann Smith
Grand Parents
Purdie Richardson - Catherine Marshall
Brunswick County Marriages Listed in the Raleigh Register

Major Purdie Richardson of Brunswick County to Catharine Marshall, March 19, Anson County. Listed in Raleigh Register April 10, 1829.
A Brief Richardson Family History
By Dr. William Marshall Richardson
CHILDREN OF W. M. Richardson
By his first wife Martha Elizabeth McRae (1836-1859):
Son:  Charles Marshall Richardson (1856-1859)
Daughter: Catherine Adelle "Katie" Richardson (1856-1859)
By his second wife Olivia Caroline Johnson (1840-1869):
Daughter: Frances Herbert Richardson (1861-1866)
Daughter: Mary Elizabeth Richardson  (1863-1899)
Daughter: Rosa Richardson  (1865-1898)
By his third wife Anna Louise Gibson (1845-1924):
Daughter:  Louise Gibson Richardson (1874-1971)
Daughter: Ella Marshall Richardson  (1877-1977)
Son:  James Purdie Richardson  (1880-1972)
 1870 United States Federal Census

Name:    Rosa Richardson
Age in 1870:    5
Birth Year:    abt 1865
Birthplace:    Alabama
Home in 1870:    Ward 1, Iberia, Louisiana
Race:    White
Gender:    Female
Post Office:    New Iberia
Value of Real Estate:    View image
Household Members:    
Name    Age
C L Richardson    28
Emma Richardson    20
William Richardson    2
W M Richardson    38
Mary Richardson    7
Rosa Richardson    5
Julia Richardson    7


1880 United States Federal Census

Name    William Richardson
Age    44
Birth Year    abt 1836
Birthplace    North Carolina
Home in 1880    Jeanerette, Iberia, Louisiana
Race    White
Gender    Male
Relation to Head of House    Self
Marital Status    Married
Spouse's Name    Anna Richardson
Father's Birthplace    North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace    North Carolina
Occupation    Pract. Physician
Household Members    
Name    Age
William Richardson    44
Anna Richardson    34
Mary L. Richardson    16
Rosa Richardson    14
Louisa Richardson    5
Ella Richardson    3
Martha Gibson    69

1900 United States Federal Census

Name    Wm M Richardson
Age    69
Birth Date    Feb 1831
Birthplace    North Carolina
Home in 1900    Mcintosh, Marion, Florida
Race    White
Gender    Male
Relation to Head of House    Head
Marital Status    Married
Spouse's Name    Anna G Richardson
Marriage Year    1870
Years Married    30
Father's Birthplace    North Carolina
Mother's Birthplace    North Carolina
Household Members    
Name    Age
Wm M Richardson    69
Anna G Richardson    55
James P Richardson    29

Marriage Record of William M Richardson and Anna Louise Gibson - 1870
Marriage Record of William M Richardson and Martha E. McRae - 1855
3rd Wife of William Marshall Richardson

Birth: Sep. 23, 1845  St. Louis,  Missouri, USA

Death: Sep. 1, 1924 Palm Beach County Florida, USA


NOTE:  This is where an apparently unrelated Richardson Family comes into the scene.  Where William Marshall Richardson's family originated in New England, this Richardson family came from Virginia into South Carolina 
The Ancestors of Anna Louise Gibson
1.  Dr. John Wright Gibson
2.  Martha Louise Richardson
3.  Col. John Gaulden Richardson  
4.  Margaret DuBose
5.  William Gibson
6.  Mary Wright
Great Grandparents:
7.  Francis Rivers Richardson
8.  Martha Patsy Gaulden
9.  Daniel DuBose
10. Mary Nettles
Great, Great Grandparents:
11. Richard Arthur Richardson
12. Hannah Ball Mitchell
13. Capt. John Gaulden
14. Susannah Brumfield
15. John DuBose
16. Mary Whilden
17. Zachariah Nettles
18. Lucy Mae Bass
Great, Great, Great Grandparents:
19. John Richardson
20. Aramenthia Smith
21. Peter Mitchell
22. Mary Jones
23. John Mathew Gaulding
24. Elizabeth Greers
25. John Watson Brumfield Sr.
26. Elizabeth Patton
27. Isaac Du Bose
28. Suzanne Couillandeau
29. Jonathan "John" Whilden
30. Elizabeth Du Bose
31. George Nettles
32. Catherine Elizabeth Cusack
33. Thomas Bass
34. Sophie Cordwainer
The Following Generations are Included on the Above Tabs
Great, Great, Great, Great Grandparents:
35. John Richardson
36. Mary Du Bose
37.  Thomas Smith
38. Sabina Smith
39. Robert Mitchell
40. Margaret Mary Lockett
41. John Jones
42. Mary _____
43. John Golding
44. Mary Ann Stuart
45. Robert Brumfield
46. Susannah Watson
47. Louis Du Bose
48. Ann Sanborne
49. John Whelden
50. Mary Folland
51. Isaac Du Bose
52. Suzanne Couillandeau
53. Richard Basse
54. Mary Burwell
Great, Great, Great, Great, Great, Grandparents:
55. Isaac Du Bose
56. Maria Hasbrouck
57. William Smith
58. Elizabeth Schenckingh
59. Thomas Smith Jr.
60. Anna Cornelia Van Myddagh
61. Henry Mitchell
62. Priscilla Sally Jarrett
63. Thomas Lockett II
64. Margaret Osborne
65. William Jones\
66. Elizabeth Shelton
67. James Brumfield Sr.
68. Patience Sutton
69. John Watson
70. Alice Rowan
71. Louis Du Bose
72. Ann Sanborne
Great, Great, Great, Great, Great, Great Grandparents:
73. Thomas Langrave Smith 1st
74. Barbara Atkins
75. Miles L. Jones
76. Catherine
77. James Shelton
78. Marion Wooster
31 - 32 Nettles - Cusack
33 - 34 Bass - Cordwainer
1.                Dr. John Wright Gibson

BIRTH 28 MAY 1800 • Pentland, Caithness, Scotland

DEATH 21 JULY 1869 • Saint Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, USA

2.               Martha Louise Richardson
BIRTH: 22 AUG 1810 • Wilkenson County, Mississippi, USA
DEATH:  22 JAN 1905 • Saint Louis, St. Louis City, Missouri, USA

Dr John Wright Gibson

Birth: May 28, 1800, Scotland

Death: Jul. 21, 1869, Saint Louis, St. Louis County
Missouri, USA

Family links: 
  Martha Louise Richardson Gibson (1810 - 1905)
  Emma Gordon Gibson (____ - 1898)*
  Mary Frances Gibson Sessions (1831 - 1913)*
  James Edward Gibson (1835 - 1906)*
  Margaret Olivier Gibson (1838 - 1927)*
  John DuBose Gibson (1842 - 1925)*
  Anna Louise Gibson Richardson (1845 - 1924)*
*Calculated relationship


Bellefontaine Cemetery 
Saint Louis
St. Louis City
Missouri, USA
Plot: Lot 718, Block 72-81

Click To See The Will

Martha Louise Richardson Gibson

Birth: Aug. 22, 1810, Mississippi, USA

Death: Jan. 22, 1905, Saint Louis, St. Louis City
Missouri, USA

 Family links: 
  John Gaulden Richardson (1785 - 1856)
  Margaret DuBose Richardson (1786 - 1827)
  John Wright Gibson (1800 - 1869)*
  Emma Gordon Gibson (____ - 1898)*
  Mary Frances Gibson Sessions (1831 - 1913)*
  James Edward Gibson (1835 - 1906)*
  Margaret Olivier Gibson (1838 - 1927)*
  John DuBose Gibson (1842 - 1925)*
  Anna Louise Gibson Richardson (1845 - 1924)*
  Martha Louise Richardson Gibson (1810 - 1905)
  Mary Elizabeth Richardson Bowman (1812 - 1890)*
  Francis DuBose Richardson (1812 - 1901)*
  John Wesley Richardson (1814 - 1891)*
*Calculated relationship


Bellefontaine Cemetery 
Saint Louis
St. Louis City
Missouri, USA
Plot: Lot 718, Block 72-81

 Mississippi, Compiled Marriages, 1826-1850

Groom Name:  John W. Gibson

Bride Name:  Martha L. Richardson

Marriage Date:  20 May 1828

County:  Wilkinson

State:  Mississippi

For More Information

John Wright Gibson (son of William D Gibson and Mary Wright) was born 28 May 1800 in Pentland, Caithness, Scotland, and died 21 Jul 1869 in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri.  He married Martha Louise Richardson on 20 May 1828 in Woodville, MS, daughter of John Gaulden Richardson and Margaret DuBose.
 When he was fifteen years old, he sailed from Scotland and landed in New York. He studied medicine at Louisville Medical College in Louisville, KY. Because his funds ran low, he accepted a position in Mississippi teaching by day and studying at night. He established quite a practice in Wilkinson County, Mississippi, but in 1835 he settled in St. Louis County, Mo.  He followed the teaching of the Presbyterian Church. He was a democrat, a Southern Sympathizer and a slaveowner.

John W Gibson
  1850 United States Federal Census

Name:    John W Gibson
Age:    50
Birth Year:    abt 1800
Birthplace:    Scotland
Home in 1850:    District 82, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Race:    White
Gender:    Male
Family Number:    1333
Household Members:    
Name    Age
John W Gibson    50
Martha L Gibson    40
Mary F Gibson    18
William W Gibson    16
James E Gibson    14
Margaret A Gibson    11
John B Gibson    8
Anna L Gibson    5
Emma G Gibson    3
Nicholas Gibson    18
Home of Dr. James Edward Gibson
Brother of Martha Louise Gibson
Source:  "Descendants of the Jersey settlers "      Kingston, Adams County, Mississippi

1860 United States Federal Census

Name:  Martha Gibson

Age:  49

Birth Year:  abt 1811

Gender:  Female

Birth Place:  Mississippi

Home in 1860:  St Ferdinand, St Louis, Missouri

Post Office:  Florissant

Family Number:  107

Value of real estate:View image

Household Members:

Name    Age

Dort J W Gibson    60

Martha Gibson    49

William W Gibson    27

James E Gibson    35

Oliver Gibson    21

John D Gibson    18

Anna Gibson    14

Emma Gibson    12

Robt Douglass    22

Conrad Rerwith    25

Phillip Rerwith    25

1870 United States Federal Census

Name:  Martha Gibson

Age in 1870:  60

Birth Year:  abt 1810

Birthplace:  Mississippi

Home in 1870:  Saint Ferdinand, Saint Louis, Missouri

Gender:  Female

Post Office:  Baden

Value of real estate:View image

Household Members:

Name    Age

Martha Gibson    60

Margaret Gibson    28

Anna Gibson    24

Emma Gibson    20

1880 United States Federal Census

Name:  Martha Gibson

Age:  69

Birth Year:  abt 1811

Birthplace:  Mississippi

Home in 1880:1  st Ward, Iberia, Louisiana

Race:  White

Gender:  Female

Relation to Head of House:  Mother-in-law

Marital Status:  Widowed

Father's Birthplace:  South Carolina

Mother's Birthplace:  South Carolina

Neighbors:View others on page

Occupation:Keeping House

Cannot read/write:
Deaf and dumb:
Otherwise disabled:
Idiotic or insane:

View image

Household Members:

Name    Age

William Richardson    44

Anna Richardson    34

Mary L. Richardson    16

Rosa Richardson    14

Louisa Richardson    5

Ella Richardson    3

Martha Gibson    69

1900 United States Federal Census

Name:  Martha Gibson

Age:  89

Birth Date:  Aug 1810

Birthplace:  Mississippi

Home in 1900:  St Louis Ward 22, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri

Ward of City:  22

Street:  Locust Street

House Number:  3026

Sheet Number:  10A

Number of Dwelling in Order of Visitation:1  25

Family Number:  158

Race:  White

Gender:  Female

Relation to Head of House:  Head

Marital Status:  Widowed

Father's Birthplace:  South Carolina

Mother's Birthplace:  Canada

Mother: number of living children:  6

Mother: How many children:  9

Can Read:  Yes

Can Write:  Yes

Can Speak English:  Yes

House Owned or Rented:  R

Farm or House:  H

Neighbors:View others on page

Household Members:

Name    Age

Martha Gibson    89

Martha D Gibson    60

Frank Finley    21

William Reed    20

Newton Reed    22

Fred Mickfelt    23

Ben Brinout    24

Benny Anthony    19

3.              Col. John Gaulden Richardson
BIRTH:  28 FEBRUARY 1785 • Sumter, Sumter, South Carolina
DEATH:  19 JANUARY 1856 • Bayside Plantation, St Marys Parish, Louisiana
4.              Margaret Nettles DuBose
BIRTH 2 AUG 1788 • Camden, Sumter, South Carolina
DEATH 10 JUN 1827 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
5.             William Gibson
BIRTH:   5 FEB 1762 • Lasswade Parish,Pentland,Caithness,Scotland
DEATH:   1846 • Scotland
6.               Mary Wright
BIRTH:  Unknown
DEATH:   12 JUL 1846 • Bellefontaine Neighbors, St Louis, Missouri

3.              Col. John Gaulden Richardson
BIRTH:  28 FEBRUARY 1785 • Sumter, Sumter, South Carolina
DEATH:  19 JANUARY 1856 • Bayside Plantation, St Marys Parish, Louisiana
        Bayside Plantation
           His Son's Home
Bayside Cemetery 
Iberia Parish
Francis Dubose Richardson, Brother of Martha Louise Richardson Gibson

Planter. Born, Woodville, Miss., 1812; son of Col. John G. Richardson of Sumpter District, S. C., and Margaret DuBose (d. 1826) of the same place. Education: at home; University of Virginia. Removed with father to a plantation on Bayou Teche in 1829. Married (1) Bethia F. Liddell (d. 1853) of Wilkinson County, Miss., daughter of Judge Moses Liddell. Children: Frank Liddell, Margaret, and Bethia, who married Donelson Caffery. Married (2) Lizzie Dunbar Holmes. Children: Eveline, Daniel D., Kate, Eloise, Helen, Annie, and Mary Louisa. Served in the state legislature during the 1840s; introduced legislation to provide for the erection and maintenance of the Chalmette monument. A founder of the Asylum for the Blind, Baton Rouge. Before Civil War was a frequent contributor to the New Orleans Daily Picayune. Author of "The Teche Country Fifty Years Ago," which appeared in Southern Bivouac (January, 1886). Acquired Bayside Plantation in cooperation with his father-in-law, Judge Liddell. Built Bayside Plantation house, 1850. Acquired sole ownership of Bayside before the Civil War. Plantation passed to his son, Frank L., and daughter, Bethia, in 1867. Removed to Missouri, 1874, but spent six months each year visiting family in Louisiana. Died, Franklin, La., June 15, 1901; interred family cemetery, Bayside Plantation, Jeanerette, La. G.R.C.

--Dictionary of Louisiana Biography [Online, accessed 4 July 2013]


John Gauden Richardson was born February 28, 1785, at the old homestead, in Sumpter District, South Carolina. So short a time after that great Revolution was not a good time to be born, for all the social relations of life had been badly disrupted. Schools, churches, with all requisites of refinement and amenities, were sadly neglected; all his early memories were associated with this period, when every nerve was strained to repair the broken fortunes of the planters by the severest thrift and patient industry. In a few years, however, this was rewarded with success which rendered the labor of himself and brothers comparatively easy, and gave them opportunities for mental improvement, but which were sadly neglected to their lifetime sorrow. The early bent of his mind was for present enjoyment, and as he grew up towards manhood, the more marked became these propensities. At maturity he was of medium size, with wonderful activity and powers of endurance; a joyous boon companion, no hilarious gathering was complete without him; and here it may be as well to record, that all through a long and useful life, he never recovered entirely from these controlling influence, which threw such a magic spell around his young manhood. He was fond of confessing that the strain of the violin acted strangely upon his nerves and the good points of a chorus were to him like diamond in the ore; a good hound ever had a faithful friend, and no fox or wildcat was ever safe with the sound of his clarion horn.  The character of John G. Richardson, at the age of twenty-two, was an unusual compound of pleasure and business, and his judgment was as confessed in one as in the other. There are undercurrents in human life, scarcely at first perceived, but fed by hidden springs, gradually increase in strength and volume, tillt it attains the mastery and sways the mighty river. Of all traits of character, there are perhaps none so potent in influence upon the masses as personal bravery, and this he possessed in an eminent degree. Indeed, it may be said of him that the principle of fear was wanting in his character. As liberal with  his purse as with his blood, he was ever ready to make the cause of injured innocence his own, leading consequences for after consideration. His long life was full of lessons to show the dangers and the folly to which such impulses lead, but he never learned them. At this period in history, his time was about fairly divided between the homestead in South Carolina, and to maternal uncles near Savannah, Georgia, who were devoted to him.


     It was during one of those protracted visits that a meeting was called in Sumpter District, to take into consideration the subject of emigration to Mississippi territory, then the all absorbing social problems in South Carolina. After much deliberation and comparing rumors and reports from that great unknown wilderness, so far beyond postal facilities of that day, it was finally resolved that, if John G. Richardson would go out as a pioneer, remain one year, make a crop of cotton and corn, they would all abide his decision. No higher complement could have been paid to a young man, when we consider the character of the families represented in that assembly, and of which immediate information was at once conveyed to him, and to which his answer was favorably and prompt. Indeed, no suggestion could have touched a more kindred card than this to him. Opening up as it did a rich field of enterprise and adventure so congenial with his nature he soon returned home and devoted his attention to every minutia necessary to the outfit of an undertaking so important to himself and others. He selected to African slaves to accompany him, Caesar and Pina, of the lot before mentioned of thirty, who had for years proven themselves first-class servents, faithful and true; a two horse covered wagon drawn by two powerful, well broken mules, and in which was stored seeds, farming and kitchen utensils, indeed everything necessary to begin life in the wilderness, a little, miniature Noah’s Ark.


     The first Monday in December, 1808, was a day of great interest at the old Richardson homestead, for a large crowd had assembled there to witness the departure. In front stood the wagon, all harnessed up and equipped, while Pina held Ma’s John’s famous saddle horse, well-equipped for the journey. He had decided on making the whole trip on horseback, as the saddle was his most delightful home. The leave taking was sad but soon over, for the Richardson’s are a very demonstrative people. His mother feared that she was looking upon her firstborn for the last time, when she thought of all the dangers through which he would have to pass. But the last words were spoken and he was gone, and no braver heart had ever turned face to danger.


     By a glance at the map United States it will be seen that his route lay diagonally through a portion South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama to the Southwest part of Mississippi Territory; a distance, as he had to travel it, of over a thousand miles. While inside the borders of the civilization his way was smooth and fair enough, and it was not until he had passed its confines that this fearful test began to be realized. Several hundred miles of his route lay through almost unbroken wilderness, with nothing but Indian trails to make his course. Camping out, often near the Indian villages, the greatest vigilance had to be used to prevent the loss of all his property, and even their lives at the hands of the treacherous savages. Often he would have to wait for days for swollen creeks to run down, and often a bridge was required before he could proceed. Wild game was abundant all along this portion of his route, and many carcasses he had to leave to the wilderness, except the skins, which Pina and Caesar were skillful in saving. Feeding his stock was much more difficult than feeding themselves, indeed this was their greatest trouble. His route struck Pearl River at the little trading post called Monticello, and great was his joy at once more meeting and mingling with people of his own race. Here he stopped for several days to recruit his animals and himself and Negroes as well; and here the latter found a good sale for their bear in dear skins. From the proceeds of which they astonished the whole trading post with their new outfit and on the strength of which they gave a general exhibition of a genuine Congo dance.


     Leave taking was celebrated at the post by a farewell ball the night before, at which everybody, with their wives, and especially their daughters, were present, and though we recorded without permission, we have no doubt but that the young South Carolinians gave them an exhaustive display of Virginia reels, breakdowns, and pigeon wings with many other varieties of Terpsichore. From that point his route onword, was easy in comparison to what he had passed through, lying entirely through the Choctaw nation; but he had wisely engaged the services of two experienced and influential Indian guides, which made it comparatively safe to pass through this country. Early in January he reached a settlement of some friends from Georgia, who had made the move by sea, and up the Mississippi River, and here he found a good old lifetime southern welcome. He found them located near where the town of Woodville now stands, and all well pleased with their prospects. Here leaving his Negroes and equipment for a few days, he prospected in every direction for a future home. He finally settled on a location fourteen  miles east, on what is now known as the Woodville and Liberty Road.  Here he entered a section, and bought a quarter of a section from a squatter named Clark who had opened a few acres on it, and that one hundred and sixty acres is called Clarkfield to this day. Arriving here in January, he at once proceeded to cut logs for necessary buildings, and here was the first of his new home. The log cabin of the pioneer is a picture to deeply engraved on the mind of every American to need repeating here. All his other necessary outbuildings were of a like inexpensive character, and early spring found him cutting down wild cane and opening up new ground for planting. Here, for the benefit of unborn Richardson boys, who, it is fair to presume, will have no opportunity of knowing personally about cane brakes, and new countries, we will record some particulars as to how their ancestor, John G. Richardson, managed it all. All of Wilkinson County was, in 1800, one vast cane brake which grew from 15 to 20 feet high. In the midst of one of them he settled in 1808, and commenced clearing it by cutting off the cane at or near the ground, falling it one way on a bed of forest leaves, so that when laying down flat it made a mat of from six inches to a foot deep; upon this was cut down all the saplings or small timber, well lapped up and the branches thrown over the cane, leaving nothing standing but big trees, which were girdled and left to rot down, or to be split into rails. All this was left to dry on the ground until it was wanted for planting, when some windy day was selected for a burn, and it all goes off right, it is the most grandly, beautiful sight ever. The bursting of the cane resembles the continued roll of small arms of contending armies. It’s far surpasses the best prairie fire, and that it climbs up dead vines to the top of the tallest timber, and wreathes its fiery festoons and garlands around the heads and all over the great, giant oaks of the forest, and gives a vivid panorama of creations winding up. A day or two after this grand conflagration the ground, with its fine coated top-dressing of ashes, is ready for planting, and in this way fifty acres was put in cotton and corn by the first of April.


     In the cultivation of the first crop no plowing is necessary or even possible, but the hoe must be actively used to keep down a rank growth of weeds, and most extraordinary crops are realized the first year. Wild game, especially dear and turkeys, was very abundant, also wild hogs, and he was able to lay in a good supply of meat for the year; in all of which his two South Carolina hound pups came well in play, and had already made quite a name for themselves. He tried hiring Indians to work on the farm, but they were not reliable, only as hunters. By October his crop was mostly gathered, and after engaging a good overseer, he was ready to return home; so selling his cotton in the seed, for the gin had only been invented a few years and had not yet gone into general use, he was ready to leave.


     Taking generally the same route he had come over, but making many shortcuts and with no encumbrance he arrived at his father’s house about the middle of November. His favorable report had been received in advance, and he found the whole community getting ready to move. Never was a hero crowned with laurels more warmly welcomed, and the old Richardson mansion was thronged from day to day to get particulars of their new, far-away home. His sales of cotton, planted and cultivated mainly by Pina and Caesar saved him volumes of words. Without a dissenting voice, he was again selected to arrange all the particulars as to time and manner of making the move; for all knew there was no safety except in reunion. In order to get out in time to make a crop, it was necessary to leave in November or December, cold and disagreeable though it may be, but better this than to lose a whole years work, and to this all energies were now directed. Everyone had their special arrangements to make but in his estimation all were small in comparison to the greater matter which weighed upon his heart and mind which we will now go back and bring up.


     A year before he went to the Mississippi territory, he had met at a party near Campden, Miss Margaret Du Bose, and which meeting was fatal to his peace of mind. Strange freak of nature which draws us to our opposites. She was the only young lady in that brilliant throng who did not join in the dance, and as dancing was his native element, he was so filled with amazement that he sought an introduction, and for once in his life forgot to dance the balance of the evening. Seating himself by her side he beffed to know her reasons, and in the explanation which followed, he discovered a rich vein of mind, conscience, duty, self-control, with all the fascinations of beauty in the dark eyed brunette. The persuasive strains of music went on, but for once in his life he heeded it not.” Saul among the prophets ”caused no more wonder, and he returned home with new and strange visions floating around him. He had gone to the party to meet a Miss Dick, a cousin of Miss. Du Bose, but a greater than Miss. Dick was there. Several interviews followed, which only served to sink the arrow deeper in his heart, but no other progress was made.


     His character on the turf, and as the best fox hunter in Sumpter District, did not recommend him to the staid widow of Capt. Daniel Du Bose, a staunch old Huguenot family, who had left behind him a splendid Revolutionary record, and who had received the warmest acknowledgment of General Sumter in his farewell address to his army.  “Too fast,” said Mrs. Du Bose “to be a suitable match for my daughter, Margaret,” who had been reared to know and to do her duty, and so the matter stood, when he was elected as Pioneer, by a large colony to brave a year in the wilderness with savages and wild beasts.


     They were now to part, perhaps forever; woman-like, she could not hide her fears, but no promise came to lean upon in his far off wondering, but there is a sympathy in a woman’s heart as irrepressible as the weird music of the passing gale, revealing often more to another, then is known to themselves; and thus they parted, he on his long and perilous journey with no facilities to lighten up irrepressible as the weird music of the passing gale, revealing often his lonely future, and she to commune with her own heart, as only women can commune, on a newborn idea, so deeply involving her all of life and happiness. And now a year had passed since then, and he was again at the house of Mrs. Du Bose as a visitor, but how changed were the circumstances. The whole country around was ringing out his exploits, and his successes, which made him quite a hero, and a very practical one in the estimation of the planters.


     The cordiality of his reception by Mrs. Du Bose greatly surprised him, and his felt that time had rolled away a great stone from his door, but a far greater one was rolled from his heart. At the closing of the interview with her daughter, the simplest narrative of his life, since they had last parted, was in itself enough to drop out all the sympathy of human nature, but when told with the current pathos of love’s own words, every cord of her heart responded, and tears glistened in her dark black eyes. He told of his lonely night- watchings through pelting rains beating on his bark-covered hut, surrounded by howling beast of prey. Yet how through it all, her image hovered around him like a guardian angel to shield him from harm. Soon he would have to return to his new far away home; must it again be without you?            her answer came by giving him her hand and saying ”I will go with you whenever you want to.”


Over seventy years have passed since then, and from dust to dust they have long since returned. A large family rose up to call them blessed, and now point back through longest years to their own loved “Isaac and Rebecca.”


     Next morning, with the full concurrence of Mrs. Du Bose, 16 November was appointed for the marriage which for the want of time had to be a hurried and quiet one. To make it unnecessary to again return to this subject, we will here record, that on the evening of the day appointed, a select company assembled at the residence of Mrs. Du Bose, and a joyous gathering it was. The Miss Dick before referred to, acted as bridesmaid to her cousin, and Mr. Miller, afterwards Gov. Miller, of Georgia, officiated as groomsmen. Two days after the marriage the bride and groom took up their residence at Richardson mansion, where his presence was needed every hour to direct the great move which was fixed upon for the last week in November. We remember of no such extensive exodus from any one state having ever occurred, as that from South Carolina, begun in 1808, and extending through 1810, to the then newly acquired Mississippi Territory. For twenty years afterwards it was the constant theme of conversation in Wilkinson County, where most of the immigrants located, so that every incident became thoroughly deguerrotyped on the mind and memory of the writer. Many interesting incidents we refrain from giving as they would lengthen his family reminiscences much beyond our original intention.


     The last Monday in November, 1808, was a day long to be remembered in the old Richardson neighborhood, as family after family fell in the line, each with wagon, teams and equipment. Negro boys generally rode mules, while the women and children were stowed away in the wagons. A long line of family carriages followed in the rear and completed this army of immigrants numbering over one thousand grown persons besides children. By common concurrence, it had been decided that John G. Richardson should be chief in command of the moving party, and as their route led through the Indian Nation, it was necessary for safety to keep in as compacta body as possible. A select number of picked men were arranged as avant-couriers to be kept a day’s journey in advance, to select camping grounds, arrange ferriage,, inspect bridges, and detect as far as possible any lurking danger. Their young Moses with his splendid horse and equipment ready for any emergency, was everywhere along the line, looking to the wants and comforts of all; with everyday came its annoyances and accidents, enough to fill a volume, but he showed himself equal to every emergency, and no doubt deserved more laurels than many a general has received for conducting and advancing or retreating army.


     In January, 1810, the locality of their future home was reached, and permanent tents were struck, stock enclosures made, and for a time most of the families went into winter quarters, which however proved to be very mild and open. Land sharks and agents were soon thick among them, each offering for a trifle to show ”the richest land that every crow flew over.” So that before a month had passed, the great company were mostly scattered, some never to meet again. The usual results followed, of conflicting claims, trespass and lawsuits, in which George Poindexter and other legal luminaries laid the foundation of their fame and fortune; the location, of our ancestors, has been before given, and we had now but to follow them to it. J. G. Richardson found his new home, which he had left under contract, well underway, but not completed, so that the newly married couple had to pass some of their time in the old log cabin. Here life began with them in earnest, with all that its cares and responsibilities common to human existence. The amount of property brought in marriage, was about equal and consisted mostly of slaves, of which there were about thirty all told. The improvements on the plantation were pushed rapidly forward; first the completion of the dwelling sacred in memory of all the children but the last; there were the Negro cabins, cottages on the hillside, and then the large barn and stables; and at last the great gin house at the head of the long avenue leading to the dwelling from the public road. But opening land and extending the field was the main work of the plantation hands, so that by May a fair crop, for the force, was put in.


     They tried again to utilize the Indians as farm laborers but found them too lazy and unreliable, except one called Indian John, who remained for several years as a sort of gardener and hunter, but whiskey was his great trouble. The crops of 1810 in 1811 were very remunerative and the smiles of Providence seemed to have gathered around their new home. The first year, August 1, added a daughter to the family, now Mrs. M. L. Gibson, and the proud mother of a numerous family in Missouri. But when did the stream of life ever flow smoothly without dashing against the rocks, over rapids and around cities. The second year came near shrouding their new home with gloom, for the life of its fair mistress was for weeks despaired of by her physicians, and everyone else, except good old parson Matthew Bowman, who came daily with his prayers and strong faith in her recovery. She became very happy in her affliction, and even joyful at the prospect of death, which for her, had lost all its terror and yet for the sake of her dear husband and child, she was willing to live. Her protracted illness and wonderful recovery was very impressive, and seemed almost miraculous, especially to him whose life was so much bound up in her. Now follows the sequel. He had seen and felt it all as only a devoted young husband can, when the idol of his soul is being taken away forever. Her resignation and willingness to go and leave him and her child was all a new revelation to him, and he determined to analyze and realize it all for himself. With him it had ever been to resolve to do, so with this intent, he communed with old father Bowman, and no man could better give him advice and instruction, under which, for the first time in his life, he commenced reading the Bible and religious works; this he continued for over a month, and with each day adding to his deep contrition for his past life. To use his own words, release came when his expected, as if a great burden was suddenly lifted off him. From that time until the day of his death he was a changed man, fully as much as with Saul after his journey to Damascus the whole current of his life and thoughts seem to flow in a new channel. We do not propose to argue cause-and-effect, but simply to record facts from which all are at liberty to draw their own conclusions. His first step was a family altar, and he would allow nothing to prevent the morning and evening sacrifice. Soon after, three of his former boon companions from Woodinville called in to pass the night; they had not heard ”that he had seen a vision” as bedtime approaches, he became nervous and embarrassed, which he confessed to his wife. Her advice was “husband, do your duty and all will be right,” and the service that night was sweet and refreshing. In a short time the first midway church was under contract, his subscription to be first and largest, and of which he was for many years a leading member.


     But all his plans of usefulness in the church and neighborhood were suddenly broken into by the rude blast of the war of 1812. Gen. Jackson’s proclamation reached the town of Woodville, calling loudly for volunteers to save Pensacola, which was environed by the warlike Creek Indians, and there was not a moment to lose. On the day appointed the streets of Woodville were crowded with volunteers, of which one hundred picked men were enrolled in a cavalry company and at the election of officers, John G. Richardson, was almost unanimously elected captain. A week after the drill of one of Gen. Sumter’s old veterans, and the first company of cavalry, ever raised in Wilkinson County, was ready to leave. His commission, as captain, now lies before me, dated March 3, 1813, and bearing the broad seal of the Territory of Mississippi, under Gov. David Holmes. Venerable parchment! Seared and yellowed by time--- how vividly it brings back to life fading memories long past, and of “The stout hearted, who have all slept their last sleep.”  The former prestige of their chief gave him the entire confidence of his men, who felt that they were under a boon commander; by forced marches he reached Pensacola, and received a cordial welcome from his commander-in-chief, who was soon, but other by other reinforcements, enabled to take the offensive, and add fresh laurels to his rising fame. The Wilkinson troops continued with Jackson’s army till the close of the Florida war, when they were disbanded and returned to their home. It was a great gala day for the town of Woodville, when the head of the column appeared in sight, for the families and friends of the troopers had assembled in great numbers to welcome them to home and rest.


     In his military career, Captain Richardson had held fast to his integrity, and well illustrated the life of a Christian soldier. His plantation affairs he found in good condition, under his overseer, David Jackson (who had laid the foundation of his subsequent large fortune), and with a hearty good will he resumed his former life and duties. This writer will not be accused of egotism, for omitting in its proper place, that before leaving for that way, his family had increased by twins, Francis and Mary, and now he returned a proud father as well as soldier, to enjoy the comforts and sweets of domestic life.  But, alas!  The vanity of all human calculations. Before a year had passed, the war cloud again darkened the country. Packenham had suddenly appeared with his army before New Orleans, and threaten the city was a terrible doom in which Louisiana, and the new state of Mississippi were involved.


     Again Gen. Jackson’s stood in the breach, calling for volunteers, when Captain Richardson’s Cavalry was at once reorganized, and in a few days in the Crescent City, reported for duty. Here, his energy and activity, with perfect drill, made his company conspicuous during the terrible conflict that ensued. Incidents and details crowd this mind of the writer, so often the story of the battle at every fireside was told, but it is to be hoped that all of his descendents will be conversant with the history of their country, and especially with the battle of 8 January, 1815, and which our ancestor acted so prominent a part. In the war as Captain, then Major, he was now Cololel of his Regiment. Thirty-seven years afterward, his eldest son was mainly instrumental in having a memorial monument erected by legislative appropriation on the plains of Chalmette, on which the names of all the officers were to be inscribed. And here is broken the bow and the shield and the sword and the battle.


     Home again with wife and children and friends, Colonel. Richardson resumed the care of his estate and the many responsibilities devolved upon him. While he had been away from home, fighting the battles of his country, its fair maîtres was winning the victories of peace. In this tribute the world is ever ready to pay to female loveliness of character, that which made his home quite the center of attraction. Four children had now blessed their union, and to train these ”Olive Branches” claimed their first attention. His aim was to surround them with literary association, and the neighborhood, physician, teachers and ministers all found a home in the family. Looking back now through a long vista, we are satisfied that more practical knowledge and foundation of character is gained by such surroundings in early life, that is gained in the schools. Nor do we remember ever to have heard an oath, seen a drunken man, or a game of cards ever played in our father’s house. His life is shaped in no small degree by the writings of John Wesley, to which we mainly attributed his ideas on redeeming of time. To this end, he ordained four o’clock a.m. as the hour of family worship, at which time Moses, son of winter, the Negro preacher, blew blasts so loud and shrill as to be heard “over the Hills and far away”, while every hound in the pack joined in the wild chorus, and even the geese united their cracked mistaken melody to break the stilly night. At one side of the large room called the hall, the blacks brought in their long benches, the whites on the other. A chapter was red, a hymn was sung and then the beautiful and fervent prayer closes service of the morning and evening sacrifice.


     Diligent in business, fervent in spirit serving the Lord, seem to be the motto inscribed upon his heart, and acted out in his life. It would be reasonable to suppose that such a life would be one of financial success, and so it was to some extent, for year after year found the small surrounding farms, one after another absorbed into his estate until it became one of the largest in that section. But yet Colonel Richardson was not a moneymaking man in the accepted sense of the term; for here again Mr. Wesley comes in with “Make all you can. Save all you can. Give all you can,“  and if any part of the injunction was lost it was sure not the last. His charities were not asthmatic, but a living principle ever beating over the pulsations of a generous heart. The support of the church was like providing for his own household. He warmly espoused the greatest enterprise of the day, that of planting civilization in Africa by means of the free Negroes in America, headed as it was by his political star, Henry Clay, as president, and who himself as one of the vice presidents of Mississippi. It was indeed a grand scheme and deserved a better fate. Millions went into its treasury, but it was stabbed in the house of its northern friends by Abolitionists, and finally buried by emancipation. All through the years of his life, he was often called upon to settle the estates of widows, who had a sort of sunflower instinct of turning to him in time of need, and they never turned in vain. Of the several orphans he reared and educated, his experience was not encouraging. But the greatest trial of this faith came from his free tenants, mostly Irish immigrants, sheltered in different corners of his estate, with a few acres to cultivate until they could do better, but who often preferred letting well enough alone. Very often, no doubt, he was made to feel, with the witty and sarcastic Tallyrand, that ”the gratitude of the human heart consisted in a lively anticipation of favors to be received.”  But there are some lessons, some men can never learn, and he never did. Strange, too, with such a near neighbor, friend and brother-in-law as Dr. William Winans, whose name is in history as one of the greatest divines of the South has ever produced.


     In 1824 he commenced building on the Woodinville and Liberty Road, about a mile from the old home, which had become too small for his growing family. In two years the new house was completed, and it presented a very imposing appearance, in the midst of a splendid Forest Park, with its tall, graceful pillars as if it had all grown from the ground up. It’s so captivated our young hearts that there was no sorrow or sighing on leaving the sweet, dear old home of our birth, but youth is not the time for sighing.


     Eighteen hundred and twenty-six found us in our new abode, six in number, the youngest died in infancy, and in a few months we were all rejoicing over a newborn sister, to our young hearts a fairy gift, to us and our Queen Mother. There are periods in the drama of human life when we would love to let the curtain fall to rise no more. There is a mysterious Providence which often leads mortals to the highest pinnacle of earthly happiness but to be dashed into the deepest abyss below. The year which had opened so bright and beautiful upon us looked out upon a household wreck. The light of our lives had gone out: all was dark in our hearts, as it was in the deep buried coffin of our mother. The golden bowl was broken and our treasures scattered, the silver cord was loosened which bound us together. We had seen our noble hearted father, who had braved death in a thousand forms, tremble under the blow, and cry out, ”All is lost, all is lost”;  we had all loved and learned too much, forgetting that she was mortal. It was our first great sorrow, and so deep did it enter, that even long, heavy years now pressing heavily upon us has never dimmed the memories of that dark day, or the sad train of events which followed it..  “God is our refuge and strength,” a very present help in trouble.” None knew this better or felt it more than Colonel Richardson, and it was here he renewed his strength for the battle of his life. His zeal in religion seemed to increase, and he resumed the active duties of life, but his friends generally said that he never was the same lighthearted, genial, joyous man. The social element of his nature, which had scattered sunlight all along his pathway, seemed tinged with a sternness before unknown. The condition of his children was a burden on his mind, for in his nature there was little of the domestic motherly elements, and he felt the necessity of providing for their wants, so that in the second year of his widowhood he married Mrs. Winningham, a cousin of our mothers, and to whom she had been much attached. It was a wise choice, for she was a good woman who would have done her duty well, but he was doomed again:  in four months she was in a grave beside our mother, and our home was again draped in mourning.


     After her death his great desire seems to be to leave the country. Which was the fatal error of his life, and brought with it all his woes. With this intent, he visited the far famed Teche country, and returned with the general admiration of that country, of which an admirer once said: “if there be a spot on all this sin-cursed earth, where God in His mercy left to remind man of Paradise he has lost, it is here”.  He became so entirely satisfied of this fact, that before leaving it, he had purchased for $10,000 the beginning of a sugar plantation, eight miles below New Iberia on the Teche, long afterwards known as the Richardson Place, now Hope Plantation.  


     In October, 1829, leaving half his force in charge of a long tried overseer, while the others he removed to his new purchase, where he arrived in time to put up seed cane, and prepare for the following crop, which was doomed to be almost entirely destroyed by the tornado of 1830. These three successive years are sad memories with the old sugar planters in Louisiana, with two storms and an untimely freeze. Sugar planting was in its infancy, except in expense, which came early to maturity, but he was fairly embarked upon the sea of trouble and had to cross or sink, consequently he sold his cotton plantation in Mississippi and concentrated all his means and added largely to his sugar interest. The second year of his Louisiana life, he married his third wife, Miss Lemon of Adams County, Mississippi, which we only record for the truth of history. The increase of investment in the sugar plantations gave no corresponding increase of profits: but in spite of his poor success, there was for him an infatuation in the business which short crops only seem to increase. Eight Hog-heads to the hand was always in the next crop, which seldom reach four; and the same may be said of all the American planters who settled in that section at that time, yet,  he was never hard to regret his change from cotton to sugar.


     Though eight miles away his place at church was never vacant but how small were his religious privileges compared with former days, strange faces, strange tongues, a people ”who knew not Joseph,” and though he lived long among them they never did. He made strong personal enemies by enforcing the law against some of his neighbors for cruelty to slaves but with him it was duty first, consequences afterwards. In 1840 he sold his property to his two sons, Edward and Daniel, and retired from business for a while, but becoming restless, he purchased a sugar plantation above New Iberia, Fausse Point, with which he had about his former success, and in a few years gave it up, and with it, all active business. His children had, in the meantime, married and settled in different sections of the country, where with each, a warm welcome awaited him. He greatly enjoyed traveling and extended his last trip into Canada, from which he returned to find himself elected officer of the day to command the veterans at the approaching celebration of 8 January, 1856 in New Orleans. But that day found him a victim of the most violent form of pneumonia, and in a few days this checkered life, at the age of 71 came to a close. We append the following obituary, by the gifted offer and divine, William Winens, D. D., Of Mississippi.


     “Col. John G. Richardson, son of Francis and Martha Richardson, was born in Sumter District, South Carolina, February 28, 1785. In 1809 he married Margaret Du Bose, a daughter of Daniel and Mary Du Bose, of the same state. In 1810 he immigrated to Mississippi Territory, and settled in Wilkinson County. He had scarcely established himself in his new home when war with the Indians, and with Great Britain, called him to share its dangers, privations and hardships. He commanded a volunteer troop of horse men and acquitted himself in a manner so much to the public satisfaction, that he was chosen successfully Major and Coolnel in the Regiment in which he had served. In his command he was brave, prudent, strict in discipline, and kind to his men, at once a popular and model officer.


     After a union of eighteen years, he and his excellent wife were separated by the death of the latter. This was a stroke under which his reason reeled, and no wonder that his anguish was nearly unendurable, for a better wife was probably never the portion of man. She had borne him eight children, all of whom, except one daughter who died in infancy, survived him. He was afterwards twice married, his second wife living but four months; his third wife survived him for five years. Before his death, and within a short time of that event, two sons a daughter and his son-in-law, in quick succession followed each other to the grave. From his moral constitution he was particularly sensitive to these bereavements, but his piety found consolation in a well founded assurance that there was hope in the end. In 1829, he removed to St. Mary’s Parish, Louisiana, where he continued to have his domicile, till transferred by death to a better home in heaven. Pecuniary litigation and difficulties occasioned him much perplexity and annoyance for several years, but he outlived them all, and attained to circumstances with which he was content. In youth John G. Richardson was proud, irascible and fond of pleasure, a worldly minded man. He was, however, high toned, despising what he considered to be mean, abhorring what he considered dishonorable. His passions were easily excited, and under their impulse, his action was prompt and reckless of consequences. Ardent temperament, his resentments were violent, and his friendships were warmhearted. He feared nothing an enemy would with like ardor have shed his blood in conflict with the former, or, in defense of the latter; a genuine specimen of southern chivalry.


     The conversion and pious example of his wife were instrumental, mainly, in bringing him from ”darkness into light,” and from the power of Satan unto God.” Affliction, severe and protracted illness, was the minister of mercy to her. Under its rude discipline she was trained to a renunciation of the world which she had previously loved too much to put her whole trust in her Savior, to devote herself to the service of God, and to submit without repining to the dispensations of an infinitely wise and gracious Providence. Always amiable and lovely, she was now consecrated to God in all her attractive qualities; she came out of the furnace of affliction “as gold seven times tried in the fire.” Purified, refined with added luster. Her husband felt and yielded to the influence of her sanctified loveliness. His pride and stoutness of heart gave way; he sought to become a companion, meet her for society, a fellow-servant of her God, a partaker with her in the blessings of the new covenant; a joint heir with the saints of light; nor did he seek in vain. After severe struggles against the corruptions of his fallen nature, and against the habit of rebellion against God he obtained deliverance at once from the dominion and guilt of sin, and rejoiced in spiritual freedom and hope of eternal life. This important change took place in 1813, or 14, so that he was more than forty years a follower of the Savior. He was long an efficient class-leader and steward in the Church. He became a member of the M. E. Church from a thorough conviction of the scriptural character of her doctrines, and the religious and moral wholesomeness of her discipline, and in this conviction he never faltered.


     There was more simplicity and less suspiciousness in him than in any man of his age, and who had been as much in the world as had he, whom I ever know. This was to him a fruitful source of discomfort and trial when he found his misplaced confidence not justified by the character and conduct of those he had trusted; he felt personally injured by the disappointment. He was himself the very soul of frankness, and he looked to be met in an equally open-hearted manner, and that he was often disappointed need not be stated. A more benevolent man would be hard to find than was Colonel Richardson. No form of human want or woe appealed to him in vain. His liberality was discriminating only in the amount of his contributions, which were large in proportion to the importance witch belonged to the claim to which he responded. The spread of the Gospel and the African Colonization Society drew most largely, I believe, on his liberality. How well he judged in preferring those to other claims, need not now be argued.


     Until near the close of his life, religion, its obligations and consolations, were themes on which he loved to dwell, and though delirium, in affliction, rendered his mind a chaos, no abatement, in his confidence in God, can be imagined. Doubtless he has rejoined his loved ones, who went before him, and that they all now rejoice in the presence of Divine Glory.

Birth:     1786
Sumter County
South Carolina, USA
Death:     1827
Wilkinson County
Mississippi, USA

Married John Gaulden Richardson
daughter of Daniel DuBose and Martha Nettles 



The DuBose Family of America begins with Louis DuBose of Dieppe, Normandy, France.  Several different, long, unproven lists of his ancestors exist, some as DuBosc, some as DuBois.  DNA testing thus far  has shown no relation between the descendants of Louis DuBose and the DuBois Families of France or Canada, nor to Chretien DuBois of Wicres, France, whose three sons immigrated to New York in the 1660's.  But it shows a very likely relationship to the descendants of Jacob DeBusk (born c.1734) whose sons lived in Washington County, Virginia, by 1787, but is of unknown origin.  The similar sound of the name lends credence to, but no proof of, connection to the DuBosc lineage.  However, recent DNA testing does show a clear connection to the current DuBosc Family in France.


The following lineage is traditional, lacks documentation, is in the wrong order, and several titles shown make no sense:

1. Claude DuBosc "Lord de Tondas de la Chapelle" and "DuBosc de Tondas" married Jeanne DeCormeilles
2. Geoffrey DuBosc "Lord de Tondas de la Chapelle" and "DuBosc de Tondas" married Elizabeth D'Orbel
3. Martin DuBosc (d.c1360) "Lord of Coquereaumont" and "DuBosc de Tondas" Lieutenant to the Grand Master of
.. .Waters and Forests of Normandy m(1) Marie Mustel, m(2) Alix de Sibeville
4. Jean DuBosc "Lord of Coquereaumont" and "Lord de Tondas de la Chapelle" married Isabeau Mustel
5. Guillaume DuBosc "Sieur de Tendos de la Chapelle" married Perronnelle, made nobleman in 1406
6. Guillaume DuBosc (d.c1433) "Sieur de Tendos de la Chapelle et Emendreville," married Perrette LeTourneur
7. Gueffin DuBosc (b.1398) "Lord of Coquereaumont" and in 1452 Sheriff of Rouen, married Isabelle DuFot (duTot)
8. Jean DuBosc "Lord of Coquereaumont" married secondly 1480 Margueritta LeCauchois (sons Jean, Robert, Nicolas)
9. Jean DuBosc and Ann Jubert  He was b.1481, d.1562, m(1) Barbe, m(2) Marguerite.  He had only one son Jacques, who married 1574 Ann Jubert.  Jacques had two sons, Jacques (m.1602 Marie d'Humieres) and George, dsp.
10. Astronomes DuBosc  NO such person recorded among the Nobility of France, this is NOT a French name, and definitely not recorded by "Dictionary of French Nobility" as a son of Jean DuBosc (1481-1562).
11. Antoine DuBosc (1560-1593) "King's Counsellor [sic] and French Ambassador to the Netherlands"
12. Pierre DuBosc (1590-1633) married Francoise Olivier de Lanville (1590-1670), had sons Jean and Louis
13. Louis Francis Boint DuBosc (1630-after1668) married Anne Sanborne (1630-1734) had sons Abraham and Isaac


A cousin is nearing completion of a thoroughly documented book on the early lineage, back to Martin DuBosc (d.1306).  Written with the assistance of a genealogist of the DuBosc Family in France.  More will be available after publication, hopefully in the fall of 2014.......Now fall of 2015. Apparently waiting for confirmation of two weak links in a line that differs in major points from the above.  She would not give me details prior to Louis because she wants to sell her book.  But the premise of the connection to the DuBosc is that Astronomes (which means astronomer, or at that time also astrologer) was a pseudonym given to the son of a Catholic family who became Protestant.  When he died, he could not be buried with the family in the "sanctified ground" of the Catholic Cemetery - under his real name. And the records of the French Nobility would have ignored him, since Protestants were not supposed to exist.  Documentation of this theory is lacking.

Louis DuBose married Anne Salovay and lived in Dieppe, Normandy, France, and in London, England.  Louis and Anne appear in the records of the French Huguenot Church in Threadneedle Street, London, at the baptism of their daughter Esther in 1656, as "Louy DuBo and Anne Saloneé," and are named in her marriage record as "Louis DuBos and Anne Saloavay."   
[Records of the Huguenot Church of London, volume 13, pp. 61, 145]  Their three daughters received relief from the church (clothing, blankets, etc.) as refugees from Dieppe 12 Aug 1681, at which time their ages and occupations were given.  A Louis DuBois, wife and 2 children, from LeMothe, received relief 28 Feb 1681/2 along with a grant to relocate to Ireland.  It is unknown whether this is the same Louis DuBos, and LeMothe does not appear to be anywhere close to Dieppe.  But Louis and Anne apparently started in Dieppe, moved to London before 1656, returned to Normandy, and then back to London in the summer of 1681. 

. 1. Anne DuBos (born 1650) tailor, moved her church membership to London 2 Sep 1681
. 2. Madelaine DuBos (born 1652) bone lace maker
. 3. Esther DuBos (bapt. 28 Dec 1656) tailor, married 17 Apr 1682 Jean Du Gauquer
. 4. Isaac DuBos (born 1661?) was not listed as needing relief with his sisters, and did not
. . .establish church membership in London until 23 Aug 1682, presumably after turning 21.

King Henri IV of France issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598, following 36 years of religious wars, granting Protestants most of the rights of Catholics.  However, enforcement was up to local officials, and varied greatly from place to place and from time to time.  It was not uncommon for French Protestants to move to other countries when local enforcement ran against them, and back when conditions improved.  When Louis XIV revoked the Edict in October, 1685, making the Protestant religion illegal, they left permanently.  Dieppe lost 3,000 of its citizens at that time.  The revocation came suddenly and violently.  The English people were shocked by the destitute state in which many of the refugees arrived.  And relief agencies quickly formed to assist them with the necessities.  Many of them were craftsmen, which "overloaded the market" in England, and by 1700 King William paid passage for many of them to go to Virginia.  One source said the DuBoses went first to Manakintowne at the falls of the James River.  But that settlement started in 1700, and Isaac had already been in South Carolina for 14 years.  And no DuBose is listed among the settlers there.  There is an André Rembert listed, but the father and grandfather of Isaac Dubose's daughters-in-law, by the same name, also came to South Carolina in the 1680's.
Isaac DuBose (c1661-c1718) joined the Huguenot Church, Threadneedle Street, London on 23 Aug 1682. He settled at Jamestown on the Santee, South Carolina in 1686. He married about 1688 Suzanne Couillandeau (c1663-c1742), daughter of Pierre Couillandeau. They were naturalized in 1689. Isaac and his brother-in-law founded the now extinct town of Jamestown, SC, in 1705. After Isaac's death, Suzanne married Bentley Cooke.

. . 1. Elizabeth DuBose (1691-1736) married Jonathan Whilden, son of John, Sr
. . 2. Isaac DuBose (1693-1742) m(1) Madelaine Rembert; m(2) Esther Gourdin, widow of John Bean
. . 3. Daniel DuBose (1695-1755) married Anne Rembert
. . 4. John DuBose (c1700-1788) m(1) Susannah Lemonier; m(2) Mary Whilden, dau. of John, Jr. 
. . 5. Mary (or Martha or Judith) DuBose (d.1720) married William Capers
. . 6. Andrew DuBose (1699) married Elizabeth Sinclair
. . 7. Stephen DuBose (1701-1772) m(1) Lydia; m(2) Elizabeth
. . . . . John DuBose (1738-1799) m.1757 Lydia Carter
. . . . . . . Jeremiah DuBose (c1760-1839) m.1786 Rebecca Hampton; moved to Pike Co, AL  c1828
. . . . . . . . . John DuBose (1812-1893) m.1838 Jane Rabb; m.1848 Amanda Smith; moved to Bell
. . . . . . . . . County, Texas, in 1870.
. . 8. Peter DuBose (1703-1757) m(1) Madelaine Royer (her mother was a Rembert)
. . 9. Anthoine DuBose is assumed to have died before 1742, when unlisted in mother's estate, but
. . . . he could possibly have been the Anthony DeBusk of North Carolina, supposed father of Jacob
. . . . DeBusk (c.1734) of Washington County, Virginia.  No "proof" has been found, but yDNA 
. . . . similarity indicates a possible connection.
. 10. David DuBose, possibly a son, married Jeanne Rembert

John DuBose (c1700-1788) married in 1727 Susannah Lemonier, daughter of Jacques Lemonier; married secondly 1730 Mary Whilden, daughter of John Whilden. He sold his land in Berkeley County in 1744, and settled on the Santee River by 1750. As an old man, he was one of eight DuBoses in Capt. Elias DuBose's Company under Gen. Francis Marion in the Revolution.
. . 1. Susannah Elizabeth DuBose (1728) m.1746 Robert Lewis
. . 2. Martha DuBose (c.1731-c.1808) married John Warren
. . 3. Mary DuBose m(1) Henry Sparrow; m(2) Josiah Clemmens
. . 4. Capt. Elias DuBose (19 Oct 1737-16 Mar 1789) m.20 Jan 1763 Lydia Cassels (1745-1806)
. . 5. Capt. Daniel DuBose (19 Oct 1737-1798) m.1766 Mrs. Frances Villeponteaux Simons; m(2)
. . . . .Mary Nettles; m(3) Mary Paulemeraug

. . 6. Isaac DuBose (5 Nov 1742-18 Apr 1816) married Sarah DuBose, daughter of Peter, moved 
. . . . .to Liberty County, Georgia, by 1798.
. . 7. Elizabeth DuBose (5 Nov 1742) married Clements Brown
. . 8. Joseph DuBose (1745) m(1) Mary Ann Mell; m(2) Miss Simonds; m(3) Margaret Green
. . 9. Rebecca DuBose (1752) married Andrew DuBose, son of Peter.


In October, 1778, the General Assembly of Virginia prohibited the importation of any slaves into the Commonwealth, under penalty of £1000 each, and the slave freed.  In May, 1780, they passed an exception to that statute allowing refugees from South Carolina and Georgia, who had been displaced by the British conquest of both states, to bring their slaves with them "until one year after the expulsion of the enemy or restoration of civil government."  If they stayed longer, the slaves would be free.  They had to register the slaves with the County Clerk and pay a $1 fee each, and were exempt from tithe (tax) for one year after registration.  (Hennings Statutes 10:307) 
The Brunswick County Deed Book 14, pages 101-108, records the names and ages of 186 slaves of 19 owners from South Carolina registered between 30 Sep 1780 and 26 Feb 1781.  Among them were:
. Daniel Dubose - 13 slaves
. Elias Dubose - 15 slaves, including one belonging to Daniel Dubose, and one to George White
. Isaac Dubose - 5 slaves
. Joseph Dubose - 3 slaves
. Andrew Dubose - 4 slaves
. John Warren - 3 slaves, including one belonging to Elias Warren

Brunswick County Tithables (tax lists) before 1784 did not survive, so we do not know whether these families moved to Brunswick, or just sent their slaves for safe-keeping.  But they had returned to South Carolina (or moved on to Georgia) by 1784.  Why they chose Brunswick County is unknown.
Martha DuBose (c.1731-c.1808) married John Warren (c.1728-c.1806) We have no record of where John Warren came from.  John was granted land on lynches Creek in 1752, and their son John was baptized in 1753 in Prince Frederick Parish Winyah, Craven County, South Carolina.  He had two draws in the Georgia Land Lottery of 1805 (for himself and wife), and lived in Liberty County at that time.  In 1807, Martha Warren, widow, had one draw for herself.  See Warren 
. . 1. John I. Warren (1752-1821) m.1773 Elizabeth Perkins (1758-1811) moved to Liberty Co, GA,
. . . . about 1778; moved to Marion Co, Mississippi, in 1810
. . 2. Mary Warren (c.1754-3 Aug 1831) m.12 Apr 1774 Capt. John Norwood (c1750-c1829) lived 
. . . . in Darlington District, South Carolina. (I doubt estimates of her birth in 1750, because she, too,
. . . . would have been baptized on 29 May 1753, when 85 children from the community were
. . . . baptized, including her brother and four cousins.  35 were baptized the next Sunday. 
. . 3. Elias Warren (c1756-1825) m.22 Dec 1788 Susannah Burford married in Liberty Co, GA, 
. . . . .moved to Marion Co, Mississippi, between 1817 and 1820.
. . 4. Martha Warren (1758-after 1827) m.1778 John Piggott (c1758-1827) Liberty Co, GA, then
. . . . Marion Co, Mississippi about 1810.
. . 5. Joseph Warren (c1760-between 1797 and 1805) married Penelope (Lott?) Radcliff 
. . . . Died in Bryan Co, GA, one source says 1 Mar 1797, widow Penelope had a widow’s draw in 
. . . . the 1805 Land Lottery. In March, 1806, in Liberty County, John Warren (Jr) was appointed  
. . . . guardian for Joseph’s minor children (under age 14) John, Sarah, Elias, and Solomon.


4.              Margaret Nettles DuBose
BIRTH 2 AUG 1788 • Camden, Sumter, South Carolina
DEATH 10 JUN 1827 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
7.          Francis Rivers Richardson
BIRTH: 1760 • Stateburg, Sumpter, South Carolina, USA
DEATH:  13 DEC 1820 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi, USA
8.          Martha Patsy Gualden
BIRTH:   26 NOV 1765 • River, Saluda, South Carolina,
DEATH:   12 JUN 1832 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
9.          Daniel DuBose
BIRTH:  19 OCT 1737 • Christ Church Parish, Darlington, South Carolina
DEATH:   1801 • Darlington, South Carolina
10.          Mary Nettles
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
 7.           Francis Rivers Richardson
BIRTH: 1760 • Stateburg, Sumpter, South Carolina, USA
DEATH:  13 DEC 1820 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi, USA

Francis R. Richardson's will.

SOURCE: a slim volume titled "Mississippi County Court Records, from the May Wilson McBee Papers," originally published in 1958, reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1994, 1999, 2008. This booklet quotes marriage, birth, and death announcements as well as wills and probate accounts from several Mississippi counties including Wilkinson County. The book is by no means a complete listing of documents in the county courthouses.

In this booklet are portions of the wills of Francis Richardson (ca 1763 - 12/13/1820) and his wife, Martha Gaulden Richardson (11/26/1765 - 7/12/1832). 

Inventories and Accounts

Book 2

p. __ Will of Francis Richardson, of Wilkinson Co., Miss. Estate to beloved wife, Martha, and children: John G. Richardson, W. A. Richardson, J. N. Richardson, W. H. Richardson, F. R. Richardson, and Susan singleton. Chas. Stewart, Zach. Gaulden and Edward McGehee, exrs. Nov 21, 1820. Wit: Samuel Wright, Samuel Goodrich, Wade H. Goulden (sic). Probated Jan. 29, 1821, by Wade H. Goulden (sic) and exrs. 

Probate Minutes

Book 2
p. 138. Feb 23, 1824. Ordered that an account presented agst the estate of Francis Richardson, decd., which acct. was presented to the executors in the time required by law, owing to the misunderstanding of Wade H. Richardson as to the credit of 41 bales f cotton shipped by Francis Richardson, in his life, to Moses Cox, of Orleans, which from his affidavit and the letter of said Cox was credited Francis Richardson, instead of to the Wade H. Richardson's firm. The court being satisfied of the mistake as well as the justice of said amount, order that estate of Francis Richardson pay to Wade H. Richardson, and Fuqua the amount, $2474.30.
Family links: 
  Martha Gaulden Richardson (1765 - 1832)*
  John Gaulden Richardson (1785 - 1856)*
  Jared N. Richardson (1791 - 1877)*
  Wade Hampton Richardson (1799 - 1835)*
*Calculated relationship
Richardson Cemetery 
Wilkinson County
Mississippi, USA

BIO From the Memoirs of Francis D. Richardson

Francis Richardson was born at the old family residence the Stateburg, Sumpter District, South Carolina in 1760, a period during which the all absorbing thought of the people was the inevitable coming struggle with the mother country, which in a greater or less degree shaped the destiny of society, and each particular member thereof. On the high hills of Santee, schoolmasters were teaching the young idea of how to shoot their Country’s foe, and the whining schoolboy was longing to follow to the field a Marion or a Sumpter; amid such surroundings, was passed the boyhood of Francis Richardson, and early manhood found him with but a small stock of book learning. He had been kept too busy watching his father’s stock of horses and cattle, aiding his mother to keep the Tories from stealing them for eight long years, to know or care much about the rudiments of grammar. It was thus he grew to young manhood, Stout, fearless and daring, more familiar with danger than the derivation of words. The welcome notes of the true sounding bugle found him approaching maturity, and life with its responsibilities came fast and thick upon him. The sad untimely death of his father ushered him at once into the midst of its busy arena, which after all has been so often found to be the best school. After setting the affairs of the estate, at the age of twenty-four, he married Martha Goulden, in her day very remarkable for her beauty and personal attractions; a more complete specimen of man and woman could hardly be found this side of the first garden. Their appearance after they had turned their full half-century, is most visibly impressed upon the memory of the writer, for as their first grandson, he was their special pet, and most of his young boyhood was spent with them, and then tales of a grandfather are sweet treasures of life’s young dream.  At that time his usual weight was two hundred, with no surplus flesh, six feet in his stockings, strong Roman nose, splendid physique, knee britches in high-top boots of the time, a hero made to order. She too had well retained the grace of womanhood, especially her activity, so that, with a little advantage of rising ground, she could, with an ordinary sized course place her hands on the pommel of her saddle and jump into it.


     But we anticipate and must go back to the other days, and follow them on. After his mother’s death he bought the homestead and engaged activity in its improvement. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 gave a new impulse to that great staple. Though four years after the close of the Revolutionary war, the African slave trade was prohibited by the great powers, still New England enterprise was only equal to the emergency, and they kept the market well supplied. Once landed on the American coast it was difficult to distinguish them from those brought over and landed before.


     A few years of diligent frugality and industry placed the new beginners in easy and prosperous circumstances so that, before the year 1790 Mr. Richardson bought at Charleston, at one purchase thirty Negroes, mostly fine looking men and women for about one hundred and fifty dollars a head; they were clothed and brought home with no little difficulty, being about as wild as baboons of their own native land. I bringing them on the farm and incident occurred of a singular character. They had shown so much surprise and amazement at everything they saw, that Mr. Richardson concluded to bring them into the wide hall of the dwelling that his wife might enjoy their surprise; at one end of this hall was a large mirror, and several of them were brought before it. In a moment they seem to grow frantic and ungovernable, made wild gestures and awful screams, so that their keepers had to be brought in before they could be quieted down at the sight of the whip. After a few words to their interpreter, he explained it thus: seeing themselves for the first time in the glass. they thought they were all at once back in Africa among their fellows, which made them shout for joy, which at once accounted for their singular behavior. Putting these Africans to work in the fields for the first time, was like breaking young mules, and any amount of patience and sometimes something a little stronger was required. The women of this lot, in the first generation had very few children, but became prolific in the second, which seems to be the case with Africans imported generally. These thity all turned out well, and became good and valuable servants; long-lived, most of them were handed down by an inheritance to the third generation. One of the last survivors was a woman, Leah, who became the property of the writer, was long a consistent, pious member of the Methodist Church; she died in the parish of Iberia, Louisiana, in 1877 thus allowing her to be twenty on arriving in America, would make her one hundred and seven years old at the time of her death.


     But back to the Richardson family; years passed over them, with the changes and incidents common to human life, but they were not those of sorrow or affliction, for olive branches had sprung up around their table and each succeeding year found their store of wealth increase. No funeral pall had darkened their doors, and they had abundance cause of gratitude to the giver of all good. But the head of the family was restless and uneasy at seeing the soil he had so long cultivated gradually wasting away, and this was the general feeling of his friends and neighbors. At best it was never good and southern planter like, of those days, took no steps to improve it. Indeed these fields were literally plowed to death, so that it took acres to make a bale of cotton; nor did those who raised indigo fare any better. Such was the case after the year 1800, when reports first reached them of the great fertility of the lands in the far off territory of Mississippi, bordering on or near the great River. Pioneers had been there and found their way back, reporting immense yields of from two to three bales of cotton to the acre, and the Indians were all leaving for other hunting grounds. It was not long before steps were taken to investigate this important matter, In all of which Francis Richardson and his friend, Wade Hampton, took the lead. Their investigation extending over several years, finally culminated in emigration, which took out of the old State a large number of her best citizens.


     Here we have to follow our ancestor like Abraham of old, with his tents and large family, his slaves, flocks and herds, during his long sojourning through the state of Alabama into the wilderness of Mississippi which occurred in 1810. After great toil and hardship, opening roads through the wild cane brakes, and building bridges over which to pass their vehicles, the new El Dorado was reached in safety. His first entry of land was made seven miles west of Woodville, in Wilkinson County, which was largely increased by purchase. Here the usual first-settlers’ log cabins were made; their smoke went up among the wild forest trees. Two years afterwards, all was changed in this by enchantment. Instead of log cabins, a beautiful mansion crown the summit of rising ground, surrounded by a park of picturesque forest trees, destined to move their generous branches over unborn generations, as well as those who walked beneath them in all the beauty and pride of your manhood.


     Francis Richardson was at once assigned, in his new home, that position which is common consent ever gives to character and wealth. He, with his eldest son, John G, were among the commissioned to select the side and lay off the County Seat, Woodville. He sought no office, but shrank from no responsibility to the general good, and thus past six years of his life in his newly adopted home surrounded by wife and children, and friends, and increasing in wealth and honor. But what are all these when the grim monster knocks at the door? The weakest point of our ancestor’s character was self-will, which nothing could control except the gentle influence of his wife, and alas, not always this, or he might have made his three score and ten, as by nature he was so well endowed to do, instead of falling victim to the unprincipled quack, in the fifty- seventh year of his age. A Dr. Wright had located in the neighborhood to practice medicine, and was soon discovered to be a fraud by the profession. But Francis Richardson and had known Wright’s father in South Carolina, and would allowed no reflection on the character of his son in his presence. It really seemed that the more violent grew the opposition to the Doctor, the more zealous became his defender for the character of his old friends son, so that after his malpractice had been several times exposed, he still not only employed him on his large plantation with over a hundred slaves, but entrusted him with his own life during a severe attack of malarial fever; in vain did his family and friends endeavor to persuade him to change his physician, or at least to let them call in others in consultation; there was no use; and it really appeared that he would rather die by the hand of Dr. Wright then be cured by anyone else. When at length a resolved to act, and to physicians from Woodville were called in, it was alas to late.


     It was thus at the age of fifty-seven, this strong man powers unimpaired by time, after seven days illness fell like a giant oak of the forest. Sixty years have now passed since the great throng of mourners followed his remains to that lovely spot he had selected and ornamented for his grave. He was the first pioneer to that lone spot on the estate where so many others have since joined him. Nothing occurs to the writer as necessary to add in relation to the character of Francis Richardson, only to say that he was a member of the Methodist Church, and enjoyed in an eminent degree before his confidence of all those who knew him. At his death there were six sons and one daughter, in order of their birth, John G, James, Susan, Jarred, Arthur, Wade Hampton and Frances Rivers. The first two sons married and settled near their father. Susan married Hiram Singleton and lived adjoining. Jared and Wade were married into the Harbor family, and died in West Feliciana, Louisiana. Arthur died unmarried. Francis Rivers, always called Rivers, married a sister of Gov. MacGoffin’s of Kentucky, and died leaving his family in Kentucky.


     Before we leave this ancestor we must follow his wife to the close of her earthly pilgrimage, which occurred sixteen years afterwards, and they were years of great usefulness to herself, her family, and the world. Of a tall, slender, wiry mold, self-reliant, of great decision of character, it’s impress was felt whenever she moved, whether in the church of which she was a beautiful pillar, or in the management of her domestic affairs, or in the various charities of the day, all felt the magic touch of her influence. Her great physical activity has been before alluded to. And all newly settled countries, the travel is mainly on horse, and the most vivid reminiscence of the writer is riding behind her on a fine swift pacer, during one of her weekly visits to the Indian camp about two miles north of her residence, on the hills of the Buffalo. It was evening in the fall. After crossing the main country road leading from Woodville to Liberty, we turned North into an Indian trail, straight and good enough to follow, except where wild cane grew to low down, when we had to stoop to conquer our way through; sometimes there was a log or fallen tree across the path. But this was a trifle, for that horse, Dick, could have cleared a five-part fence and no harm to him or his rider. The way to me was getting to feel a little long, when dogs commenced barking, and all at once there was the Indian camp in full view, perhaps fifty or sixty huts of different sizes and shapes, wigwams, some covered with bear skins, some with wild cane, and some with straw. The men were all off to their hunting grounds on the headwaters of the Homochitto, and in a few moments our horse was surrounded by squaws, children, picaninies, the little naked fellows all holding up their hands imploring with a wild, beseeching jargon, reminding me now of so many pelicans imploring food from their mother.


     Grandmother dismounted leaving me on the saddle scared nearly to death at the terrible looking old squaws. After what seemed an age, she returned from visiting the sick in their tents, followed by a few old women who spoke some English, and to whom she gave some medicine and directions. Then taking a handled basket from the horn of her saddle, she proceeded to distribute a quantity of cakes and nick-nacks among the children, who yelled out there gibberish thanks as we rode away, with me rejoicing at my escape.


     A volume full of interest, to her numerous descendents might be written of this mother in Israel, who so nobly and so well filled out her threescore years and ten. But a more extended notice would not be in accordance with our plans, which are mainly to point out landmarks which have stood in the family pathway. But if we do stop here and there to admire the giant oak with its beautiful clinging joy, or drop a tear where fell the lightning shiver, those who come after me will not complain. Again the homestead now growing vulnerable in the hearts of the family is draped in mourning. A long procession slowly moved from the chambers of death, as silent as the shadows around them, broken only by the sad forest requiem. Dust to dust again is heard from the tremulous lips of her venerable Pastor and friend, Dr. Winans; and thus, after sixteen years of lonely, lovely widowhood, again sleep, side-by-side, Francis and Martha Richardson.

 8.               Martha Patsy Gaulden
BIRTH:   26 NOV 1765 • River, Saluda, South Carolina,
DEATH:   12 JUN 1832 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi

Birth:     Nov. 26, 1765
Sumter County, South Carolina, USA
Death:     Jul. 12, 1832
Wilkinson, Wilkinson County, 
Mississippi, USA

Martha Gaulden RICHARDSON.

Wife of Francis R. Richardson. Moved with him and

large group of Richardson family members from South

Carolina to Wilkinson County, MS, 1809-1810.

Her parents were:
John Gaulden ( ?? - 1782) (Find-A-Grave 71841321)
Susannah Brumfield ( ?? - 1810) (Find-A-Grave 71841431)

1. John Gaulden Richardson (28 Feb 1785 - 19 Jan 1856)
2. James Brumfield Richardson (25 Dec 1789 - 26 Jul 1859)
3. Jared N. Richardson (30 Jan 1791 - 18 Jan 1877)
4. William Arthur Richardson (1793-1793)
5. Susan Richardson (30 Jun 1793 - 1826)
6. Wade Hampton Richardson (1 Aug 1799 - 11 Aug 1835)
7. Francis Rivers Richardson ( Abt 1800 - Abt 1848)

Martha Gaulden Richardson's will.

SOURCE: a slim volume titled "Mississippi County Court

Records, from the May Wilson McBee Papers," originally

published in 1958, reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co.,

Baltimore, 1994, 1999, 2008. This booklet quotes marriage,

birth, and death announcements as well as wills and probate

accounts from several Mississippi counties including

Wilkinson County. The book is by no means a complete

listing of documents in the county courthouses.

In this booklet are portions of the wills of Martha Gaulden

Richardson (11/26/1765 - 7/12/1832), wife of Francis

Richardson (ca 1763 - 12/13/1820), and of her husband,



Wilkinson County Records


Book 1
p. 36. 

Martha Richardson's will. Jan 23, 1832. Wilkinson County. Sons: John G., James B., Jared N., W. H., Francis R., and son-in-law Hiram Singleton. The first three sons and son-in-law to have one slave, each; W. H. Richardson to have two negroes and their two children, and Francis R. to have five slaves, cattle, horses and gig and to annually pay her, (his mother's) brother, Dempsey Gouldin (sic), $80, during the lifetime of Barney, the last-named negro bequeathed to him. The granddaughters, Martha Gibson, Mary E. Richardson, Margaret Richardson, youngest daughter of John G., Martha Richardson, dau. of Francis Richardson, each a slave; to cousin, Polly Richardson, widow of Richard Richardson, 3 cows and calves and one steer; to free Jack my Spanish filly. Negroes to remain together under the direction of Francis Richardson until January 1833 and proceeds of crop raised to go to pay debts. Son, Francis R. Richardson, sole executor. Wit: Thos. Lyne, Lewis Garrett, Robert White, June 18, 1832.

Codocil (sic): To son, Francis R. Richardson, negro girl purchased since making will and he is to pay my son Jared N. Richardson, of West Feliciana Par., La., $225. But if she died before the probate of this will and codocil (sic), absolved of this payment. (signed) Martha Richardson. Wit.: Robert White, Jared W. Hendrix, Lewis M. Garrett. Probated Aug 1832.


Note several items in this will:

1. She prepared this will on 18 June 1832 and it was probated August 1832. The first line of the entry in the county record states: "Wills, Book 1, p. 36. Martha Richardson's will. Jan 23, 1832." I have no idea what this date means. This may be an error, the date possibly should be 23 January 1833, maybe the date the will was entered into the county records.

2. She seems to have left most of her estate to her youngest son, Francis Rivers Richardson. That is, his brothers and brother-in-law got one slave each while Francis R. got "five slaves, cattle, horses and gig."

 9.               Daniel Du Bose
BIRTH:   26 NOV 1765 • Sumpter, Saluda, South Carolina,
DEATH:   12 JUN 1832 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
Daniel Du Bose was born on October 19, 1737, in Darlington, South Carolina, his father, John, was 31 and his mother, Mary, was 29. He was married three times . He died in 1801 in his hometown at the age of 64.

DAR Patriot Listing     DANIEL Du BOSE


 Member:  -- Name Restricted --    Nat'l #: 604365     Ancestor #: A034036

1. -- Generation Restricted --

2. -- Generation Restricted --

3. -- Generation Restricted --

4. Search»

The Said -- Name Restricted -- was the child of

William Marshall Richardson born on 15 - Feb - 1831 at Brunswick Co NC   

died at Raiford Bradford Co FL on 20 - Apr - 1929 and his ( 3rd ) wife

Anna Louise Gibson born on 23 - Sep - 1845 at St Louis St Louis Co MO

died at West Palm Beach Palm Beach Co FL on 1 - Sep - 1924 married on 19 - Oct - 1870 

married at St Louis St Louis Co MO

5. Search»

The Said Anna Louise Gibson was the child of

John Wright Gibson MDborn on 28 - May - 1800 at SCOTLAND   

died at St Louis St Louis Co MO on 21 - Jul - 1869 and his ( 1st ) wife

Martha Louise Richardson born on 22 - Aug - 1810 at MS

died at St Louis St Louis Co MO on 22 - Jan - 1905 married on 20 - May - 1828  

married at Liberty Amite Co MS

6. Search»

The Said Martha Louise Richardson was the child of

John Gaulden Richardson born on 28 - Feb - 1785 at Sumter Dist SC   

died at St Marys Par LA on 19 - Jan - 1856 and his ( 1st ) wife

Margaret Du Bose born on 2 - Aug - 1788 at SC

died at Woodville Wilkinson Co MS on 10 - Jun - 1827 married on 16 - Nov - 1809  

married at prob SC

7. Search»

The Said Margaret Du Bose was the child of

Daniel Du Bose born on 19 - Oct - 1737 at Winyaw Craven Co SC   

died at Darlington Dist SC on a 13 - Dec - 1800 and his ( 2nd ) wife

Mary Nettles born on 12 - Oct - 1760 at NC

died at Amite Co MS on 25 - Nov - 1821 married on c - - 1780 

married at SC




Ancestor #: A034036


Birth: 10-19-1737    SOUTH CAROLINA


Service Source: SC ARCH, ACCTS AUD #331, ROLL #37; SC GEN & HIST MAG, VOL 3, #3, PP 132-133

Service Description: 


 10.                    Mary Nettles

BORN:  12 Oct 1760 in South Carolina, USA 

DIED:  25 Nov 1821 in Amite County, Mississippi, USA 

Mary Nettles was born on October 12, 1760, in South Carolina, her father, Zachariah, was 23, and her mother, Lucy, was 18. She married Daniel DUBOSE in 1778. They had one child during their marriage. She died on November 25, 1821, in Amite, Mississippi, at the age of 61.
Mary Nettles DuBose  Last Will & Testament
11.           Richard Arthur Richardson

BIRTH: 1760 • Stateburg, Sumpter, South Carolina, USA
DEATH:  13 DEC 1820 • Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi, USA
12.          Hannah Ball Mitchell

BIRTH: 7 DEC 1732 • High Hills, Sumpter District, South Carolina

DEATH: 1790 • Stateburg, Sumpter, South Carolina

13.          Capt. John Gaulden
BIRTH:  19 OCT 1737 • Christ Church Parish, Darlington, South Carolina
DEATH:   1801 • Darlington, South Carolina
14.          Susannah Brumfield
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
15.          John Du Bose
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
16.          Mary Whilden
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
17.         Zachariah Nettles
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
18.         Lucy Mae Bass
BIRTH:   12 OCT 1760 • South Carolina
DEATH:   25 NOV 1821 • Amite, Mississippi
 11.           Richard Arthur Richardson

BIRTH 1730 • Orangeburg, Santee, South Carolina 

DEATH 4 OCT 1785 • Stateburg, Camden, South Carolina

Richard Arthur Richardson was born in 1730 in Santee, South Carolina, his father, John, was 26 and his mother, AMARENTHIA, was 17. He married Hannah Ball Mitchell in 1755 in Sumter, South Carolina. They had one child during their marriage. He died on October 4, 1785, in Camden, South Carolina, at the age of 55.
BIO From the Memoirs of Francis D. Richardson

The Richardson family


Chapter First


     Our first American ancestors were immigrants to Virginia about the year 1680, and with a large English colony settled on the James River. John Richardson was by birth a Welshman and his wife was English. They were poor, but came with stout hearts and willing hands to carve out a home and a name in the New World. As a plain farmer and nothing else, he commenced the cultivation of tobacco, in which he was so successful, that, in a few years he found himself owner of good farm, and in the full enjoyment of life’s comfort. Here he remained for over 20 years, becoming fully identified with the growing prosperity of his adopted country, and died leaving a numerous family.


     Several of his children, early in 1700 removed to Cape Fear River, North Carolina. Then recently acquired from the Indians, and to which there was a great rush of immigration, mainly from Virginia. Here this branch of the family settled and became an important element in the stirring future of that great state, and there many of their descendents still remain. The oldest son in the second-generation became a prominent character in the history of the state as a delegate to the Continental Congress, and a very conspicuous member of it. During the recess of Congress a large amount of money was placed in his hands to pay off the soldiers in his district, and in the discharge of this trust, he was way-laid and murdered in Robertson County, by a band of Tories who were afterwards caught and executed.


     Here we leave the Richardsons in North Carolina to follow that branch of the family to which our immediate ancestors belong. In 1750 there came to what’s now known as Sumpter District, South Carolina and settled on the high hills of Santee where many of them remained until 1809. They were generally planters, leading plain good lives and worthy citizens. During the internal struggle of the state with the seven Lords Proprietors, they were active and vigilant in the defense of their rights, exerting great influence in the Santee settlement, and were much dread by those representatives of royalty. But it is not our purpose to follow the family in the aggregate, but to single out the oldest son of each generation and follow. Arthur Richardson was born in North Carolina in 1730; of his early history there is nothing to distinguish him from the common boys of the period.  At thirty-five we find him a cotton planter in easy circumstances, and with a numerous family. The Lord Proprietors question had been settled in favor of the people, which gave peace and security throughout the state. It was during this period that many of those princely fortunes were laid that have since dazzled the world.  The importation of slaves was at its height, and northern competition brought the price so low that a Negro fellow was worth no more than a good mule or horse. The planters were the princes of the land and here we must record our conviction that the continent has never given birth to a race of men of truer nobility of character, who without aping the age of chivalry, possessed in an eminent degree it’s ennobling virtues, of this feat all the pages of the Revolution abundantly testify, for none of the old Thirteenth went into that death struggle with such fearful odds against her as South Carolina. Her numerous Tories and slaves, made the conflict doubly terrible, and we have had but to look into Ramsay’s History of the State, to form an idea of what a noble people, determined to be free, had to endure.


     At the breaking out of hostilities, Arthur Richardson was among the first to report to Capt. Marion for duty. The little Frenchman had won the hearts and confidence of his neighbors, and he found them ready with their knapsacks and shotguns to lay down their lives in defense of their country. To follow our soldier ancestors through the succeeding eight years would be but to rewrite the bloody pages of the Revolution in that section of South Carolina. But the long dark night had its dawning, which looked out upon a wild wreck of homes, of fortunes and their families. The saddle had been his home, by day and his pillow by night, for eight long years. When not engaged in the regular service with the Army, he was detailed as a scout, and as such had become famous and a special terror to his country’s foes, so much so, that a huge reward had been offered by Cornwallis for his head. From one of the records of the times we copy as follows:


     “During the struggle for independence, Capt. Arthur Richardson of Sumpter District, South Carolina, was obliged to conceal himself, for a while, in a ticket of the Santee swamp. One day he ventured out to visit his family, a perilous moment, for the British had offered huge rewards for his apprehension, and patrolling parties were almost constantly out in search of him. Before his visit to his family was ended, a small band of soldiers presented themselves in front of his house. Just as they were entering, Mrs. Richardson, with a great deal of composure and presence of mind, appeared at the door, and found so much to do there at the moment as to find it inconvenient to make room for the uninvited guests to enter. She was so calm and appeared so unmoved, that they did not mistrust the cause of her wonderful diligence till her husband had rushed out of the back door, and safely reached a neighboring swamp.


     During all those dark years of war, the care of his family and property devolved mainly on the heroic woman, and most nobly did she perform her part with the aid of her oldest son, Francis, who was 12 years old at the beginning of the Revolution. But she could not ward off the general doom of destruction which fell on every part of the State, but with most crushing force in the regions of the high hills of the Santee.  It is the estimate of the faithful historian, Ramsay, that over twenty thousand slaves were taken away from South Carolina alone during the war; thousands perished on works of defense and as many made their escape into other states and countries. The large cotton and rice plantations which had been cultivated by their labor had shrunk into small truck patches; stock of every description had been taken for the use of the British Army, fences gone; pile on the rails and make the camp fires burn was heard in every direction, so that now where the fleecy King once stood and beckoned his orders to the shipping of the world, the rank thistle nodded in the wind, and the wild weeds were resuming dominion. Where once stood the lordly mansion, now the wife and children look out from many a Negro cabin with fearful glance at the wild desolation.


     These were the scenes and the homes to which our war worn veterans were to return. Capt. Richardson saw what was before him, and with that same fortitude which had borne him so stoutly up through the bloody scenes of the Revolution, he set about to retrieve his losses. His wife and eight children had been left to welcome his return which was enough to inspire him with fresh zeal encouraged to gather up the fragments of his scattered fortune in common with his friends and neighbors: among these was Wade Hampton, the great-grandfather of the present (1878) Gov. of South Carolina. Throughout all their boyhood life in sports, they were the same warm friends, now more closely cemented by calamity, a general misfortune is much lightened by common sympathy and co-operation among neighbors and friends; A temporary stock law does away with the necessity of field fines, and in many other ways are misfortunes lightened, so that, by the end of the second year, many of the war scars were gone.


      Capt. Richardson was fortunate as to recover about half of the slaves which had been taken away by the British and Tories, which added to those who could not be induced to leave the plantation, gave him a good force to start afresh. The most rigid economy came to be the fashion in every department of life, and soon brought its reward. Cotton was bearing a good price, and long-lost prosperity seemed to be returning to all. The state was rising like a giant to shake off the horrid nightmare of the Revolution, and take her proud stand before the world. In all of this new social life, Capt. Richardson was as conspicuous as he had been in fighting the battles of his country, and rubbing out the war scars, and building up the waste places, so that, in the second year after the war, a new era was dawning on the country. But alas, in the mysterious decree of Providence it was doomed to dawn, but not for him; of the sad details of his untimely death, many were the conflicting rumors of the day; but at this distant date we can only give the account as the writer had it from the son and grandson of the deceased soldier.


     In the spring of the second year after peace was restored, he learns the residence of a Tory who had caused great trouble and loss to his family while he was fighting the battles of his country. He was more dreaded by the women and children, who were left to the guardians at home, then the British themselves, for his means of information extended to every hiding place, and he was the pilot of the ever foraging party of the enemy. This man was now ascertained to be living in an adjoining district, where he had bought property was his ill-gotten gains, and was carrying on a large carpenter and wheelwright shop in the town of Darlington. With such a man as Capt. Richardson, it was but to resolve and to do, leaving consequences to care for themselves. He knew that his valuable stock had gone from him forever; he knew also that the man who had robbed him still lived unpunished. In the tragedy that followed, many and various were the conflicting rumors of the time, all of which finally settled down into the following version:


     The visit to the Tory was intended for information in regard to certain valuable stock, perhaps a stallion, and if possible some financial satisfaction, and as a last resort a severe corporal chastisement. The only weapon he took with him was a heavy butted horsewhip, at that day, usually carried by gentlemen when riding. After a short rest and refreshment at the tavern and getting the location of his man, he went to his shop. After a brief conversation and positive refusal to give any information or satisfaction, the whip was turned upon him with a vengeance; seizing a two inch chisel laying upon the work bench, he plunged it into the stomach of the soldier, who then knocked him down with the butt of the whip, and no doubt would have killed him if others had not rushed in and prevented it. The stab was mortal, and in a few hours that brave heart which he had so often bared to his country’s foes ceased to throb, his wife a widow, and eight children fatherless. Ah! Sad was a day when the old Army ambulance brought back his remains to his home, and sadder still the following, when a long line of war scarred veterans slowly marched to a funeral dirge with their dead gallant leader, and looked for the last time on his commanding form. Slowly they turned from the grave of the dead with fresh sympathy, and vowed that his widow and her children would never want a friend while one of them survived. That time had long passed; one by one they were called to join their beloved Capt. in the spirit world, but true to their promise, while one of them lived, she and hers ever had a friend. But it was not many years she needed their offices, and many of the same troopers bore her remains and placed her by his side in the graveyard at Stateburg.


     To sum up leading meeting features in the life and character of Captain Arthur Richardson as impressed upon the mind and memory of the writer from details heard from his son and grandson, cannot be accurate, but they are all we have to give. In person, he was a little above the ordinary size and his great strength and endurance, with uncommon energy and firmness of character. His education was gained more from contact with the world and experience than from books. He was a man of the world in the accepted sense, not a member of any church, though his family connections were generally Presbyterians, was keenly alive to everything tending to promote the prosperity and interest of his country. The loss of the old Richardson family Bible is a very serious obstacle in the way of these memoirs, as for want of the records there in contained we are unable to give the names of all his children, which is believed to have been eight. Of these were Francis, Henry and Stephen one of his daughters married a Cordell and was grandmother to the Sessions family of Adams County, Mississippi. Another married a Jackson, whose descendents became very numerous throughout Mississippi and Louisiana, so that Elslie Jackson, in the third-generation counted over three hundred of his descendants together on one occasion. A third married into the family of Anderson. There was a sister of Captain Richardson’s born in Virginia, and who died in South Carolina aged 104 – see Ramsay.


     After the death of the widow, the estate was administered on by the eldest son, Francis, and divided satisfactorily among the heirs.





 Member:  -- Name Restricted --    Nat'l #: 711187     Ancestor #: A095358

1. -- Generation Restricted --

2. -- Generation Restricted --

3. -- Generation Restricted --

4. Search»

The Said -- Name Restricted -- was the child of

Robert Reily Richardson born on 12 - Jan - 1812 at Wilkinson Co MS   

died at Woodville MS on 16 - Mar - 1874 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary Elizabeth Wells born on 7 - Oct - 1820 at _______________

died at Woodville MS on 7 - Jan - 1891 married on 15 - Dec - 1841  

5. Search»

The Said Robert Reily Richardson was the child of

James B Richardson born on 25 - Dec - 1789 at Sumpter Dist SC  

died at Wilkinson Co MS on 21 - Jul - 1859 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary M Reily born on 2 - Feb - 1795 at _______________

died at Wilkinson Co MS on 16 - Mar - 1867 married on c - - 1812/13  

6. Search»

The Said James B Richardson was the child of

Francis Richardson born on - - 1765 at Sumpter Dist SC   

died at Woodville MS on 13 - Dec - 1820 and his ( 1st ) wife

Martha Caulden born on 26 - Nov - 1765 at Santee River, Sumpter SC

died at Woodville MS on 12 - Jul - 1832 married on - - 1784  

7. Search»

The Said Francis Richardson was the child of

Arthur Richardson born on c - - 1730 at NC   

died at Statesburg SC on - - 1785 and his ( 1st ) wife

Hannah Mitchel born on - - at High Hills Sumpter Dist SC

died at _______________ on - - married on - -   

** Additional, but unverified lineage is listed on the application. **




Ancestor #: A095358




Service Source: 


Service Description:: 


12.          Hannah Ball Mitchell

BIRTH: 7 DEC 1732 • High Hills, Sumpter District, South Carolina

DEATH: 1790 • Stateburg, Sumpter, South Carolina

EDITOR'S NOTE:  There is some debate as to whether: Hannah was actually the daughter of Peter Mitchell.  From a true copy of his will we see that he left his daughter - Hannah Richardson-  five shillings.  I tend to agree with the majority of researchers that she was Peter's daughter.and will contine her line as such.   This does mean that she was probably born in North Carolina, not South Carolina contrary to the DAR record for Arthur Richardson. In 1755 We do see that she marries Arthur in Edgeconmbe County North Carolina in 1755.

Halifax, Edgecombe County, North Carolina  records:


 25 Sep 1758       HALIFAX DB 6, p. 353 (Edgecombe Co NC)
              Thomas and Elizabeth Belcher of Edgecombe to THOMAS HARRELL of Edgecombe 25 Sep 1758, for 27 pds VA currency, 160 acres in Edgecombe County between Samuel Sessoms [brother of Nicholas m Hooker and Richard m Bryan] and the said Belcher.
              Wit: Peter Mitchell [neighbor; brother-in-law of Thomas Spell], William Mound [neighbor; husband of Priscilla Sugg], Nicholas Sessoms [d Oct 1764, neighbor; uncle of Thomas Harrell’s wife Rebecca]Recorded Sep Ct 1758
              [Probably the 160-acre “manner plantation” of THOMAS HARRELL’s will, also bequeathed to EDMUND HARRELL.]
              [Peter Mitchell of Edgecombe NC married Mary Jones, daughter of John Jones d Edgecombe 17 Dec 1757.Her sister Elizabeth m Thomas Spell.Benjamin Richardson of Edgecombe married Ann Spell, daughter of Thomas Spell and Elizabeth Jones.Hannah Ball (or Jones) Mitchell, daughter of Peter Mitchell, married Arthur Richardson in Edgecombe ~ 1755, apparently ended up in Orangeburg SC.]

Taken from the web:

Different family history accounts give varying information about Hanna Ball Mitchell.  The spelling of the last name is often given with one final 'l' as "Mitchel", a minor point, to be sure.  The middle name (if any) is often given as "Bell" or "Ball".  This (Bell or Ball) is often assumed to be her maiden name, though some apparently believe her maiden name was Mitchell, and that she was a daughter of Peter Mitchell (1707-1770) and Mary Jones (1710-1770), in fact, the majority of posted genealogies on the web show this to be true. 

But whether or not her maiden name was Mitchell, she is also shown by one source to have married one "George Mitchel" and had the following children by her first marriage:  John Mitchel, Joseph Mitchel, Elizabeth Mitchel, Rachel Mitchel, and Tibitha Mitchel.  No dates of birth are give.  Source:  GEDCOM by Barbara Sherlock.

A web-published family tree Descendants of John Richardson dated 1 January 2003, gives her name as: Hanna Jones Mitchell.  The full entry reads: He married Hannah Jones Mitchell1755 in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. She was born December 7, 1732 in Surrey County, Virginia, and died 1795 in Hills of Santee, St. Marks Parish, Craven Co. South Carolina.  But although this varies somewhat from the data given for "Hannah Ball Mitchell" it is not greatly different, though it  does not give sources.  I do show Peter Mitchell, normally said to be her father, as being born in Surry County, Virginia, though, and his wife as one Mary Jones.  So this tree tends to support the majority view.

I have no documents that establish that her middle (possibly maiden) name was Bell or Ball, but many web genealogies make that claim, as given in OneWorldTree. An example (one out of thirty or so) is the Babin_Newsom tree that gives her name as Hanna Ball Mitchell, with her given name as "Hannah Ball" and surname as "Mitchell." She is shown as born in 1732 in Sumter District, SC, and married (first and only marriage) to Richard Arthur Richardson in about 1754 in Sumter District, SC.  Her daughter, Ann Richardson, is shown as born in 1761 in Stateburg, Sumter District, SC.  These date are very typical and seem to all derive from a common source, somewhere in the LDS archives, probably.

Summary by: Harry James Fox -- 26 January 2009

13.                     Capt. John Gaulden
BIRTH:  1735 • Prince Edward County, Virginia
DEATH:   20 January, 1782, Ninety Six District, Greenwood County South Carolina

Birth: 1735
Prince Edward County, Virginia, USA

Death: Jan. 20, 1782
Ninety Six, Greenwood County, South Carolina, USA

Son of John and Elizabeth (Geers) Gaulden, Sr.
First setteling in Virginia and then to South Carolina, then to Georgia. They settled in Liberty Co., Georgia before 1800.
Husband of Susannah "Susan" (Brumfield) Gaulden ~ married 1759

John Gaulden (Sr.) and Elizabeth Geers lived and died in Prince Edward County VA. John (Jr.) and Susannah moved to Orange Co., NC around 1765,shortly after the death of John of Prince Edward County, VA. They moved to Sumter, SC prior to 1774. He died of Small Pox sometime before the proving of his will on January 20, 1782. He probably contracted Small pox during or around the time of the battle Eutaw Springs, in Orangeburg County.

John and Susannah "Susan" (Brumfield) Gaulden, Jr. had 9 children and they were:

1. James Gaulden (m. Frances Johnson)
2. Martha Gaulden (m. Francis Richardson)
3. William Geers Gaulden 
4. Elizabeth Gaulden
5. Zachariah Gaulden (m. Elizabeth Moore)
6. Rev. Jonathan Gaulden (m. Rhoda Paisley)
7. Sarah Gaulden (m. William Ely Freeman)
8. Dempsey Gaulden (m. unk.) 
9. Keren Happuck Gaulden (m. James S. Gilliam)

He is listed as a Patriot in the DAR for Civil Service, serving as a Petit Juror in South Carolina during the Revolutionary period.
Informant: Debbie Turner ~ 2014

I just checked the ancestor list for your John Gaulden of SC on the DAR site. It appears that he was only a patriot and never a soldier. You are going to find it difficult to find service records or even a hint of a service record without going in the SC State Archives. Dr. Bobby Moss went around SC & NC trying to find militia lists. He said that most of them apparently no longer existed. He published all the ones that he could find.
Informant: Eleanor Edmondson ~ 2015
Family links: 
  Susannah Brumfield Gaulden (____ - 1810)*
  James Gaulden (1761 - 1827)*
  Martha Gaulden Richardson (1765 - 1832)*
  Jonathan Gaulden (1776 - 1853)*
*Calculated relationship



DAR Patriot Listing           John Gaulden


 Member:  -- Name Restricted --    Nat'l #: 794882     Ancestor #: A127234

1. -- Generation Restricted --

2. -- Generation Restricted --

3. -- Generation Restricted --

4. Search»

The Said -- Name Restricted -- was the child of

Francis Gabriel Fortier born on 22 - Dec - at St James Par LA   

died at New Orleans LA on 10 - Sep - 1912 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary Howard Richardson born on 11 - Jun - 1860 at Patterson LA

died at New Orleans LA on 18 - Nov - 1935 married on 30 - Aug - 1888  

married at LA

5. Search»

The Said Mary Howard Richardson was the child of

John Wesley Richardson born on 27 - Sep - 1814 at Centerville MS   

died at Westover Iberia Par LA on 17 - May - 1891 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary Hyland Howard born on - - 1826 at Kent Co MD

died at Westover Iberia Par LA on 22 - Jun - 1862 married on 10 - Apr - 1854  

6. Search»

The Said John Wesley Richardson was the child of

John Gaulden Richardson born on 28 - Feb - 1785 at Sumter Dist SC   

died at St Mary Par LA on 19 - Jan - 1856 and his ( 1st ) wife

Margaret Dubose born on - - 1785 at SC

died at Woodville MS on - - 1827 married on 16 - Nov - 1809