John Richardson - Amarenthia Smith
John Richardson - Amarenthia Smith

Sabina Smith Taylor

Birth: May 10, 1699
Berkeley County
South Carolina, USA

Death: Dec. 15, 1734
Berkeley County
South Carolina, USA


 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Thomas Smith (1664 - 1738)
  Anna Cornelia Van Myddagh Smith (____ - 1710)
 
 Spouses:
  Thomas Smith (1691 - 1724)
  Thomas Taylor*
 
 Children:
  Benjamin Smith (1717 - 1770)*
 
 Siblings:
  Thomas Smith (1691 - 1730)*
  George Smith (1693 - 1730)*
  Barbara Smith Hyrne (1697 - ____)*
  Sabina Smith Taylor (1699 - 1734)
  Justina Smith Moore (1701 - 1743)*
  Elizabeth Hyrne Smith Dixon (1722 - 1756)**
  Henry Smith (1727 - 1780)**
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling

 

Burial:
Unknown

Thomas Smith

Birth: Apr. 22, 1691
Charleston
Charleston County
South Carolina, USA

Death: Jun. 16, 1724
Charleston
Berkeley County
South Carolina, USA


What property he had, he got from his grandfather Barnard Schenckingh and his father in law. Settled at St James Goose Creek Parish where he had a plantation of 325 acres and 25 slaves. Also owned 1950 acres of undeveloped land throughout the province. Was a member of the First Royal Assembly, JP Berkeley Co (1721), Lt Col of the Northward Regiment of Foot (1721), tax collector (1719), Commissioner of the High Roads (1721). 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Thomas Smith (1665 - 1690)
  Elizabeth Schenckingh Smith (1670 - 1751)
 
 Spouse:
  Sabina Smith Taylor (1699 - 1734)*
 
 Children:
  Benjamin Smith (1717 - 1770)*
 
*Calculated relationship

 

Burial:
Unknown

Landgrave Thomas Smith, Jr.'s Last Will and Testament

 

 

 

 

 

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN I THOMAS SMITH one of the Landgraves of South Carolina in Perfect health yet Considering the uncertainty of this Life for the Settling well Ordaining and Disposing of my whole Estate real and Personal Do make appoint and Order this present Instrument of Writing to be my Last Will and Testament in Manner and Form following (That is to Say) First and Principally I Commend my Soul unto Amighty God my Creator firmly hopeing that through faith in Jesus Christ I shall Obtain free pardon of all my Sins and inherit Eternal Life my Body I desire my be decently buried according to the Directions of my Executor hereafter named, As Concerning the Wordly Estate wherewith God in His mercy has Blessed me I dispose of the same in Manner following I Do appoint that all my Just Debts and Funeral Charges be fully Discharged and paid with all Convenient Speed after my Decease.

Item: I give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son Henry Smith my brick house together with five hundred acres of Land adjoyning on my Brother George Smiths and my great Marsh also - Containing Two hundred acres the Eastermost Part I Give to my son Henry Smith and his heirs forever this Land to Extend backward to the Extents of my Land According to the Platt of one Thousand four hundred and Eighty Acres also my Landgraves Patent .

Item: I give and bequeath unto my Son Henry Smith and his Heirs forever three hundred Acres of my Wasamsey Land to be taken out of the whole Platt in Proportion to the said Platt and he to have his first choice. Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Henry Smith three hundred Acres of my Back River Land and the same Quantity to my Sons Thomas Smith George Smith and Benjamin Smith and to be so equally Divided that each may have a Proportional Share of the Syprus Swamp Which I give to them and Their Heirs forever. Item: It is my Will and I do order and appoint that my Land Joyning on Granvite (Granville) Baston be sold containing Seventy odd foot Front and one hundred forty foot back which I empower my beloved wife to Sell and to give a sufficient title to them that buy to them and their heirs forever the Mony which that said Land comes to be laid out in Young Slaves for the use of the Plantation I now Live on.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Sons Henry Thomas George and Benjamin my Geader Island at the Mouth of Cape Fear River being on the North Side of the said River Containing Eight Hundred and odd Acres, which I give to them and Their Heirs for ever the same to be Equally Divided as also the Remainder of My Cape Fear Lands which I do give to the four before mentioned Brothers to them and their heirs for ever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Son Thomas Smith four hundred Acres of my Goose Creek Land Joining his brother Henry Smiths also that Part of my great Marsh that my son Henry has Two hundred Acres of't which I give To him and his heirs for ever to be run in Proportion back according to the other Platt of fourteen hundred and Eighty Acres.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Son Thomas Smith Three hundred Acres of my Wasmasay Land joyning his Brother Henry Smith to him and his heirs forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Scriven One Thousand Acres of Pine Land joyning on Whiskimbo and a thousand Acres joyning that to my Daughter Elizabeth Smith and three hundred Acres to each of them of my Wasmasay Land to them and their heirs for ever the Remaining part of my Wasmasay Lands with one thousand Acres of Pine Land joyning that I gave my Son Waring I give to my beloved Wife to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Elizabeth Smith One hundred and Eighty Acres - of my Goose Creek Plantation Joyning on that I gave My Son Thomas together with Seventy odd acres of that Marsh of which my Son Henry Smith has Two hundred Acres which I give unto my said Daughter Elizabeth and her heirs for ever which is to run back accordingly to the Plat of one Thousand and four hundred and Eighty Acres.

Item I Give and bequeath unto my Son George Smith One hundred and fifty acres of my Goose Creek Plantation and one half of the second great Marsh the said Land to run in Porportion back according to the Platt of one thousand four hundred and Eighty Acres which I give to him and his heirs for ever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my beloved Wife One hundred acres of my Goose Creek Plantation together with Twenty five acres of that marsh Commonly called Cannadays Marsh the land joyning on Lands of M. Daniel Weatsaysons and whereas there is near two hundred Acres of Pine Lying between this and the high Road Leading to Goose Creeek it is my Will that on a Survey what belongs to me may be Equally divided between my Beloved wife and my Son George Smith and Benjamin Smith which I give to them three and their Heirs for ever. I Do order and appoint my Loving Wife Mary Smith in case of my Death to give Captn William Pinkney A Title For one hundred and twenty foot on the Eastermost Part of my Bay Land that runs to Low Water mark on the North side of the said Pinkney's Bridge which Land the said Pinkney has paid the greatest part for and the one hundred & Twenty foot of the Westermost parts I give fourty foot of it Joining to the said Pinkney to my beloved Wife Mary Smith and the Westermost part being eighty foot remaining I give to my Sons Henry Thomas George and Benjamin Smith The Said Henry having his first Choice Thomas next. Then George and Benjamin which I give to them and Their heirs forever and I do here also confirm such a title as my Wife may give to Captain William Pinkney to him and his heirs for ever for the said hundred and Twenty foot.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughters Sarah Bowes Two hundred acres of high land and Two Hundred Acres of Marsh that joins on the old Store and Fronts Cooper and Back River which I give to her and her heirs For ever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my Son in Law Edward Hyne five hundred Acres of Land on Lawrance's Island at Wynyaw According as it is platted in the said Grant which title I Empower my Wife to give him for his use and his heirs for ever.

Item I give and bequeath the Eastermost Half of my Lott Number One hundred and two be equally Divided between my Wife Mary Smith and all my children the westermost half I Do Empower my Wife Mary Smith to Dispose of and sell to the best Bidder with the Marsh before it and to give such a one a title to him and his heirs for ever, the Marsh that Lyes before the Eastermost Part I give my Wife Mary Smith and all my children to her them and their heirs For ever.

Item I also give unto my loving Wife Mary Smith & all my Children all my White Point Land to them and their heirs for ever. And whereas there is a grant Recorded of mine in the Secretaries Office which was taken out by my Father when Governour the Original Some how or other Mislaid tho' the Counter past the Secretary Writes me word is in the secretarys office which confirms my Title to the said Lott and the other part of my White Point Land is granted to my Father & his heirs for ever which Titles be in the house the foresaid White Point Land may be divided by Lott and whereas my Eldest Son Thomas Smith did by a Scandalous Marriage bring a disgrace on my family on which I only gave him liberty to settle on part of my Ashley River Land during his life he paying taxes and rent due to the Government which when his surveying Executor Mr. Roger Saunders sent me word he could find no title to that land where my son Thomas lived therefore desired I would settle it on his son which request I granted as appears By the first paragraph in my will before this dated the Twenty Seventh of March 1732 Signed sealed published and declared before evidence and since my Grandson Thomas Smith Dyed before he was of age or married which was the conditions of giving it to him and therefore consequently descended to me and my heirs for ever I therefore empower my loving wife Mary Smith to dispose to the best bidder and to give a title to him or them that shall purchase the same to his or their heirs for ever. 
And whereas I have lately sold to Doctor Martini part of two or three small tracts of land on the Westermost part of Goose Creek high road which I have yet signed no title for an in case of my death I empower my wife Mary Smith to give him a title to him and his heirs for ever. 
And whereas Mr. Swinton of Wynyaw has in a triumphant manner writ me word that he was before hand with me in getting the Kings Grant fot two thousand acres of my land joyning on each side on Mr. Comander also Black River which was survey'd and platted first of all by Mr. Leagrand who could not finish it he having a misfortune by falling into a pitch hoole I got one Mr. Robertson one of Mr. St. Johns Deputys to resurvey and return the same as a sworn officer in part of my Landgraves Patent all this was done before Mr. Swintons undermining Title of which I complained in Governour Broughtons time who sent me such as answer as Mr. Swintons friends wont care to see I was also informed by Major Pawley that Captain Akeings had also under hand run out several hundred acres of my land that was returned me by virtue of my patent by the late Governour Broughton when surveyor general above twenty six years ago and some since returned by Mr. Young when surveyor general and taxes and rents always paid so that I trust and hope the succeding Government will not let my poor family suffer contrary to all Law & Equity and whereas I have laid out a Township on my Winyaw barony and have advertised to sell part of it and to give part of it to strangers according to my printed advertisement as also to rent out part I do authorize and empower my loving wife Mary Smith to sign such writings that either the purchasers or renters may be sure of a good title according to agreement made with her during her widowhood which title of hers I do confirm to them their heirs or trustees for ever for the use of any children that may have the land.

And where as I have reserved for myself twenty lots on the front of the said township which runs back to the first cross street.

Item I give unto my son Henry Smith and his heirs forever Two lots Sixteen and fourty six as appears in the model of the said town.

Item I give unto my Son Thomas Smith Two lots number thirteen and forty three as appears in the model of the said Town to him and his heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my son George Smith two lotts Number ten and forty as appears in the model of the said Town to him and his heirs for ever. 
Item I give unto my son Benjamin Smith two lotts number nineteen and forty nine as appears in the model of the said Town to him and his heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my loving wife Mary Smith two lotts number twenty two and fifty two as appears in the model of the said town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my daughter Ann Waring two lotts number twenty five and fifty five as appears in the model of the said town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my daughter Moore two lotts number twenty eight and fifty eight as appears in the model of the said town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my daughter Sarah Bower two lotts number seven and thirty seven as appears in the model of the same town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my daughter Mary Scriven two lotts number four and thirty four as appears in the model of the said town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto my daughter Elizabeth Smith two lotts number one and thirty one as appears in the model of the same town to her and her heirs for ever.

Item I give unto Doroty Bassett daughter of my good friend the Reverand Nathan Bassett one lot number one hundred and six as appears by the model of the same town to her and her heirs for ever.

And whereas I have thirty one grand children and great grandchildren I give unto each a town lott which amounts to thiry one lotts beginning at number three hundred and fronting Church Street to number three hundred and fifteen joyning Broad Street and from Number three hundred and thirty one to three hundred forty five on Broad Street and three hundred sixty one being the corner lot of the first Cross Street from Church Street as appears in the model of the said town which I give unto them and each of them and their heirs for ever to be drawn by lott. I also give unto my aforesaid grand children and great grand children two thousand acres of land to make each of them a small retiring country seat which two thousand acres of land is to begin from the back part of my barony that is near Santee River and to run towards Winyah River to join that land which I have by my Printed Advertisement given away to ministers and poor people and a free School Churches meeting houses & c. now the said land for my grandchildren to be drawn by lott which I give unto them and each of them and their heirs for ever and my further desire is that the above said lotts in the Town and the lands that I have given to my grand children and great grand children be divided by lott to each of them or their parents or guardians within six months after my decease for their use and their heirs for ever. And whereas in all probability my loving wife Mary Smith may live at Goose Creek during her life or widowhood and so will be ready to sign any titles that I may not sign accordingly to my printed promise (I do hereby empower her to give titles to any I have promised to them their heirs and successors for ever as to the remainder of my Winyah Barony that extends to the northward and southward of the said town.

Item I give and bequeath unto my sons Henry Smith, Thomas Smith, George Smith and Benjamin one thousand acres each which is to be run out in proportion to the north and south side of the Barony and then my son Henry to have his first choice, Thomas next, then George and Benjamin and seeing they are much under age, I do order and appoint my loving wife Mary Smith during her life and widowhood to take care and bring up my minor children as a parent and guardian in the Fear of God and to choose out this land for them according to my order. Now what is still more remaining of my Barony land I do empower my loving wife Mary Smith to sell to any purchaser that will but it and give him or them that shall purchase the same a title to them and their heirs for ever, but in case she cannot sell it to rent or lease it out for what term of years she pleaseth. And whereas I have titles to one thousand and four acres of swamp land which lies between Peedee & Waccamaw Rivers it is my will and I do give it to be equally divided between my four sons above named and my wife Mary Smith by Lott which I give to them and their heirs for ever.

Whereas I have an eleven hundred acres of land on Lawrence Island joining on Peedee & Waccamaw River & two thousand acres of land fronting Black River joining Mr. Commanders with a platt of forty -five acres of oak and hickory land all which I give to be equally divided between my son in law Benjamin Waring, my son in law James Scriven and to my daughter Elizabeth Smith to them and their heirs for ever.

And whereas there is one hundred forty eight acres left of my Goose Creek Plantation with fourty six acres of the westermost part of my second great marsh which I give unto my son Benjamin Smith and his heirs for ever. And whereas I have empowered my loving wife Mary Smith during her life or widowhood to sell and rent the lands according to the platt of the Town except such lotts as I have given away in my printed advertisement and do ratify and confirm what my wife may do in the premises which I confirm to such persons that she shall agree with to them and their heirs for ever and the neat produce of all money as she may receive I give unto my wife Mary Smith and all my children each of them a like part except one hundred pounds to the poor of the Reverand Nathan Bassetts Meeting in Charles Town to be distributed by the officers of the said meeting. Also fifty pounds to my cousin the Reverand Nathan Bassett. Also fifty pounds to my cousin the Reverand Josiah Smith. Also fifty pounds to my son in law Benjamin Waring. Also fifty pounds to my son in law James Scriven. Also fifty pounds to my cousin Archer Smith and to each of them and their children a town lott in the third Cross Street as their father shall chuise which I give to them and their heirs for ever.

Item Tis my will and I do give and bequeath unto my loving wife Mary Smith my silver powder box, tea pot, tea table and what belongs to it, also what bed and curtains she will choose with sheets pillows and pillowcase each two pair with the best chest of drawers quilt and blankets.

I also give and bequeath unto my loving wife Mary Smith, Cooper Andrew and his wife Moll and their three youngest children together with the sixth part of my cattle horses hogs sheep that is now in the plantation or shall be at my death also one sixth part of any of the household goods plate only excepted.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Ann Waring a large silver salver and to my daughter Justine Moore two silver spoons.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Scriven and my daughter Elizabeth Smith three hundred pounds each out of money that may become due out of the half way house land.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son Henry Smith, Thomas Smith, Mary Scriven and Elizabeth , George and Benjamin my whole personal estate except Mary which I give my loving wife Mary Smith during her life after which to descend to my son Henry Smith and two cows and calves to Sue, Mary's daughter to be delivered to Mary the mother of Sue to buy cloaths and necessaries for her and the said Sue to be free for her self after serving my wife Mary Smith to the age of eighteen years of age.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son Henry Smith my large silver tankard and my double barrel pistols and such a gun as he shall choose out of my guns and my silver hilted sword and two silver spoons.

Item I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Smith my silver tankard I bought of Mr. Weakley together with a fowling piece his second choice and one silver spoon.

Item I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Mary Smith my large silver spoon or ladle during her life and after her decease to go to my eldest son Henry Smith.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth my silver candlestick and one silver spoon. It is my will that the remainder of my plate not in particular given away I desire my wife Mary Smith to see it equally divided between my two youngest sons George and Benjamin Smith. It is my will that if either of my children should dye before they marry or come of age, then each such dying before they marry or come of age, then my will is that what is given them shall devolve to my loving wife Mary Smith and the rest of my surviving children and their heirs for ever. And whereas I have appointed my loving wife Mary Smith to be guardian to my children and to live at my Goose Creek Plantation and manage it till my son Henry Smith come of age provided she lives a widow, but in case she should alter her conditions then I desire my son in law Benjamin Waring my son in law James Scriven the Rev. Nathan Bassett and Josia Smith and my cousin Archer Smith or the majority of them to take my whole estate into their custody and follow the directions given my wife Mary Smith the before mentioned five gentlemen to be Executors to follow the instructions given in this my last will and testament. Signed sealed, published and declared by the said testator Thomas Smith for and as his last will and testament in the presence of us who also saw the said testator sign his name to the bottom of each page to the fifth page this third day of May in the year of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred thirty eight.

Of THOMAS (THE MARK S) SMITH

Be it known unto all men by these presents that whereas I Thomas Smith one of the Landgraves of South Carolina have made and declared my said Last Will and Testament in writing bearing date as in the fourth page of the annexed sheets I the said Thomas Smith do by these present codicil confirm and ratify my said Last Will and Testament and whereas there may be no dispute about my loving wife Mary Smith managing my estate and living at my Goose Creek Plantation or on any of my lands not given to them that are of age I do empower her to remove my hands any where she thinks fit in order to enlarge my personal estate and if she finds that it should please God to increase it more than will maintain her self and the children with her the overplus I would have put out to interest for the use of my minor family by my said wife Mary Smith during her widowhood and whereas there may be no dispute about the dividing my personal estate I do order my beloved wife Mary Smith to give each one of my children as they marry or come of age there part of my personal estate as may be divided to them by lott and my will and meaning is that this codicil or schedule be and be adjudged to be part and parcel of my Last Will and Testament and that all things herein contained and mentioned be faithfully and truly performed and as fully and amply in every respect as if the same were so declared and set down in my Last Will and Testament in witness I have set my hand and seal the day and year within mentioned.

Of THOMAS (THE MARK S) SMITH

Signed sealed and acknowledged in the presence of us who saw the testator Thomas Smith sign his name to this and all the within sheets. Chas. Filbren, Jos. Hurst, Sarah Filbin X her mark, James Elderton

And whereas there may some disadvantage arise to my children by not impowering my loving wife Mary Smith to lease or rent or improve my lands given to my children till they come of age, by virtue of this my Last Codicil I impower my loving wife Mary Smith during her widowhood and my executors or the majority of them to rent lease or improve my lands during the minority of my children as they shall think proper and whereas I have given my Wasmasaw lands to my loving wife Mary Smith my daughter Mary Scriven my daughter Elizabeth Smith my son Henry Smith my son Thomas Smith to be divided when my son Henry Smith comes of age. Notwithstanding my Will and pleasure now is that immediately after my desire the said land be divided and alloted by my loving wife Mary Smith executors with the majority of my executors as mentioned in my will and this second codicil be adjudged as part and parcel of my Last Will and Testament to be faithfully and truly performed in every respect as if the same were so declared and set down in my Last Will and Testament in Witness I have set my hand and seal this sixth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred thirty and eight.

THOMAS (HIS MARK) SMITH

Sealed and Acknowledged in the presence of : Chas. Filben ,John Filben, James Elderton 
Recorded 6th July 1739 
Recorded in Charleston County Will book 1736-40, page 292

Columbia Chapter, SCGS
Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina

 


SOUTH CAROLINA FAMILIES
The Smiths 
 



 

SOME SMITHS OF SOUTH CAROLINA

 From the files of Theresa M. Hicks 
Professional Genealogist

It would probably be rare today to find two brothers and/or two sisters in the same family who shared the same name, but this was not uncommon in earlier days. I don't know just how widespread the custom was earlier or exactly when it became unfashionable or, perhaps, discouraged because of superstition.

            The Landgrave Smith family had already confounded future genealogists with the several Thomas Smiths: the First Landgrave Thomas Smith (1648‑1694) who married first Barbara Atkins who died in 1687, and then Sabina de Vignon, the widow of John d'Arsens Seigneur de Wernhaut; and the Second Landgrave Thomas Smith (ca. 1670‑1738) who married first in 1690 Anna Cornelia Van Myddagh and second in 1713 Mary Hyrne (ca. 1690‑1776).

            The Second Landgrave Thomas Smith named two of his sons Thomas and two of his sons George. The first Thomas Smith, who married Dolly Dry in 1709, was born in 1691 and died in 1729. The second Thomas, who married Susannah Walker, was born in 1729 and died in 1782. The first George was born in 1693 and was deceased by 1730. He married twice‑- first to Rebecca Blake who died in 1719 and second to Elizabeth Allen. His brother, George, was born in 1732 and died underage and unmarried.

            The other children of Second Landgrave Thomas Smith were:

                        Anne Smith born 1695 died 1738 married (1) James Lawson (2) Benjamin Waring.

                        Barbara Smith born 1697 married by 1715 Edward Hyrne (of New Hanover, N.C.).

                        Sabina Smith born 1699 died 1734 married Thomas Smith, then Thomas Taylor.

                        Justina Smith born 1701 died 1743 married John Moore (of Cape Fear, N.C.).

                        Sarah Smith born 1702/3 married John Bowen.

                        Rebecca Smith born 1704, died young.

                        Rebecca Smith born 1705 died by 1738.

                        Joseph Blake Smith born 1707, died young.

                        Mary Hyrne Smith born 1717 died 1758 married James Screven.

                        Margaret Smith born 1720, died young.

                        Elizabeth Smith born 1722 died 1756 married Thomas Dixson (who married then Emile DeSaussure).

                        Josiah Smith born 1725 died young.

                        Edward Smith died young.

                        James Smith died young.

                        Henry Smith born 1727 died 1780 married Ann Filbein born 1736 died 1762, he married then in 1764 Elizabeth Ball born 1746 died 1787.

                        Benjamin Smith born 1735 died 1790 married 1759 Elizabeth Ann Harleston born 1742 died 1769; married in 1773 Catherine Ball born 1751 died 1774; married in 1775 Sarah Smith who died 1785; married in 1787 Rebecca Singleton (widow of Benjamin Coachman).

            There are two versions of the ancestry of Abigail Smith (1744‑1818) wife of President John Adams (1733/35‑1826), second president of the United States, and mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth president. One is that she was the granddaughter of William Smith (1666/67‑1735); the other is that she was the granddaughter of James Smith (brother of Thomas Smith (1648‑1694). Abigail Smith (1744-1818) was born in Weymouth, Mass., the daughter of the Rev. William Smith, minister of the Congregational church there. Her mother was Elizabeth Quincy (1721-1775). [Encarta, copyright Microsoft Corporation and Funk & Wagnall's Corporation]

            An early Charleston, South Carolina deed makes reference to a George Smith who executed his will in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and had a son, Archer Smith, of Goose Creek Parish, S.C. At that time, they believed that George Smith was possibly related to Landgrave Thomas Smith. He was! He was the First Landgrave Smith's son and brother of the Second Ladgrave. This George Smith was born ca. 1672/74 in Exeter, England, and died 1753 in Philadelphia. He married Dorothy Archer who died in 1732; married (2) Sarah Pert, widow of Thomas Grimball and Samuel Screven; married (3) Mary (surname not known to this researcher) of Philadelphia.

            It was this George Smith who had a son, Josiah Smith (1704‑1781), who married Elizabeth Darrell (1710‑1759). Their son, Josiah Smith, Jr., kept a diary for the years 1780‑1781 when he was one of the exiles from Charles Town during the British Occupation.

            The Landgrave Thomas Smith family intermarried with another family of Smiths. And from this union of the two Smith families, one Sabina Smith became the grandmother of the famous Robert Mills.

            Other early settlers in the state included Abraham Smith who arrived with the First Fleet on the Carolina. Other passengers on this ship were: Elizabeth Smith, Thomas Smith, Paul Smith, and Thomas Smith (Smyth).

            John Smith (Smyth) arrived in S.C. by 10 March 1675. He had a grant of 1,800 on Ashley River which included the later town of Dorchester and was dead by 1682, leaving a widow, Mary, who married Arthur Middleton, then Ralph Izard. He is not to be confused with another John Smith who was granted patents as a "Cassique" in 1682. This John Smith had a wife, Ann.

            Robert Smith, born in Worstead Parish, County Norfolk, England, was the first Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina. He married first Elizabeth Pagett, then Sarah Shubrick, and third Anna Maria Tilghman, widow of Charles Goldsboro of Maryland. The Right Rev. Robert Smith died in 1801 age 73. This was the same year that Mr. John Christian Smith, native of Wuerttemberg died at the age of 50, having been a resident in this country for 30 years.

            The Rev. Mr. Michael Smith was a "missionary" to the Parish of Prince Frederick, Winyaw in 1752. He left to go "north" in 1754, and when he came back, there was some question about his marital status. In 1759, his son, Daniel, was carried to him in Cape Fear, N.C.

            John Carraway Smith, a native of N.C. was living in South Carolina before the Revolution and moved before 1791 to Savannah, Georgia. He married Ann Deveaux, widow of Dr. James Brown. John Carraway Smith and his brother, Aaron Smith, served in the American Revolution.

            To try to sort out these Smiths is not unlike trying to solve the Rubic Cube. And in the end, it may lead to another surname entirely. In 1837, some of the children of James Smith (1761‑1835) and Marianna Gough, petitioned to change their names from Smith to Rhett, so that "the name of Rhett, in the grand Maternal line, now extinct, may be revived and preserved." Some of the family of Smith (now changed to Rhett) came to Columbia, S.C., where there were several other distinct Smith families already settled in what became the greater Columbia area and others in Lexington and Fairfield Counties.

            Stephen Smith who lived on Cedar Creek had a wife, Mollie, who ived to be 115 years old. Their son, Stephen Smith, married Mary Eve Hamiter. By this marriage, the Smiths became connected with the Turnipseeds, Ruffs, and DuBards.

            And then there were the Smyth Smiths. Bartlee Smyth married Caroline Neyle. He died before 1802, and she married later Nicholas Herbemont. Bartlee and his wife are buried at Trinity Episcopal (now Cathedral) Church in Columbia. Bartlee's father, Robert Smyth, died not long after his son. He owned the land on which the rectory of Trinity Church stood.

            The death of Dr. Thomas Stitt Smith is recorded in the records of St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish in 1734. He was, undoubtedly, the Thomas Stitsmith who had two tracts surveyed in what became Richland County. His widow, Anne, married James Pollard in 1735. By 1740, James Pollard and Anne were living in Cape Fear, North Carolina.

            Levi Smith, a native of Virginia, a Tory,, kept a store near McCord's Ferry.

            The Rev. Isaac Smith, a Methodist, preached in 1787 at Colonel Thomas Taylor's in Richland County.

            Peter Smith of Richland County named his wife, Sarah, in his will in 1797. Their daughter, Nancy, married Reuben Gill. Two of the Gill daughters married Martins. Peter Smith's land adjoined that of Thomas Harwell's in 1784 on Gills Creek. A portion of the Thomas Harwell land, located near what is now known as Lake Katherine, was reserved to be used as a cemetery for his descendants. Some of the surnames in the cemetery are: Daniels, Kelly, McDonald, Lorick, Wilhalf, Faust, Gilmore, Marsh, Dryer, Dreher, Devereux, Bowers, Campbell, Cook, Jones, Strange, Edge, Reed, Walker, Due, Barber, Perry.

            Stephen Smith came to South Carolina from Georgia in the late 1760's and lived in Orangeburg District (that part which later became Barnwell County). He married Martha Newman (dau. of Thomas Newman and Martha Shaw). Their children: Sarah Smith, married Thomas Galphin; Ann Smith married Richard Hankinson (2) ____ Lark; Eleanor Smith md. Stephen Collins, Stephen Smith b. 1776 d. 1840; Henrietta Smith md. _______ Robison; Elizabeth Smith b. 1786 d. 1788.

            The Bible of one Hugh Smith (1748‑1821) who married Elizabeth Anderson (1766‑ 1823) lists their children born between 1788 and 1798.  He may be the one enumerated in Georgetwon District, Prince Fredericks Parish in the 1790 census.

            There were at least two John Smiths who were contemporaries in the area which later became Marion County. One of these executed his will in 1797 naming his wife Mary and children: Samuel, John, Mary, James, Ann (Nancy), Elizabeth, Sarah, Martha, Mourning, Cealey. The marriages of these children allied the Smith family with the Berrys, Deers, Watsons, Buckholtz, Tarts, Finkleas, Maces, Bryants, Harrelsons, Thomases, and Molloys/Malloys.

            Jesse Smith, born 1751, died 1826, at Longs in Horry County. His wife, Mary, was born in 1755. His daughter, Margaret Smith, married John Patterson; another daughter, Sarah Smith, married John Reaves.

            There are numerous Smith families descended from William Smith who died 1819 in Williamsburg Co., S.C.

            Some Quaker families of Smiths moved from Pennsylvania to South Carolina. The records of some of the descendants are in Bush River Monthly Meeting; however, they settled mainly in Union and Spartanburg Counties. Also in Spartanburg, there was the Smith family from Virginia who settled in the vicinity of Glenn's Spring. See Landrum's History of Spartanburg County. And, here again, we find that some Smiths changed their name. John Winn Smith had his name changed to John Winsmith.

            Benjamin Smith born in 1767 died in Laurens County in 1815. He married Malinda Elizabeth Mitchell, and this couple bought the Nimrod Mitchell Land Grant of 1768/69 on Raburn's Creek. Their son, Benjamin Smith, Jr. became a Baptist Minister.

            The Benjamin Smith family of Old Pendleton District is discussed in Simpson's book of that area. The Newton Nimrod Smith Bible went from Anderson County, S.C. to Bartow County, Ga., to Hamilton Co., Tenn.

            Searching for Smiths? They are ubiquitous! Not only that, they may be using an alias! Or maybe they didn't exist at all.

Landgrave Thomas Smith and Smith Families of Charleston, S.C.

Thomas Smith d. ca. 1650. Md. Joane Atkins of Chard, Somerset, England (dau. of John Atkins). She md. ca. 1655 Aaron Atkins who d. 1670. Family was Presbyterian. Thomas Smith and Joane were the parents of I and II. Aaron Atkins and his first wife were the parents of III and IV. Aaron Atkins and Joane Atkins Smith Atkins were the parents of V, VI, VII, and VIII. [See SCHM Issue of July 1927; also Vol. 30.]

I.          The first Landgrave Thomas Smith (1648-1694). Came to S.C. 1684. 1690 Commission to Thomas Smith, one of the Caciques, appointing him Governor. In 1691, he was created a Landgrave. In 1693, he was appointed Governor. Will 1692; codicil 1693. Bequeathed to his friend Colonel Joseph Blake of Colleton County his patent for Landgrave "together with all the baronies, lands, privileges, and dignitites therunto belonging." His Barony was known as Wiskinboo. His will mentions "instruments that belonge to Chirurgery and medicines" and "brick house in Charlestowne cont: four roomes, one above another." He d. Nov., 1694, age 46. Md. Barbara Atkins bapt. 1650 and d. in 1687. In 1687/8 he was md. to Sabina de Vignon by the Rev. William Dunlap [Collections], the widow of John d'Arsens Seigneur de Wernhaut. She d. 1689.  Thomas and Barbara Smith were the parents of (A and B):

            A.        Thomas Smith b. 1664/70 d. 19 May 1738, bd. Goose Creek. Md. 1689/90 Anna Cornelia van Myddagh who d. ca. 1710 (a Belgian, and kinswoman of Sabina de Vignon). He then md. in 1713 Mary Hyrne b. ca. 1690 d. 1776. Her will dated 1769. He was the Second Landgrave Smith. Children by Anna Cornelia numbers 1-10. Children by Mary numbers 11-20. [See Charleston Deed Book VV.]

                        1.         Thomas Smith b. 1691 d. 1729 or will 1730 d. by 1738 md. 1709 Dolly Dry:

                                    a.         Thomas Smith d. by 1736

                        2.         George Smith b. 1693 bd. 12 Oct. 1730 of St. Andrew's d. intestate owned land in North and South Carolina md. 19 Mar. 1716 Rebecca Blake b. 1699 d. 1719. Md. 18 Dec. 1722 Elizabeth Allen (dau. of Andrew Allen): [See Charleston Deed Book TT.]:

                                    a.         Elizabeth Smith b. 1724 d. inf.

                                    b.         George Smith d. inf.

                                    c.         Anne Smith b. 1726 md. the Rev. James Edmonds

                                    d.         Jane Smith b. 1728 md. Charles Faucheraud

                                    e.         Sarah Smith md. Charles Hill who d. 1751, then md. Benjamin Coachman who d. 1779:

                                                (1)        Ann Coachman 1776-1791 md. Charles Glover 1756-1817

                                                (2)        Benjamin Coachman d. 1785 md. Rebecca Singleton. She md. then Benjamin Smith (1735-1790). She d. 1814.

                                                (3)        Harriet Coachman md. ________ Scott

                                                (4)        Sarah Coachman md. Charles DuPont

                        3.         Anne Smith b. 1695 d. 1738 md. James Lawson (will 1715 then of Maryland), then md. Benjamin Waring b. 1690 d. 1739. [See S.C. Bay Vol. 2.]

                        4.         Barbara Smith b. 1697 md. by 1715 Edward Hyrne b. ca. 1694 d. 1750/58, of New Hanover, N.C.

                        5.         Sabina Smith b. 1699 d. 1734 md. 1714 Thomas Smith b. 1691 d. 1723/4 md. then Thomas Taylor: [See these children also in the line of Thomas Smith b. 1691 d. 1723/4; also as the grandchildren of Mary Hyrne Smith.]

                                    a.         Benjamin Smith (1717-1770)

                                    b.         Thomas Smith (1720-1790)

                                    c.         Ann Smith d. young

                                    d.         Sabina Smith md. Andrew Taylor

                        6.         Justina Smith b. 1701 d. 1743 md. 1719 John Moore d. 1729, of Cape Fear, N.C.:

                                    a.         James Moore

                                    b.         John Moore

                                    c.         Rebecca Moore md. _________ Hamilton

                        7.         Sarah Smith b. 1702/3 md. John Bowen

                        8.         Rebecca Smith b. 1704 d. infant

                        9.         Rebecca Smith b. 1705 d. by 1738

                        10.       Joseph Blake Smith b. 1707 d. young

                        11.       Mary Hyrne Smith b. 1717 d. 1758 md. 1736 James Screven b. 1706 d. 1758:

                                    a.         Daughter Screven (Elizabeth, Mary, or Barbara) md. James Brisbane

                                    b.         Thomas Smith Screven b. 1741 d. 1804 md. 4 times

                                    c.         James Screven b. 1743 d. 1778 md. Mary Odengsells (variant spellings)

                                    d.         Martha Screven b. 1747 md. William Baker

                                    e.         John Screven b. 1750 d. 1801 md. twice

                        12.       Margaret Smith b. 1720 d. young

                        13.       Elizabeth Smith b. 1722 d. 1756 md. Thomas Dix(s)on (will 1769). He md. then Emile DeSaussure. Of James Island, St. Andrew's Parish:

                                    a.         Elizabeth Dixon

                                    b.         Rebecca Dixon

                                    c.         Mary Dixon

                                    d.         Thomas Dixon

                                    e.         John Dixon

                                    f.          Harriet Dixon

                                    g.         Emile Dixon

                        14.       Josiah Smith b. 1725 d. young

                        15.       Edward Smith d. young

                        16.       James Smith d. young

                        17.       Henry Smith (inherited title of Landgrave) b. 6 Aug. 1727 d. 8 Dec. 1780 md.  Sep., 1753 Ann Filbein b. 1736 d. 1762. Md. 1764 Elizabeth Ball b. 1746 d. 30 Apr. 1787. Of Goose Creek:

                                    a.         Mary Hyrne Smith b. 1755 d. 1756

                                    b.         Thomas Smith b. 3 June 1757 d. 21 Nov. 1822. Of Westoe. Md. 23 Nov. 1775 Edith Smith b. 1755 d. 14 July 1812 md. 1815 Jane Morgan b. 1787 d. 1836:

                                                (1)        George Henry Smith b. 1 Sep. 1793 d. 26 Aug. 1848, bd. Yeamans Hall. Md. (1) Maria Day d. 19 Aug. 1836 md. (2) 4 Oct. 1837 Eliza Fishburne Lockwood b. 22 Aug. 1815 d. 7 Sep. 1891.

                                                            (a)        Thomas W. Smith b. 1822 d. 1824

                                                            (b)        Susan Mary Day Smith b. 25 Dec. 1823 d. 27 Oct. 1871 md. 1 Feb. 1849 Thomas Postell Lockwood

                                                            (c)        Thomas Henry Smith b. 27 June 1840

                                                            (d)        Elizabeth S. Smith b. 8 Feb. 1842 md. William Stevens Brown

                                    c.         John Filbein Smith b. 1759 d. 1760

                                    d.         Anne Filbein Smith b. 1761 md. John Smith Waring, Jr. b. 1757 d. 1786. She md. (2) Henry Bonsall

                                    e.         Henry Smith b. 1765 d. 1766

                                    f.          Son Smith b. & d.

                                    g.         Catherine Smith b. 1768 d. 1836 md. John Ernest Poyas [John Ernest Poyas md. Rachel dau. of Daniel Bourget]

                                    h.         Elizabeth Smith b. 1770 d. 1846 (Her aunt was Mrs. Ann Waring b. 1754 d. 1826)

                                    i.          Judith Ann Smith b. 1771 d. inf.

                                    j.          Harriet Smith b. 1772 d. 1822 md. Richard Scott

                                    k.         Mary Ann Smith b. 1774 d. 1825 (Her aunt was Mrs. Ann Waring b. 1754 d. 1826)

                                    l.          Sarah Smith b. 1776 d. young

                                    m.        Jane Ball Smith b. 1778 d. 1778

                        18.       Thomas Smith b. 1729 d. 1782 md. 1751 Susannah Walker:

                                    a.         Mary Hyrne Smith b. 1754 d. 1765

                                    b.         Edward Hyrne Smith b. 1761 d. 1766

                                    c.         Robert Smith md. Elizabeth Withers:

                                                (1)        Elizabeth Smith md. _________ Cheeseboro

                                                (2)        Maria Louisa Smith md. Dr. Samuel Cordes

                                    d.         Henry Smith md. _______ Bealer

                                    e.         Susannah Smith b. 1778 md. _______ Bruce, then md. Andrew Smiley

                        19.       George Smith b. 1732 d. an infant, underage and unmd. [See Charleston Deed Books QQ & VV.]

                        20.       Benjamin Smith b. 15 Sept. 1735 d. 22 July 1790. Md. 20 Dec. 1759 Elizabeth Ann Harleston b. 1742 d. 1769. Md. 1773 Catherine Ball b. 1751 d. 1774. Md. 1775 Sarah Smith who d. 1785 (dau. of George Smith). Md. 1787 Rebecca Singleton Coachman (widow of Benjamin Coachman) who d. 1814:

                                    a.         Thomas Smith b. 1760 d. 1821 md. 1788 Esther Screven b. 1765 d. 1801 md. then Mary Buchanan md. then Frances Baker (nee Withers)

                                    b.         Sarah Smith b. 1762

                                    c.         Mary Hyrne Smith b. 1765 d. 1768

                                    d.         Elizabeth Smith b. 1770 d. 1780

                                    e.         Benjamin Smith b. & d. 1774

                                    f.          Benjamin Smith b. 1776

                                    g.         George Harleston Smith b. 1780

                                    h.         Sarah Elizabeth Smith b. 1782

                                    i.          Catherine Smith b. 1783

            B.         George Smith, M.D. b. 1672 or September, 1674, Exeter, England d. March, 1753, Philadelphia. M.D. Degree 1700 in Scotland. Lived at one time in Jamaica. Md. Dorothy Archer (daughter of John Archer of Jamaica) who d. 24 Jan. 1732. Md. then Sarah Witter widow of the Rev. William Pert/Peart, also widow of Thomas Grimball and Samuel Screven. After her death, he md. Mary _____ of Philadelphia. He was willed the brick house in Charles Town by his father. No children from the second or third marriage. Family:

                        1.         Archer/Archar Smith b. 1702 - will 1760. Md. Edith Waring, daughter of Benjamin Waring d. 1713. Of Goose Creek: [See Charleston Deed Book QQ.]

                                    a.         Dorothy Smith bapt. 1733 d. by 1760

                                    b.         Thomas Smith d. young

                                    c.         Archer Smith b. 1734 - will 1769 md. Mary. Mentions 2 lots and house in Dorchester:

                                                (1)        Thomas Smith (inherited plantation at Beech Hill)

                                                (2)        Ann Smith

                                    d.         George Smith (will 1786, merchant) md. Elizabeth Waring: [See S.C. Equity - Richardson Vol. III p. 466.]

                                                (1)        John Smith

                                                (2)        Archer Smith d. 1804/5 md. 1776 Florence Waring md. (2) Mary Anne:

                                                            (a)        Mary Anne b. 1784 md. 1803 Thomas Smith Screven, Jr.

                                                (3)        Daniel Smith

                                                (4)        George Smith md. 1783 Elizabeth Smith (dau. of Josiah Smith):

                                                            (a)        Sarah E. Smith md. Charles T. Brown

                                                (5)        Savage Smith md. Elizabeth Cuttino (his 2nd wife)

                                                (6)        Edith Smith b. 1755 md. 1775 Thomas Smith b. 1757 d. 1821 (son of Henry Smith (1727-1780)

                                                (7)        Sarah Smith d. 1785 md. 1775 as his 3rd wife Benjamin Smith (son of Thomas (1670-1738)

                                    e.         John Smith md. Ann Odingsell (dau. of Charles and Ann Grimball Odingsell) of Antiqua. She md. then 2 Mar. 1725 Benjamin D'Harriette. Ann d. 1754. Benjamin md. then Martha Widdicomb, widow of James Fowler (will 1753). Benjamin d. 17 Feb. 1756.  Martha d. 1760. Children:

                                                (1)        John Smith

                                                (2)        James Smith

                                                (3)        George Smith

                                    f.          Daniel Smith

                                    g.         Sarah Smith md. 1745 Benjamin Waring b. 1723 d. 1763

                                    h.         Susannah Smith md. 1745 Thomas Waring who d. 1764; she md. then Elijah Postell:

                                                (1)        Thomas Waring

                                                (2)        Edith Waring

                                                (3)        Ann Waring

                        2.         Josiah Smith b. 25 Dec. 1704 d. 19 Oct. 1781, Philadelphia. Md. Elizabeth Darrell b. 1710 d. 1759. He was ordained 1726 as a Presybterian Minister. Graduated Harvard, Mass. in 1725. Lived at one time in Bermuda:

                                    a.         Josiah Smith, Jr. b. Cainhoy, St. Thomas Parish 15 Sep. 1731 d. 12 Feb. 1826, Charleston, S.C. md. 15 Apr. 1758 Mary Stevens b. 1741 d. 1795 (dau. of Dr. Samuel Stevens & Mary Smith):

                                                (1)        Elizabeth Smith b. 19 Feb. 1759 d. 30 July 1759

                                                (2)        Samuel Smith b. 21 Feb. 1761 d. 1829 md. Caroline Tennent

                                                (3)        Mary Smith b. 24 Feb. 1762 d. unmd. in 1834

                                                (4)        Elizabeth b. 6 Jan. 1765 d. 1811 md. Dec., 1783 her cousin George Smith, Jr.

                                                (5)        Josiah Smith b. 1767 d. 1780

                                                (6)        William Stevens Smith b. 1773 d. 20 Aug. 1837 md. 24 Mar. 1796 Juliette Lee Waring b. 1777 d. 1817

                                                (7)        Edward Darrell Smith b. 1777 d. 1819, Mo. md. 11 Nov. 1802 Sarah Tucker North

                                                (8)        Ann Martha b. 16 Sep. 1780 d. 31 Oct. 1859 md. 1 Nov. 1801 Charles Tennent b. 1774 d. 1838

                                    b.         Ann Smith b. 1743 d. 1818 md. 15 May 1770 Edward Darrell b. 1747 d. 1797

                                    c.         Martha (Patty) Smith md. Jan. 1770 Daniel Bordeaux, Esq., merchant

                                    d.         George Smith (will 1784) md. Mary (will 1795):

                                                (1)        Josiah Smith

                                                (2)        George Smith

                        3.         Thomas Smith

                        4.         Mary Smith md. the Rev. Nathan Bassett, then md. 16 Apr. 1744 John Dart, Charleston merchant who d. 16 Nov. 1754. He had md. (1) Hannah Livingston d. 1742, widow of the Rev. William Livingston. John Dart md. 24 Apr. 1746 Mary Hext, a widow.

 

                        Children of Thomas Grimball (will 1721) and Sarah Witter (dau. of James Witter):

                                    Paul Grimball

                                    Thomas Grimball

                                    Isaac Grimball

                        Children of Samuel Screven (will 1731) and Sarah Witter (dau. of James Witter):

                                    William Screven md. Sarah

                                    James Screven md. Mary Hyrne Smith:

                                                General James Screven

                                                Thomas Smith Screven

                                                Martha Screven md. William Baker

                                                Elizabeth Screven md. James Brisbane

                                                John Screven md. Eliz. Pendarvis

                                    Mary Screven md. Thomas Dixon

II.         James Smith. Minister. Moved to Boston. [Some sources claim that Abigail Smith (1744-1818), wife of President John Adams (1733/35-1826), was the granddaughter of this James Smith.]

III.       Barbara Atkins

IV.       John Atkins

V.        Aaron Atkins

VI.       Richard Atkins

VII.      Joanna Atkins

VIII.     Ellen Atkins

Thomas Smith md. 1662 Sarah Boylston; she d. by 1715. This line is questioned. See article in SCHM by Langdon Cheves.

.seq level1 \h \r0           Sarah Smith b. 1664 d. 1664

II.         Thomas Smith b. 1665 d. 1690 at sea md. Elizabeth Schenckingh d. 1751 age 81 (dau. of Barnard and Elizabeth Schenckingh). He of Massachusetts. She md. then William Smith, merchant - will 30 Aug. 1710. [See Charleston Deed Book OO.]

            A.        Thomas Smith b. 1691 d. 1723/4 (Only son of first marriage - which marriage Langdon Cheves does not believe took place. He believed Thomas was a son of William. However, note that William below is identified as the eldest son of William Smith.) Md. 1714 Sabina Smith b. 1699 d. 1734 (dau. of Thomas Smith (1670-1738). She md. then Thomas Taylor. See also Evolution of a Federalist, Rogers:

                        1.         Benjamin Smith b. 1717 d. 29 July 1770, Speaker of the Commons House of Assembly, md. 1740 Ann Laughton who d. 29 Feb. 1760. Md. 20 Oct. 1760 Mary Wragg (dau. of Joseph Wragg and Judith DuBosc. Judith Wragg d. 1769):

                                    a.         Thomas Laughton Smith b. 1741 - will 1771 md. 1763 Elizabeth Inglis (dau. of George Inglis):

                                                (1)        Elizabeth Smith md. David Campbell

                                                (2)        Ann Laughton Smith md. Thomas Fraser

                                                (3)        Claudia Smith md. Henry Izard

                                                (4)        Maria Smith md. (1) John Deas, Jr. (2) Dr. John Ramsay

                                                (5)        Catherine Smith

                                                (6)        Harriet Smith md. (1) John Poaug (2) William Crafts

                                    b.         John Smith b. 1743 d. young

                                    c.         Ann Smith b. 1745 md. 1763 Isaac Motte

                                    d.         Susannah Smith md. 1775 Barnard Elliott (d. 1778) md. then Patrick Carnes

                                    e.         William Laughton Smith b. 1758 d. 1812 md. 1786 Charlotte Izard b. 1770 d. 1792. Md. (2) Charlotte Wragg:

                                                (1)        Ralph Smith b. 1785 d. 1824

                                                (2)        George Smith b. 1786 d. 1828

                                                (3)        Thomas Laughton Smith d. 1817

                                                (4)        Anne Caroline Smith md. Peter Pederson

                                                (5)        Elizabeth Wragg Smith md. Thomas Osborn Lowndes

                                                (6)        William Wragg Smith b. 1808 d. 1875

                                    f.          Catherine Smith d. young

                                    g.         Benjamin Wragg Smith (by 2nd marriage) d. young

                                    h.         Judith Smith (by 2nd marriage) md. James Ladson

                                    i.          Mary Smith (by 2nd marriage) md. John Gibbes

                                    j.          Sabina Smith (by 2nd marriage) d. young

                                    k.         Charlotte Smith (by 2nd marriage) d. young

                                    l.          Joseph Allen Smith b. 1769 d. 1828 (by 2nd marriage)

                        2.         Thomas Smith b. 1719/20 d. 21 Aug. 1790 (of Broad Street) md. 1744 Sarah Moore b. 1728 d. 1774 (dau. of Roger Moore (1694-d. by 1753) md. 1721 Catherine Rhett (dau. of William and Sarah (Cooke) Rhett):

                                    a.         Roger Moore Smith b. 4 Aug. 1745 d. 30 July 1805 md. 1768 Mary Rutledge b. 1747 d. 1832/37. He was a Revolutionary Soldier:

                                                (1)        Thomas Rhett Smith b. 1768 d. 1829 md. 1795 Ann Rebecca Skirving b. 1778:

                                                            (a)        William Skirving Smith b. 1799 md. 1819 Elizabeth Sarah McPherson b. 1795 d. 1858:

                                                                        i)          Cornelia McPherson Smith b. 1823 d. 1891 md. 1853 Alfred Raul (?) M.D. b. 1815 d. 1885 [DAR Papers]

                                                (2)        Roger Moore Smith b. 1770 d. 1808

                                                (3)        Sarah Rutledge Smith

                                                (4)        Mary Rutledge Smith b. 1772 d. 1774

                                                (5)        Caroline Smith b. 1773 md. Charles Rutledge

                                                (6)        John Rutledge Smith b. 1775 md. 1799 Susan E. Ladson

                                                (7)        Benjamin Burgh Smith b. 1776 d. 1823 md. 1803 Ann Stock

                                                (8)        Hugh Rutledge Smith b. 1778 d. 1780

                                                (9)        Andrew Smith b. 1779 d. 1782

                                                (10)      Mary Sabina Smith b. 1783 d. 1784

                                                (11)      Anna Mariah Smith b. 1785 md. Charles Parker

                                                (12)      Edward Nutt Smith b. 1785 d. 1786

                                    b.         Thomas Smith b. 1748 d. 1749

                                    c.         Benjamin Smith b. 1749 d. 1750

                                    d.         William Smith

                                    e.         Sarah Smith b. 1752 d. 1 June 1784 md. John McKenzie, then md. 16 Mar. 1773 Thomas Bee b. 1739 d. 1812. Thomas Bee had md. (1) in 1761 Susannah Holmes who d. 1771 md. (3) in 1786 Susannah Bulline.

                                    f.          Peter Smith b. 1754 d. 1821 md. 1776 Mary Middleton

                                    g.         Benjamin Smith b. 1757 d. 1826 md. 1777 Sarah Dry

                                    h.         Rhett Smith b. 1759 d. 1760

                                    i.          James Smith b. 1761 d. 1835 md. 1791 Marianna Gough:

                                                (1)        Sarah Smith b. 1792

                                                (2)        Elizabeth Smith b. 1793

                                                (3)        Thomas Moore Smith* b. 6 Nov. 1794 d. 26 Dec. 1860 md. 20 Feb. 1823 Caroline Barnwell b. 1805 d. 1876

                                                (4)        Mary Barnwell Smith b. 1796

                                                (5)        James Henry/Hervey Smith* b. 1797 d. 1855 md. 1818 Charlotte Haskell (dau. of Elnathan anc C. Thomson Haskell)

                                                (6)        Benjamin Rhett Smith* b. 1797

                                                (7)        Marianna Smith b. 1799

                                                (8)        Robert Barnwell Smith* b. 1800

                                                (9)        Claudia Smith b. 1802

                                                (10)      Emma Smith b. 1803

                                                (11)      Alfred Smith b. 1805

                                                (12)      William Rhett Smith b. 1807

                                                (13)      Edmund/Edward Smith* b. 1808

                                                (14)      Albert Moore Smith* b. 1810 md. Elizabeth Barnwell Smith b. 1814

                                                *Those marked petitioned in 1837 to change their names from Smith to Rhett ...that the name of Rhett, in the grand Maternal line, now extinct, may be revived and preserved.

                                    j.          Mary Smith b. 1764 md. 1784 John Faucheraud Grimke b. 1752 d. 1819

                                    k.         Anne Smith b. 1765 md. Hugh Rutledge

                                    l.          Rhett Smith b. & d. 1767

                        3.         Ann Smith

                        4.         Sabina Smith md. Andrew Taylor: [Mentioned in will of brother, Benjamin Smith 1770]

                                    a.         Ann Taylor md. William Mills:

                                                (1)        Robert Mills

            B.         William Smith, eldest son, planter of St. Philips, d. 1741 md. Elizabeth Williamson:

                        1.         Elizabeth Smith md. Nicholas Burnham

                        2.         Sarah Smith

                        3.         Rebecca Smith

                        4.         Margaret Smith md. 1756 Thomas Evance b. ca. 1730 d. 1777:

                                    a.         Margaret Evance b. 1765 md. Charles Cantey

                                    b.         Charlotte Evance b. 1767 d. 1826 md. Thomas Cordes b. 1753 d. 1806

                                    c.         Thomas William Evance b. 1770 d. 1770

                                    d.         Rebecca Evance

            C.        John Smith of Colleton Co. d. 1753 md. Margaret Williamson:

                        1.         Andrew Smith

                        2.         Joseph Smith

                        3.         Ann Smith md. Elijah Prioleau:

                                    a.         Margaret Prioleau

                                    b.         Samuel Prioleau

                                    c.         John Prioleau

                        4.         Phebe Smith - will 1780 md. Thomas Farr - will 1775:

                                    a.         Thomas Farr

                                    b.         John Farr

                                    c.         Nathaniel Farr

                                    d.         Joseph Farr

                        5.         Charlotte Smith - will 1776

                        6.         Catherine Smith md. John Waring:

                                    a.         John Waring

                                    b.         Peter Waring

                                    c.         Richard Waring

                                    d.         Benjamin Waring

                        7.         Amarinthia Smith md. Benjamin Elliott. He had md. (1) in 1750 Mary Odingsell.

            D.        Anne Smith d. 1743 md. 1738 Thomas Dale

            E.         Catherine Smith (will 1761) md. 1749 William Greenland

            F.         Amarinthia Smith b. 31 Oct. 1696 d. before 1732 md. 1719 Benjamin Gibbes who d. 1721. She md. then Peter Taylor (d. 1 Oct. 1765) whose second wife Mary d. 1759. He md. then 21 Oct. 1762 Mrs. Ann (Moore) Swann (dau. of Robert Moore & Catherine Rhett, and widow of John Swann of Cape Fear, N.C.)  Inscription St. James, Goose Creek: Peter Taylor, Esq. d. 1 Oct. 1765, aged 67 years. And by him lies his first wife, Mrs. Amarentia Taylor and their son Joseph:

                        1.         Sarah Taylor

                        2.         Joseph Taylor

            G.        Benjamin Smith d. an infant and unmd.

III.       William Smith b. 1666/67 d. 1735. Of Massachusetts. [Some sources claim that Abigail Smith (1744-1818), wife of President John Adams (1733/35-1826), was the granddaughter of this William Smith.]

IV.       John Smith b. 1670/d. 1688

V. Son Smith b. 1681

 

Major William Smith, vintner, in S.C. by 1694 b. 1674 d. 29 May 1721. Children:

Ann Smith b. 10 June 1690 d. 27 Aug. 1758 md. 11 July 1708 Nathaniel Partridge d. May, 1722

Rebecca Smith b. 21 Dec. 1693

William Smith b. 10 May 1696 d. 29 June 1753

Sarah Smith b. 1 Jan. 1698


— Medway Plantation, East Elevation © Brandon Coffey —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

 

Basic Information

Located three miles east of US 52 on Medway Road

  • Origin of name – Wanda W. Smith shares, "It has always been my understanding that the plantation was named "Medway" after the Medway River that flows near Exeter, England, the home of Thomas Smith, the first Landgrave [a Landgrave was the head of a territory] (15)."

While other sources note the plantation received its name for its location along the Medway River which is now called the Back River (11, p. 62).

  • Other names – Jan Van Arrsen's House

  • Current status – Privately owned, not open to the public; home to many bird colonies and protected with conservations easements prohibiting commercial development


— Gate at Medway Plantation © Brandon Coffey, 2013 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

 

Timeline

  • 1686 – Earliest known date of existence

John D'Arrsens [some sources note his name as Jan Van Arrsen, Seigneur De Weirnhoudt], from Holland, was granted 12,000 acres of land and all the rights of Barony by the Lords Proprietors. This property would be known as Whiskinboo Barony. D'Arrsens had 2,100 acres laid out to be developed into his manor, Medway (3, p. 2).

  • 1686 – Brick house built by John D'Arrsens (3, p. 2) (11, p. 45)

  • 1689 – John D'Arrsens died a short time after acquiring the grant and his widow married Thomas Smith. D'Arrsens' land holdings were granted by the Lords Proprietors to Thomas Smith, Landgrave (a Landgrave was the head of a territory) (1) (7, XII: 25) (11, p. 45).

  • 1694 – Landgrave Thomas Smith died and is buried at Medway Plantation. Smith left all his property to his son, the second Landgrave Thomas Smith (7, XII: 25) (11, pp. 45-46).

  • ? – Elizabeth and Edward Hyrne acquired the property.

  • 1704 – The house burned (5, p. 18).

  • 1705 – New house built by Elizabeth and Edward Hyrne (5, p. 18).

  • ? – The Hyrnes encountered legal and financial woes. These including never obtaining a clear title to the Medway property. As a result, Medway was returned to Thomas Smith II (5, p. 19).

  • ? – Thomas Drayton owned the plantation and sold it to John Bee Holmes (1).

  • 1797 – Holmes did not pay his taxes and Medway was sold by the sheriff to Theodore Samuel Marion (8, p. 68).

  • 1827 – Theodore Samuel Marion died willing his estate to Theodore Samuel Dubose, his grandson (1).

Marion added a second story to the house and his wife, Jane Porcher, is credited for planting the large trees around the house (1).

  • ? – "Carolina Grey" brick was produced at Medway and was used in the building of Fort Sumter (11, p. 64).

  • 1833 – Peter Gaillard Stoney purchased Medway (1).

  • 1855 – Stoney added a wing to the house (1).

  • 1906 – Samuel Gaillard Stoney bought the plantation from the estate of his uncle, Peter Gaillard Stoney (8, p. 69).

  • 1929 – Medway was sold to Sidney and Gertrude Legendre for $100,000. They added extensively to the outbuildings and improved the interior of the house (1) (13).

  • Medway Plantation has been declared an Important Bird Area by Audubon for the Red-cockaded Woodpeckers, Bald Eagles, Wood Ducks, and wintering Ring-necked Ducks that make the plantation their home. 

  • 2000 – Bokara Legendre inherited the plantation from her mother (13).

  • 2012 – Tradeland Investors Inc., owned by Gregory Callimanopulos and his family, purchased the plantation for $11 million dollars. The plantation had originally been placed for sale in 2004 for $25 million (13).


— Etching of Medway Plantation, Circa 1915 —
(The Romance of Lower Carolina, p. 34)

 

Land

  • Number of acres – 2,100 in 1689; 6,695 in 2012

  • Primary crops – Brick and rice early on. Much of the brick used in the construction of Fort Sumter came from Medway. Rice production ended in 1865 and then Medway became a cotton plantation (11, p. 64).

  • The plantation boasts two avenue of oaks (14)

  • An old race track can still be traced on the grounds from when Peter Stoney raised thoroughbred horses (1).

  • The cemetery is very close to the old house, which is now shaded by giant oaks and climbing ivy. The graves of Thomas Smith, Sabina Smith, Sidney Hennings Legendre, Reverend Elias Prioleau, and Samuel Prioleau are located there (1).

  • Many ghosts are said to walk inside the low-ceiling rooms with the large fireplaces and narrow windows. At one of the windows, it is said, one can see the shadowy image of a lady who sits and waits for the return of her husband. Some have claimed to have seen an old gentleman seated in front of the fireplace smoking his pipe.

  • The plantation contains a formal garden laid out in the early 1900s.


— Medway Plantation, West Elevation © Brandon Coffey, 2013 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

 

Owners

  • Alphabetical list – Ball; Chapman; John D'Arrsens (1686); DeVignon; DeWeivnhoudt; Thomas Drayton; Theodore Samuel Dubose (1827-?); Durant; Frank; Fripp; James Hasell; John Bee Holmes (?-1797); Elizabeth and Edward Hyrne (1705); Bokara Legendre (2000-2012); Sidney and Gertrude Legendre (1929-2000); Aaron Loocock; Theodore Samuel Marion (1797-1827); Philbrick; Prioleau; Abraham Satur; Thomas Smith; Thomas Smith II; Spears; Stevens; Peter Gaillard Stoney (1833-?); Samuel Gaillard Stoney (1906-?); Tradeland Investors Inc. (2012-present); Sabina de Vignonm (1686); James Wathen; John Wright

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – ?

We are actively seeking information on the slaves who lived and worked at this plantation. If you find a resource that might help, please fill out this form. Thank you.


— Medway Plantation Statue © Brandon Coffey, 2013 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

 

Buildings

  • The house remains and is reported to be the oldest masonry house in South Carolina. A second floor addition and wings were later added (3, p. 2).

  • The plantation contains a number of 19th century auxiliary buildings, including a plantation school and servants' houses.

  • Brandon Coffey shares that lore suggests the reason the roof line was designed with a stair-step gables to allow evil spirits to be able walk away from the house easily and leave it in peace (14).


— Medway Plantation Avenue of Oaks © Brandon Coffey, 2013 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

 

References & Resources

  1. Brief history of Medway Plantation from the South Carolina TriCounty Genealogy Site: Click here

  2. Audubon Site Profile - source no longer available online

  3. National Register of Historic Places
    – Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1970
    – Photographs, architectural overview

  4. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  5. William P. Baldwin Jr., Plantations of the Low Country (Westbrook, ME: Legacy Publishing, 1994)

  6. Virginia Christian Beach, Medway (Charleston, SC: Wyrick and Company, 1998)

  7. Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
      Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965 
      Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII

  8. John Beaufain Irving, A Day on Cooper River (1842) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2010)

  9. SC Highway Historical Marker Guide - online database by the SC Department of Archives & History

  10. Catherine Campart Messmer, South Carolina's Low Country - A Past Preserved Text (Orangeburg, SC: Sandlapper Publishing, 1988)

  11. J. Russell Cross, Historic Ramblin's through Berkeley (Columbia, SC: R.L. Bryan Company, 1985)
      Order Historic Ramblin's through Berkeley

  12. News & Courier Newspaper (predecessor to the Charleston Post & Courier) February 26, 1933 issue reprint of Free South April 4, 1863 listing of St. Helena Island plantation sales prior to the Civil War

  13. Historic Medway Plantation in South Carolina Sells for US$11 Million, (April 12, 2012) 

  14. Information contributed by Brandon Coffey.

  15. Information contributed by Wanda Smith.


— Medway Plantation West Elevation © Brandon Coffey, 2013 —



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Loch Dhu Plantation in CrossRedcliffe Plan

Medway or the Medway Plantation is a plantation in Mount Holly, South Carolina within Berkeley County, South Carolina. It is about 2 mi (3.2 km) east of U.S. Route 52 from the unincorporated community of Mount Holly, which is directly north of Goose Creek, South Carolina. It was named to the National Register of Historic Places on July 16, 1970.[1][2][3][4][5]

Jan Van Arrsens, the Seigneur of Wernhaut (also "Weirnhoudt"), led a small group of settlers from Holland to the province of Carolina around 1686. He built his house on the Back River, which was formerly called the "Meadway" or "Medway" and is a tributary of the Cooper River. Van Arrsens died soon after his arrival and was buried at Medway.[3][6]

His widow, Sabrina de Vignon, married Landgrave Thomas Smith around 1687, which made Smith one of the wealthiest men in the Province. Sabrina Smith died in 1689 and was buried at Medway. Thomas Smith was appointed governor of the Province of Carolina in 1693. He died in 1694 and was also buried at Medway.[3][6]

After his death, the plantation went to his son, Thomas Smith II. In 1701, Smith sold it to Edward Hyrne. When Hyrne failed to pay the mortgage in 1711, it reverted to Thomas Smith II. It was sold numerous times in the 18th century. Eventually, it was purchased by Theodore Samuel Marion, who was a nephew of Francis Marion, member of the South Carolina Provincial Congress and a prominent figure in the American Revolution. In 1827, it passed on to his grandson, Theodore Samuel DuBose. In the period 1833 to 1835, Dubose sold it to his brother-in-law Peter Gaillard Stoney, who also owned the West Point Rice Mill in Charleston.[6]

During Stoney's ownership, Medway Plantation was productive winter and summer. In the summer, rice was the principal work. During the winter, brick-making was a major activity. Medway and other plantations in the area produced "Carolina Grey" bricks from the local clay along the river bank. Medway's bricks were used in constructing buildings in Charleston and were some of bricks used to build Fort Sumter. The plantation also produced timber and some naval stores. Finally, the plantation was used for recreational hunting.[6][7]

In 1906, it was purchased by Samuel Gaillard Stoney, who was a nephew of Peter Gaillard Stoney.[3][6] John Bennett (1865–1956), who was a friend of Samuel and his wife, Louisa, used Medway as the setting for his novel The treasure of Peyre Gaillard.[8] A son of Samuel and Louisa Stoney, also named Samuel Gaillard Stoney (1891–1968), wrote Plantations of the Carolina Low Country, other books on the architecture of the South Carolina Lowcountry, and coauthored books of Gullah stories.[9][10]

In 1930, Medway was purchased by Sidney and Gertrude Legendre.[3][6] Sidney died in 1948 and was buried at Medway.[11] Gertrude Sanford Legendre is best known for her experiences as a big-game hunter and as an Office of Strategic Services employee. She was the first American woman captured in World War II. After about six months' captivity, she escaped to Switzerland. Gertrude died in 2000 and was buried at Medway.[12][13]

Architecture[edit]

Although the tradition was that Van Arrsens built the core of the house,[3] the discovery in 1984 that the Hyrne family seal was impressed into some of the bricks around a doorframe made it clear that Hyrne played a role in building the original house.[6][7]

The house that Jan Van Arrsens built on the Medway River burned, either in 1692[7] or in the early 18th century after the Hyrnes bought it.[6] The house was rebuilt using the remaining foundations and walls. This house had stepped Dutch gables. The house had entrances facing the river and on the landward side. The house was made of locally produced handmade brick that did not have the quality of bricks produced in later periods. The poorly made bricks were patched with oyster shell stucco. The house is believed to have had three rooms on the main floor.[6]

Theodore Samuel DuBose added another story to the house in 1827, which made it a  2 1⁄2-story house.[7] Peter Gaillard Stoney expanded the house by building an unsymmetrical wing toward the west in 1855. The house was expanded again by adding two rooms toward the east prior to 1875.[6]

The house was damaged in the 1886 Charleston earthquake. The house was repaired by 1900.[7] Samuel Gaillard Stoney rebuilt the stepped gables in 1906. Louisa Stoney restored the lawn and gardens.[6][7] The Legendres revived the plantation and redecorated the house.[6]

The original Dutch design of the house has been retained.[14] Floor plans of the house have been published.[3][6][10] These include a probable plan for the original house built by Van Arrsens and/or Hyrne and the current house.

Joseph Blake

President of the Council and Actring Governor of Carolina Province 1694

Governor of Carolina Province 1696 to 1700

Joseph Blake was elected President of the Executive Council and Acting Governor of Charles Town upon the death of Gov. Thomas Smith on November 16, 1694. He remained in office this time until the arrival of his uncle, Governor John Archdale, on August 17, 1695.

 

Joseph Blake, son of Benjamin Blake, married Deborah Morton, daughter of Governor Joseph Morton, prior to 1685. Deborah died, and Joseph married a second time to Elizabeth Axtell, daughter of Landgrave Daniel Axtell and widow of Francis Turgis. They had a son, also named Joseph Blake, Jr. Governor Joseph Blake was born in 1663 and he died in 1700. He owned a plantation called "Plainsfield" on the Stono River, near "New Cut," and another plantation called "Pawlet" in Colleton County.

In 1683, Joseph Blake, a nephew of the great English admiral, devoted his fortune and the last years of his life to bringing a large company of dissenters from Somersetshire to Charles Town.

In 1685, Joseph Blake was appointed a Deputy by his uncle and Lord Proprietor, John Archdale. He served on the Executive Councils of Gov. Joseph Morton, Gov. James Colleton, and Gov. Philip Ludwell. When John Archdale gave his proprietorship to his son Thomas, Joseph Blake was appointed a Deputy of Sir Peter Colleton, 2nd Baronet.

 

In 1696, Joseph Blake purchased the share of Thomas Archdale and became one of the eight (8) Lords Proprietors.

 

Prosperity now began to dawn on the twin colonies as it had not done before. About this time came the wise John Archdale as governor, and he was followed by Joseph Blake, a man of like integrity and wisdom, a nephew of the great admiral of that name. Governor Joseph Blake died in 1700, and South Carolina entered upon a long season of turbulence and strife.

John Archdale, previously one of the Lords Proprietors, was then sent over for the purpose, if possible, of restoring harmony. The question of quit-rents was then uppermost. By the new governor's conciliatory attitude and the concessions which he was empowered to make in reference to land grants, he allayed strife and won considerable personal popularity.

His successor, Joseph Blake, also enjoyed a quiet administration, which continued from 1696 till the close of 1700.

 

During that time the final revision of the Fundamental Constitutions was submitted to the Commons House of Assembly for acceptance. The articles concerning manors, leet-men, the system of Lords Proprietors' courts, and certain other features of the system had been omitted, though the provisions for a nobility remained. The whole was reduced to forty-two articles, and their acceptance without change was requested.

 

But a committee of the Assembly proposed several amendments, which were directed against the right of the nobility to sit in the legislature and the size of their baronies, while they were intended to secure to the people their lands at the existing rents and prices. These proposals caused the Lords Proprietors to again lay aside the Fundamental Constitutions, and thereafter they never again appeared as an issue in Carolina politics.

 

Upon the resignation of Governor John Archdale on October 29, 1696, Joseph Blake, previously appointed by Archdale to be Deputy Governor, took the reins of the government in Charles Town as the next Governor. The Lords Proprietors followed up with his commission as Governor, dated April 25, 1697. He remained in office until his death on September 7, 1700.

The frontier interests of men like Joseph Blake (Governor, 1696-1700) and James Moore (governor, 1700-1702) had a consequence for the colony unrecognized by their critics. At the end of the seventeenth century the Indian trade was weaving a web of alliances among tribes of Indians distant many hundred miles from Charles Town. Blake and his successor, active promoters of the trade, developed a conception of the destinies of the English in that quarter of America, an imperial vision, notably in advance of the parochial ideas of Lords Proprietors and provincials alike; in advance, too, of the notions of policy of the imperial government itself.

In 1695, Joseph Blake purchased land in Charles Town and soon thereafter made a gift of the land to the Presbyterian Church.

 

In 1696, Thomas Archdale sold his share of Carolina, originally owned by John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, to his cousin Joseph Blake, who was already well-settled in what soon became South Carolina. Carolina Governor John Archdale, Thomas's father, was an uncle to this Joseph Blake.

 

When Joseph Blake became governor in 1696, the Indian trade of South Carolina was just entering on a phase of more than local importance. A decade before this, in 1684, the revolt of the Yammasee against the Florida government and their emigration from the province of Guale to the borders of South Carolina had turned the scale against the Spaniards in the coastal region.

 

Already the expulsion of the Westoes from the lower Savannah River area had cleared the way for trade expansion southwestward, among the inland tribes. Their route protected against flank attack from St. Augustine, the Charles Town traders made rapid progress among the populous Oconee, Ocheese (Kawita and Kasihta), and Ocmulgee Indians seated on the upper Oconee and above the forks of the Altamaha River.

 

With her expanding Indian relations South Carolina became the center of the traffic in Indian slaves, as well as in deerskins, among the English colonies. When the early wars had exhausted the supply near the settlements the friendly Indians were encouraged to range farther afield, especially to the south, where slave-catching raids had the additional advantage of weakening the allies of the Spaniards.

 

Timucuan Indians from the interior of Florida had long been bought from the Yammasee; and now the inland Indians found ready sale for captured Apalachee, from the province of Apalachee, which fronted the Gulf between the Suwanee and Apalachicola rivers - the richest and, strategically, the most important of the outlying Spanish provinces. The raiders were supplied with arms, incited, and even led by the traders who lived among them; retaliatory expeditions were headed by Spanish officers.

 

In 1699, when South Carolina was hit with major storms, an earthquake, fire, and pestilence, Governor Joseph Blake "deeply sensible of the public distress, tried every art for alleviating the misery of the people and encouraging them to patience."

Joseph Blake, together with Paul Grimball, a Baptist, and five other persons, was a committee for revising the "Fundamental Constitutions" prepared by John Locke. It was during his second administration as Governor that the French Huguenot refugees, who had come in large numbers, in consequence of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1685, and the renewal of Roman Catholic persecution, received equal rights with those born of English parents.

The minister, Mr. Lord, and others of the Church who had remained in Charles Town were urged by "ye Lieut. General Blake (Joseph Blake, Governor and Lords Proprietor, then residing on his plantation called "Plainsfield", on Stono River, near New Cut) and many others" to settle at New London (on Pon Pon River, generally known as Willtown) and had gone to Landgrave Morton's near that place.

Elder Pratt and his companion also went to Landgrave Morton's to view the land at New London, and there Elder Pratt gave Mr. Lord his preference for Ashley River, and the latter agreed with him. From Landgrave Morton's they returned, stopping first at Mr. Curtises and then at Mr. Gilbosons and Governor Joseph Blake's.

 

Joseph Blake, governor of South Carolina, was persuading the Reverend Mr. Lord and his congregation to settle at New London (later called Willtown), and sent them to discuss the matter with Landgrave Joseph Morton, son of the late governor of the same name.

His wife, Lady Elizabeth Blake, and her mother, Lady Axtell, were valuable accessions to the infant Baptist church, and it is likely that Screven was a neighbor of theirs in England. Joseph Blake himself, if not a communicant, at least entertained the sentiments of the Baptists and favored their cause. He was twice subsequently Governor of the province; and his sister was the wife of Governor Joseph Morton, and the mother of Joseph Morton, who was a friend of liberty and voted against the establishment of the Church of England as the religion of the province.