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John Watson Brumfield -  Elizabeth Patton

Watson Brumfield: Biography by Sherborne Anderson



According to Sherburne Anderson: Watson was first "of" Cumberland County, Virginia; then lived in Prince Edward County, Virginia; then moved to Orange County, North Carolina, about 1765; then 1776 moved to York County, South Carolina. Source: Dr. Sherburne Anderson's letter to Corbett F. Gaulden, August 31, 1968.

Dr. Charles Gaulden thought Brumfield's ancestors came from Pennsylvania.

Children of Watson and Elizabeth: Watson, Jr., Ezekial, Richard, Charles, Jesse, John, b. 27 June 1750, Susannah, b. c. 1749-1743. Source: National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution member Mary LaVerne Bevers #645975. 


1720: Watson was born about that time in Goochland County, Virginia. Source: Alma Dell Clawson, Brumfield Family History. Clawson does not have the name of his wife.

1749-1751, Cumberland County, Virginia: "Watson Brumfield, a witness, was paid L25 for 1 day appearance in court." Source: Cumberland County DB 1:126.

1752-1754, Amelia County, Virginia.

1752, May 7: "Watson Brumfield of Amelia Co., (now Prince Edward) sold 300a in Cumberland being part of a 400a patent to Watson Brumfield dated Mar. 1745, to Seymore Scott of Cumberland. Elizabeth the wife of Watson relinuished theright of dower. Cumberland County DB 1:445."

1752, May 11: "Watson Brumfield of Amelia Co., (Prince Edward) sold land to Mary Scott of the county of Cumberland 100 a in Cumberland being a part of 400a patented by said Brumfield Mar. 20, 1745. Elizabeth relinquished right of dower." Source: Cumberland County DB 1:440.

1752: "Watson Brumfield registered his three negroes Tom a boy judged to be 8-9 yr., Wak [illigible] and girl 11 yrs."

1752, January 31: "Watson Brumfield of Southam Parish, Cumberland Co. [VA], bought from Joseph Terry 400a patented by Ferry Oct 1, 1747. In Amelia Co., (now Prince Edward) [VA], in the fork between Buffalo and Appomattox Rivers." Source: Amelia County DB 4:430. This information is from Nell Nugent. See Sources below.

1754-1759, Prince Edward County, Virginia: "The family lived on Briery Creek, near the Buffalo River. The Brumfields became acquainted with the Kell family in Johnson Co., NC, where they were neighbors."

1754, March 22: "Mr. Joseph Norton's Poll for House of Burgesses included Watson Brumfield, Prince Edward Co., [VA]." Source: Tyler's Magazine, 17:24.

1755: "Watson Brumfield was a tithable living between the Buffalo River and county line. (The reference has been lost but is thought to be Tyler's. There is a folder in the Prince Edward Courthouse which claims to contain the tithe lists for 1755, 1760, and 1761 but the earliest in it is 1773. There is a note on the folder saying it was loaned to somebody in Maryland for copying -- the early lists were evidently not returned.)"

1755, July Court: "Watson Brumfield Pft. vs. George Lumpkin dfd. case dismissed, the plaintiff failing to prosecute." NOTE: "A John Watson was Watson Brumfield's neighbor -- In this suit Watson B. used his full name -- John Watson Brumfield."

1755: One source reported a son Robert born in Prince Edward County, not Cumberland County, as were his older siblings.

1758, August 29: Watson's father, Moses, wills to sons Elijah and Watson 7 pounds each when they come of age. [Lends doubt as to Watson's birth date. Could he have meant grandson Watson, Jr.?]

1959, April Court, Prince Edward County, Virginia: George Lumpkin, Plaintiff, vs. John Watson Brumfield, defendant. This day came the parties by their attorneys and thereupon came also a Jury (to Witt) Abraham Venable foreman and others sworn to try the issue . . . . delivered the verdict. We find for the defendant and defendant is not guilty of trespass. Prince Edward Co. Court Records."

1759-1765, Orange County, North Carolina: "Watson received a land grant from the Earl of Granville in 1759, and again in 1763 and 1765."

1760: About that year Watson's wife died. "Faced with tragedy Watson did what every other man with a young family would do. He sent the younger children, Robert (6) and William (older) to their grandparents in King William County where Robert said he lived ever since. The older children Charles and perhaps others he took south with him. Alicia Brumfield of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, wrote me that John Watson Brumfield and Charles Brumfield are buried in York, South Carolina. James (2) of King William County would (in 1761) now be at least 76." Source: Nell Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers (see below.)

1761: "Watson Brumfield of Orange County, North Carolina, deeded to Wm. Perex [?] 400a on the south side of Appamattox above Buffalo for 50 lb. current money of Virginia.

          Watson Brumfield

          his mark

          There is no dower release.


     "If we accept the arguement presented above, we have: James (1), James (2), John Watson (3) Robert (4) and this forms the embryonic pedigree that follows.

     "James (1) immigrated to Gloucester, 1762, m. Pestee Sutton. Children Robert, Bpt. 1677; Martha Bpt. 9/27/1680; [not copying all] Isabel, James, Ann, and William.

     "Son James (2) m. Susannah Watson, dau. of John Watson? and had children John Watson, b. King Wm. Co., d. York, S.C.; and Moses, b. King Wm. Co., d. Goochland, 1760.

     "Son Watson (3) m. Elizabeth, buried York Co., S.C., had children Charles, buried York Co., S.C., William, and Robert.

     "Son Moses (3) m. Ruth Patrick and had children Amelia, m. Thomas Vaughan; John who m. Annie Coleman, May 16, 1773; Elijah, Watson (probably died young); Sarah m. John Dudley of Albemarle, Apr/ 7, 176_.

     "Daughter Amelia (4) m. Thomas Vaughan, had a daughter Ann."

1766, Orange County, North Carolina: About that time Watson went with his daughter Susannah to that county. 

1769-1772, Johnson County, North Carolina: Johnson County became Wake County.

1772-1790, York County, Camden District, North Carolina.

1781, York County, Camden District, South Carolina: Watson is reported to have died that year. Another source gives his death date as 1790.


SUMMARY: "(1) Until modern times, the only Brumfield household in Cumberland Co. and Prince Ed. Co. was that of Watson Brumfield; (2) Watson Brumfield lived in Cumberland Co. 1745-1752; Prince Ed. Co. 1752-1761; (3) Robert, born in 1755, was born not in Cumberland but in Prince Edward. His older siblings were born in Cumberland and Robert apparently grew up thinking he had been born there too; (4) Watson's full name is John Watson Brumfield. He used this in the court case probably on the advice of his attorney. John Watson of Prince Edward was an influential man and lived very near John Watson Brumfield; (5) Finally, and most important, Elizabeth, Watson's wife, died sometime after the birth of Robert and before the sale of the Prince Edward plantation in 1761. There is no dower release on the 1761 deed Watson B. to Wm. Penix [?]. If the wife is living, a dower release is absolutely necessary to convey clear title to the property. Without it, the buyer won't accept the deed nor will the court record it."


SOURCES: Some of my sources became detached from the information in a family history program change in 1995.

Anderson, Sherburne "Sherby," (4653 Westdale Drive, Baton Rouge, Louisiana) to Annie (Richardson) Crump, August 5, 1970. Mrs. L.W. Crump was of Dundee, Mississippi. Mr. Anderson died at 92 in 1998, according to Martha Kay Ashley of Garland, Texas.

Clawson, Alma Dell, Brumfield Family History.

Gibson, Mary Helen (Huggins), NSDAR #551827, Supplemental Application to National Society Daughters of the American Revolution. The Supplemental was based on the Application of member Mary LaVerne Bevers, NSDAR #645975.

Nugent, Nell, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. II, 1666--1695 (1977). This is referred to in the beginning of a Brumfield genealogy by an unnamed researcher who apparently lived near Brumfield's land. A son of the researcher had a construction firm on the 1747 patent in Cumberland County, Virginia.




 Member:  -- Name Restricted --    Nat'l #: 682617     Ancestor #: A016021

1. -- Generation Restricted --

2. -- Generation Restricted --

3. -- Generation Restricted --

4. Search»

The Said -- Name Restricted -- was the child of

John Wesley Richardson born on 27 - Sep - 1814 at Centerville MS   

died at Iberia Par LA on 17 - May - 1891 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary Hyland Howard born on - - 1826 at Kent Co MD

died at Iberia Par LA on 22 - Jun - 1862 married on 4 - Nov - 1854  

5. Search»

The Said John Wesley Richardson was the child of

John Gaulden Richardson born on 28 - Feb - 1785 at Sumter Dist SC 

died at St Mary Par LA on 19 - Jan - 1856 and his ( 1st ) wife

Margaret Dubose born on - - 1785 at SC

died at Woodville MS on - - 1827 married on 16 - Nov - 1809  

6. Search»

The Said John Gaulden Richardson was the child of

Francis Richardson born on - - 1763 at Sumter Dist SC  

died at Wilkinson Co MS on - - 1820 and his ( 1st ) wife

Martha Gaulden born on - - 1765 at Sumter Dist SC

died at Wilkinson Co MS on 12 - Jul - 1832 married on - - 1784  

7. Search»

The Said Martha Gaulden was the child of

John Gaulden born on c - - 1735-1742 at Prince Edward Co VA   

died at Camden Dist SC on c 18 - Apr - 1782 and his ( 1st ) wife

Susannah Brumfield born on c - - 1740 at Cumberland Co VA

died at York Co SC on c - - 1810 married on c - - 1759  

married at Prince Edward Co VA

8. Search»

The Said Susannah Brumfield was the child of

Watson Brownfield born on c - - 1720 at King George Co VA   

died at York Co SC on c - - 1790 and his ( 1st ) wife

born on - - at _______________

died at _______________ on - - married on - -   




Ancestor #: A016021





Service Description: 




George William Brumfield 93.  A native of Jessamine County, Kentucky.  Below is his obituary.

He use to write my Aunt Judy all the time and he would always talk about the Brumfield Genealogy.  She has generously given me his letters and I am going to transcribe them to the best of my ability.


From George Brumfield Letter

John born 1740 son of William left Virginia in 1789 and came to Fayette County, Kentucky with him was the balance of his and Elizabeth Morton's(Elizabeth Morton was the daugher of Samuel and Delphia Morton that lived near Farmville, Va, somewhere around Round Pond.   children:  Obediah  1774,  Sarah Elizabeth 1777, Moses 1783, and John Jr. 1786.  Their two older sons William 1769 and Joel 1771 had already come to Fayette County, Kentucky in 1787.  Only two of the family died here Joel died 1850 and Moses died 1860.  Sarah had married J Gritton.  She died 1806 in Mercer County, Kentucky.

Only Moses' grave is known all the others are buried in unknown graves.

Mercer County, Kentucky

Robert Brumfield's family and descendants.

Obediah b 1785 and wife Nancy Crowe bried in old union graved at Doctor's Fork   near Perryville.  His son James born 1806 buried in Perryville, Kentucky.  These are the cousins to Abraham Lincoln the President the the William 1778 and Nancy Lincoln marriage 1780   of 1801 in Mercer County, Kentucky.


It is believed that Thomas Brumfield came to Jamestown, Virginia in search of his uncle James Brumfield born 1592, who stole his way on Capt John Smith's boat in 1609.  This James(1592) is known as the Cabin Boy and in Jamestown, Capt. John and James applied  for a land grant.  James(1592) was killed by an Indian in 1640


In another letter he stated that the family started in 1672 in Jamestown, Virginia.  James Brumfield born 1647 married Patience Sutton born 1651 in Jamestown and Thomas Brumfield was their only witness to the wedding.  There is no date of death or location.  Robert Brumfield married Susannah Coatran and  James Brumfield married Elizabeth Watson.  Daughter of John watson of Virginia.   John Watson died 1742 and Robt. Brumfield died 1745.  James Brumfield died 1755 near Farmville, Virginia on Sailor Creek.

James and Elizabeth Watson Brumfield had four sons William  (1718-1799) James (1722-1803)  West Virginia, Robert (1724-1794) in Mercer Kentucky and Major Brumfield (1730-1815) Virginia.

John Watson Brumfield

Birth: 1720
Prince Edward County
Virginia, USA

Death: 1790
York County
South Carolina, USA

John Watson Brumfield born circa 1717 and 1729 in Goochland County Virginia marriage Elizabeth PATTON birth 1720 marriage circa 1738-1740, Amelia, Virginia death after 1790 Camden Kershaw York County South Carolina.

The BRUMFIELDS moved into North Carolina and South Carolina where, they lived during American Revolution. they appeared to be stalwart patriots, 

1) Watson Brumfield
2) Ezekiel Brumfield
3) Richard Brumfield
4) Charles Brumfield b. ca 1745-1755, d. early 1826
5) Jesse Brumfield
6) John Brumfield b. 27 JUN 1750, d. 6 MAY 1845
7) Reuben Brumfield b. ca 1749, d. before 11 NOV 1781
8) Susannah Brumfield b. 1743
9) William Brumfield b. ca 1749-1754
10) Robert Brumfield b. 24 JUN 1755

Susannah Brumfield married John Gaulden
Charles Brumfield married Lucy (Smith), 2nd Elizabeth Patton

1745- 400 acres in Goochland County, Virginia (later Cumberland) becoming the first private owner of virgin land.
1746-Watson Brumfield is shown on the 1746 Tithe List by Charles Anderson, for Goochland County, Virginia. Tithe List by John Payne for the same year, same county, shows MOSES BRUMFIELD listed in or with the household of Captain John Watson, (Jr.) who their uncle. These Tithe Lists were made in June each year, a sort of census, and showed all males 16 years and older. Prior to 1746,neither the Brumfields nor the Watsons appear on the Tithe Lists for Goochland County. Moses Brumfield continues to appear on the Tithe
Lists with Captain John Watson's household thru 1749
1752 - 400 acres in Amelia County, Virginia where he resided. Land was described to be in the forks of the Buffalo and Appomattox Rivers. Amelia County in 1754 was divided, creating Prince Edward County where (John) Watson Brumfield lived. On 5-7-1752 Watson sold the land he had originally patented in Goochland County (by then part of Cumberland County.)
1759 Prince Edward County, Virginia April court,JOHN WATSON BRUMFIELD was sued by George Lumpkin for trespass, after a civil suit by Watson 4 years earlier had been dropped. This is the only time we found use of Watson's full name.
March 6 1761, Watson sold his 400 acre home place in Prince Edward County, Virginia to William Penix for 50 pounds current money. P.E. Co. DB 2:3 There was no dower release, indicating his wife had died. Her name appears to have been Elizabeth. Researcher Dr. Robert T. Brumfield feels he has identified the two youngest children, and that they were logically sent to live with their Brumfield grandparents in King William County, Virginia. We have listed 9 tentative children.
1769, Watson Brumfield, Sr. moved to adjoining Johnston County, North Carolina, apparently to one of his properties that was by then part of that county. Watson and his son Charles both owned land on Beaver Dam Creek in Wake County, North Carolina.A year later, sold his property. One tract of 200 acres in Orange County seized and sold at auction.
In 1770, the demonstrations of the Regulators reached a climax. Watson quickly sold his 3 properties, was charged in Orange County with owing 25 pounds to Edmund Fanning, the hated King's agent. His former 200 acre tract in Orange County was seized, and sold at auction to Fanning, but it had already been sold and recorded. Watson was jailed in Salisbury, North Carolina, seat of the court district.
On July 3, 1772, (John) Watson Brumfield received a land grant in Craven County, South Carolina in the High Hills of Santee, later Sumpter County, consisting of 200 acres on both sides of Green Swamp branch of Black River. Craven County was the name given to the "half" of South Carolina which lay northeast of the Broad, Congaree and
Santee Rivers. Craven was divided into eventually 19 counties and 3 court districts, none carrying the name of Craven. This family was established in South Carolina before the outbreak of the Revolution. Some of Watson's children, including Charles, did not make the move with him.
1772 - received 200-acre land grant in Craven County, South Carolina
1781 - Watson Brumfield died in York County South Carolina sometime before 11 November 1781, when his son Charles (still living in Wake County, North Carolina)applied to administer his estate. Citation read at public assembly (church) November 15 1781 by Solomon Thomson. Bond by Charles Brumfield of Wake County, North Carolina administration with John Westbury and Robert Dearing of Camden seconds December 15 1781 Inventory December 1 1781 by Robert Dearing and John Westbury and Anthony Lee, Buyers at sale 14 January 1782: Charles Brumfield, SusN Golden, Elizabeth Brumfield, John Wheler Jr., Robert Moses, Richard Singleton, William Brown, Membrance Williams, Jas. Golden, Ephraim Pool, Isaac Jackson, Gilbert Croswell, Albert Fort, Wm. Williams, George Span.

Watson Brumfield died in York County South Carolina sometime before 1790


WATSON BRUMFIELD, Sr. was a signer of the list: Members of
ASSOCIATION. The paper is not dated; however the preamble begins, "As a result of Bloody Scenes in Boston 19th April last --" (1775). The original paper is held by he Columbia, South Carolina Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Watson served in the American Revolution in South Carolina as a Patriot. There is record of him serving in the Revolutionary War in the South Carolina Militia under Major General Nathaniel Greene. He fought in the Battle of Eutaw Springs, September 1781. A Survivor's Pension Application is on file in the State of South Carolina, #M804, Archive Roll #385, page 55. 

Revolutionary War, informal Colonial militia
Action: Battle of Eutaw Springs, September, 1781. The American troops were encamped at High Hills, then marched directly to the battle site at the cross roads. It was a pitched battle that see-sawed back and forth for a couple of days, with both sides withdrawing. The Americans suffered quite a few fatalities in that Battle. The Americans limped back to High Hills to nurse their wounded. "

At Eutaw Springs, Greene, with around 2,200 men, came across a British camp under Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Stewart. The American force formed up in two lines, with the militia in the front line, North Carolina, Maryland and Virginia regulars in the second. A British bayonet charge broke the centre of the American first line. The situation was temporarily restored by the North Carolina Continentals until they too were broken by a British charge, but the Virginia and Maryland troops were sent into the breach and not only repelled the British camp, but forced a general retreat, with the British in some disorder. 

The Americans now came into the British camp, where most of them now stopped to plunder the British supplies. The tables now turned again. At the north-east corner of the camp was a strong brick house now defended by the remaining British battalion, commanded by Major John Marjoribanks. This battalion had driven off the American cavalry before pulling back to the brick house. Attempts to capture the house failed, and Marjoribanks was able to restore some order to the rest of the British force. With the newly restored force he was able to drive the American loots from the British camp. One American battalion now returned the favour, and delayed the British advance, allowing the American army to retreat without suffering a rout. The British held the field, and suffered less casualties than the Americans - 85 killed compared to 138 American dead and 41 missing. 

Despite the military victory, overall the result of Greene's operations was to force the British to abandon most of their conquests in the South, leaving them isolated in Charleston and Savannah. The British attempt to pacify the south with the aid of the Loyalists had failed, even before the surrender at Yorktown. 

One of the legatees in Lewis Collins' will was a daughter Zeruviah Brumfield. I have never found any additional information on her, but this Collins family in SC lived near members of the same Brumfield family that moved to Mississippi and Louisiana. One of those who moved to Louisiana was John Brumfield who lived in Washington Parish LA. This John Brumfield applied for a pension for his service in the Revolutionary War. Davis Collins gave an affidavit in 1838 in support of Brumfield's pension application. In the affidavit he said he " . . . went with John Brumfield Senior from the Hy Hills of South Carolina in time of the Revolutionary War in order to carry his horse home and where I saw John Brumfield march off with the American army towards Charleston for there is where they was going to. I returned home with the horses to his father's to the high hills of Santee. I being acquainted with John Brumfield from when he was a young man and seen him several times going and returning from camps. Also I have bin acquainted with him for 63 years . . . " This affidavit was written in 1838, so Davis Collins would have known him since about 1775 at which time Davis was about 6 years old. Research done by others says that the wife of this John Brumfield was Margaret Kelley. They had a large family including a son Davis Brumfield born 1795. Does anyone know which Brumfield was the husband of Zeruviah Collins, sister of Davis Collins? Research of Gregory Price 

Updates and corrections of “FIELD OF BROOM” by Dell Magee Clawson. 
“Know Your Ancestry” by Dell Magee Clawson published Tylertown Times, Tylertown Mississippi 
ddition Research submitted by Barbara Carter, Christopher Beard and Dell Magee Clawson after the publication of Clawson's book "Fields of broom - John Brumfield and Margaret Kelly their ancestors and descendants: 

Memorials for the Brumfield Lineage has been recorded for family research. 
Family links: 
  Robert Brumfield (1677 - 1755)
  Charles Brumfield (1745 - 1826)*
  John Brumfield (1750 - 1845)*
  John Moses Brumfield (1716 - 1758)*
  John Watson Brumfield (1720 - 1790)
*Calculated relationship


Specifically: York County, South Carolina

Robert Brumfield

Birth: 1677
Goochland County
Virginia, USA

Death: Mar. 29, 1755
Gloucester County
Virginia, USA

Robert Brumfield son of James "Jake" Brumfield and Patience "Peshee" Sutton. Robert Brumfield was baptized at the Abingdon Episcopal Church, Gloucester County, Virginia. Marriage Susannah Watson daughter of John Watson and Alice (widow of Henry Rowan).

Charles Brumfield
Robert Brumfield, Jr. 
John Watson Brumfield m/ Elizabeth Patton
John Moses Brumfield m/ Ruth Patrick

November 1751, Robert Brumfield came into Court and presented and acknowledged his deed for land...endorsed thereon to WM. Keys which is ordered to be recorded. Amelia County, Virginia DB 3-51751
November 5 1751 Robert Brumfield of Amelia County and Rawley Parish sold to WM. Keys in same Parish and County 400 Acres in Amelia on upper side of Flatt Creek next to Hans Hendrick's land and Wm. Farley's corner also next to Craddock's Corner.
Robert (his mark) Brumfield
Witnessed: Hans Hendrick, Hans Hendrick, Jr.
Richard Jones
Amelia Co. DB 4:2151752

4 January 1752 Robert Brumfield bought 237 Acres from Wm. Pickens on Branches Ivatas? Creek...Walas...bounded by Joseph Morton's
land (Pickens was a Caldwell's Tithes-1749-part Charlotte and part Campbell).

Robert Brumfield died March 29 1755, Abington Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia, His son, Watson Brumfield, handled his estate.

Note: Robert Brumfield, Jr. owned 400 acres on Buffalo Creek, south of Farmville, Gloucester County, Virginia.

Updates and corrections of “FIELD OF BROOM” by Dell Magee Clawson. 
“Know Your Ancestry” by Dell Magee Clawson published Tylertown Times, Tylertown Mississippi 
Addition Research by Barbara Carter, Christopher Beard and Dell Magee Clawson after the publication of Clawson's book "Fields of broom - John Brumfield and Margaret Kelly their ancestors and descendants: 

Memorials for the Brumfield Lineage has been recorded for family research. 
Family links: 
  James Brumfield (1649 - 1755)
  John Moses Brumfield (1716 - 1758)*
  John Watson Brumfield (1720 - 1790)*
  Robert Brumfield (1677 - 1755)
  James Brumfield (1685 - 1755)*
*Calculated relationship


Specifically: Goochland County, Virginia

James Brumfield

Birth: Jul. 22, 1649, England

Death: 1755
Richmond City
Virginia, USA

James Jake Brumfield birth July 22 1649
St Mary White Chapel, Stepney, London, England
Christening July 22 1649 St Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, London, England 
Marriage Patience “Peshee” SUTTON birth 1654 England marriage March 17 1671 , Rappahannock, Virginia death 1757 Virginia 

Children (6)
Robert Brumfield 1677 – 1755 
Martha Brumfield 1680 – 
Isabel Brumfield 1682 – 1755 
James Brumfield II 1685 – 1755 
Ann Brumfield 1687 – 1687 
William Brumfield 1689 – 1689

"THIS Brumfield line probably arrived in America in 1719 when "Tarleton Woodson imported 34 persons, including John BRUMFIELD, to staff his 3090 acres estate in Herico County, Virginia , on the north side of James River" "Early Virginia Families along the James River by Lea Pledge Heath Foley" (See information Christopher Beard has written with the attached photo).

James Brumfield and Patience Sutton was given 739 acres of patented land in King William County Virginia; 1719. They lived in a small county northeast of Jamestown, Williamsburg, Virginia. 

Updates and corrections of “FIELD OF BROOM” by Dell Magee Clawson. 
“Know Your Ancestry” by Dell Magee Clawson published Tylertown Times, Tylertown Mississippi 
Addition Research by Barbara Carter, Christopher Beard and Dell Magee Clawson after the publication of Clawson's book "Fields of broom - John Brumfield and Margaret Kelly their ancestors and descendants: 

Memorials for the Brumfield Lineage has been recorded for family research. 

Family links: 
  Thomas Brumfield (1613 - 1699)
  Robert Brumfield (1677 - 1755)*
  James Brumfield (1685 - 1755)*
*Calculated relationship


Specifically: Soldiers Home, Richmond, Virginia, United States

Thomas Brumfield

East Sussex, England

Death: 1699
Virginia, USA

Thomas Brumfield, birth cira 1616 of St Mary White Chapel, Stepney, London, England son William and Elizabeth Brumfield
Baptism May 1 1616 St Dunstan and All Saintss , London, England 
Christening December 16 1677 St Mary White Chappel, Stepney, London, England 
Marriage Elizabeth Anderson (not proven) birth between 1613-20 married November 26 1630 Saint Botolph Bishops Gate, London, England 

English meaning "Field of Broom".The broom plant is a shrub with stiff green branches, small yellow flowers, an is a conspicuous growth of the English Heath. 

Children (6)
James Jake Brumfield
Anne Brumfield
Joane Brumfield
Mary Brumfield
Peter Brumfield
Alice Brumfield

Thomas immigrated prior to 1672 King William County Virginia Land Patients, Book 6l6 page 4 5Robert Talliaferro patent 739 Acres Rappahannock County
March 17 1672 for transporting people America. Among those transported were JAMES BROFIELD and THO. BROMFIELD and just above JAMES' name was PESHEE SUTTON. They lived in a small county Northeast of Jamestown Williamsburg, Virginia

There were at least two Thomas Brumfield / Bromfields born about the same time period and marrying named Elizabeth. Another Thomas immigrated to James City it is believed of Uncle James Brumfield known as the famous "Cabin Boy" as he stole his way on Captain John Smith's ship in 1609. This Thomas died in Virginia in 1699.

Addition Research by Barbara Carter, Christopher Beard and Dell Magee Clawson after the publication of Clawson's book "Fields of broom - John Brumfield and Margaret Kelly their ancestors and descendants: 

"The name Brumfield appears to be German origin, having an original meaning, near to, or in proximity to briars. At least one of this name came with William the Conqueror to England in 1066. They were awarded manors and land in Wales. As conquers the Bromfield's was part of the wealthy Welch aristocracy during the 88 years of the Norman kings.
After this period some moved to England, marring into the upper class there. The name did not change, but the name took on an English meaning, or "Field of Broom". The broom plant is a shrub with stiff green branches, small yellow flowers, an is a conspicuous growth of the English Heath. The family were considered English with Anglo-Saxon blood. 

Memorials for the Brumfield Lineage has been recorded for family research. 

Family links: 
  James Brumfield (1649 - 1755)*
*Calculated relationship


Specifically: Gloucester, Virginia

From: "David Whitwell" <

Subject: Re: [BRUMFIELD] Anne Brumfield b.1715 VAmar.Johnston/Tankersley/Alday 
Date: Tue, 14 Jul 2009 15:00:56 -0500 
References: <><BLU138-DS6DEA06D32873A06C85BC1AB240@phx.gbl><> 
In-Reply-To: <><BLU138-DS6DEA06D32873A06C85BC1AB240@phx.gbl><>

Before continuing, it is necessary to introduce in more detail the Brumfield family which became inseparable from the next generation of Whitwells. There were more than twenty separate Brumfield families[1]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn1> which emigrated to America before the revolution and among these was a James Brumfield who was transported to Rappahannock Co., VA, by a Robert Taliapero[2]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn2> [Taliaferro] together with his brother, Thomas Brumfield and Patience Sutton, whom James married.[3]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn3> The earliest documentation to James Brumfield (I) is found in land records in James City County, VA, of other people who refer to his land. We find Brumfield's land mentioned in documents of Nov. 18, 1655 (John Lingo), Sept. 6, 1665 (Wm. Broadlib), Oct. 23, 1690 (Mr. Eggleston), April 29, 1692 (John Stith, Jr.) and April 21, 1695 (Capt. John Styth).[4]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn4> 

Records of James Brumfield, and his wife, are also found in Gloucester and Amelia Counties.[5]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn5> They had six children, all born in Gloucester Co., VA. The Abingdon Parish records[6]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn6> list the children of "James & Pessie Bromfield," as follows,

Robert Brumfield, born January [date missing], 1678.

Martha Brumfield, born Sept. 27, 1680

Isabel Brumfield, born Dec. 20, 1682

James Brumfield (II), bapt. March 29, 1685

Ann Brumfield, bapt. June 12, 1687 [died 1687]

William Brumfield, bapt. July 21, 1689 [died 1689, Gloucester, Co., VA[7]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn7>).

Before leaving Gloucester County we must mention some documents that may become important pending future research. In addition to the more familiar instance of criminals being transported to the New World from England, there was a parallel practice in Virginia of landowners paying for the transportation of persons from England who were not criminals. In these cases the right of 50 acres, called Headrights, was granted to the land owners for every person whose transportation to the colony was paid for by the landowner. In this regard we notice that a list of such Headrights granted in Sept. 25, 1679, includes one Job Whitnell. On April 25, 1702 a P. Kingstone obtained vacant land, which had been the Headright of Thomas Whitnall, "near the head of the Eastermost River" in this county.[8]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn8> These references attract our attention due to the frequent confusion in reading early manuscript versions of the "w" and "e" in the end of our name. This last named person, for example, is likely the same person as a Thomas Whitnoll who arrived by ship in Virginia in 1702. No subsequent references in this county can be found for anyone named Whitnell, Whitnall or Whitnoll. 

In addition, relative to these people, we have discussed in another volume the fact that there were a number of Whitwells who came to Virginia between 1650-1700, including a Francis (1678), an Elizabeth (1653), a William (1679), a Barneby (1664), an Edward (1677), a Thurston (1679) and possibly a John whom we lose track of in Barbados in 1675. We have assumed that our Thomas Whitwell (d. 1775) came from England, but he may have been born in one of these lines in Virginia.

To return to the family of "James & Pessie Bromfield," their son, James [II] married a girl named Elizabeth Francis Watson,[9]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn9> b. 1696 in Accomack County, VA, in 1716 and died after 1755. He patented 100 acres of land in King William Co. in 1719. An Amelia County deed dating March 21, 1739, exists for the sale of land from a Hance Hendrick to James Brumfield, Sr. [II], with his son William appearing as a witness.[10]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn10> 

Hans Hendrick to James Brumfield for 9 pounds, 200 acres on Mayes Branch of Flat Creek, being part of 400 acres patent to said Hans Hendrick.[11]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn11> 

Later this year, in the Court meeting of Nov. 16, 1739, James Brumfield is fined for not attending church.

An Amelia Court Order of Feb. 19, 1741, assigns James Brumfield, Jr. and his son William to a survey crew. A similar Amelia County court order of May 17, 1745, adds James Broomfeild, Sr. [II] and Jr. [III] to a gang paid to clear roads.[12]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn12> 

There is one reference to his buying another 380 acres in Amelia Co. in 1743. In 1745 he sold 190 acres in Amelia Co., between Saylor's Creek of Dawson Branch Creek, on both sides of the road, "Where my son William Brumfield now lives," to Charles Johnson of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County.[13]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn13> In the following year, on Nov. 22, 1746, he sold additional land to this same Charles Johnson and this document reveals interesting details.

James Brumfield of Rawley Parish to Charles Johnson of St. Pauls Parish, Hanover County, for 25 Pounds, 190 acres [Saylors & Dawson] bounded in part by Brumfield's line, being part of a Patent to said James Brumfield, and is part of [his] plantation whereon William Brumfield, the son of James Brumfield, now lives.[14]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn14> 

On Dec. 18, 1749, he sold another portion of this land.

James Brumfield of Rawley Parish sells to James Renolds of Rawley Parish 190 acres in Nottoway Park [Saylor's Creek of Dawson Branch Creek].[15]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn15> 

Additional references to other land as being adjacent to the land of James Brumfield can be found for the dates of Nov. 9, 1747; Sept. 16, 1748; July 15, 1749; and Nov. 1751 (identifying the land as "Flat Creek").[16]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn16> 

While there is some indication that James Brumfield moved to Lunenburg Co.[17]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn17> by 1749, we find continued references to his land in Amelia County. A reference to this land on May 18, 1750, regarding the sale of land to James Renolds orders the deed to be recorded "after Elizabeth, the wife of James Brumfield, relinquished her right of dower."[18]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn18> Additional references to her relinquishing her dower rights are found in Nov. 22, 1746 and May 28, 1750.[19]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn19> 

In another reference to this tract of land, a deed of Dec. 24, 1754, describes land formerly owned by James Brumfield.[20]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn20> There are also other deed references to land as being adjacent to the land of James Brumfield on May 24, 1753; May 23, 1754; and Feb. 7, 1757.[21]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn21> A copy of a deed also exists in Giles Co., VA. 

An order of the Amelia Court of March 16, 1751 informs us that James Brumsfield, his wife, Elizabeth, his son James, Jr. and an Abraham Varsur were sued by William Barnes, but that the suit was dismissed on this date.[22]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn22> 

We find James Brumfield's name in the Lunenburg court records of May, 1752, when he is paid to help survey "Randolph's Road."[23]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn23> In Feb., 1753, he appears as a bondsman regarding the estate of John Francis.[24]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn24> 

On May 5, 1760, James Brumfield sold additional land on Saylors Creek and Dawson Creek.[25]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn25> He apparently retained some land in this area as there is a reference on May 26, 1763, in another deed, to land being adjacent to the land of James Brumfield.[26]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn26> 

In the Amelia County Tax Lists, 1731-1764, we recognize James[27]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn27> and his sons, James,[28]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn28> William,[29]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn29> Major[30]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn30> and Robert.[31]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn31> We find here also the 'extra' persons discussed above, Watson Brumfield,[32]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn32> Jos[33]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn33> and Matthew Brumsfield.[34]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn34> Apparently James Brumfield, late in life, moved to Lunenburg County for we find him as the bondsman "in the matter of the estate of John Francis" in February, 1754.[35]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn35> We find him as a witness in April, 1754.[36]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn36> His name is also found as a witness (signed "I" with a line through the middle) on a deed dated Nov. 4, 1755. In this same month, November, 1755, we find James Brumfield was sued, but luckly the Plantiff died.

James Mitchell late sherif on attachment against James Brumfield defendant; dismissed.[37]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn37> 

A very interesting deed there is dated April 30, 1757, which concerns the sale of 300 acres of land to Clement Read by a Michael Daniel of Antrim Parish, Halifax County. The reference here to the land being adjacent to that of James Brumfield (and Clement Read, whose house still stands) may help identify the exact location of his land.

...along Town's line northeast, along Brumfield's Corner by a branch, along his line Southwest....[38]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn38> 

A court order of August, 1758 confirms that James Brumfield was having financial difficulties.

Henry Farley on attachment against Micajah Francis & James Brumfield, defendants; Plaintiff to recover debt by public sale attachment.[39]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn39> 

A very interesting reference to James Brumsfield, II, is found in a comment in one of the Lists of Tithes of Charlotte Court House (Caldwell's list), which reports that James Brumfield was living with his son, Tom. Since there is no documentation which suggests that James had a natural son named Thomas, one has to believe he was one of the many early persons who took in an orphan. Was he so compassionate a person as to do this, even late in life? The language in one of his land deeds suggests he was, when, in 1755, he speaks of his "fatherly love & affection" for his son, Major.[40]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn40> 

James [II] and Elizabeth Brumfield had six sons and a daughter, who are given below with their descendants:

William Brumfield (who reared the Whitwell orphans)

William Brumfield was born 1718, died Nov. 30, 1799, in Charlotte Court House, VA, and married Mary [...] c. 1744 in Amelia Co., VA. He is found three times in the Amelia Tax Lists.[41]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn41> A deed, of March 21, 1739, detailing the sale of land to his father in Amelia County, VA, is witnesed by William Brumfield.[42]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn42> A similar deed of Nov. 22, 1746, is rich with detail. It tells us that William and his father, James, Brumfield lived in Rawley Parish, Amelia County, on a plantation which was a patent [owned by] James Brumfield and that his son, William, is currently living on this land.[43]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn43> An Amelia Court Order of Feb. 19, 1741, assigns William to a survey crew. 

By 1748 William Brumfield was living in Lunenburg County, VA, or in what is now Charlotte Court House County, VA (when Lunenburg County was divided, the portion in which Brumfield lived became Charlotte County) where he appears regularly on the "List of Tithes," a tax record.[44]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn44> 

1748 William Bromfield 1 Tithe

Matthew Talbot List [see Plate 1-13]

1749 William Brumfield 1 Tithe

William Caldwell List

1750 William Brumfield 1 Tithe

William Caldwell List

The first reference to his land in Lunenburg/Charlotte County is the Land Patents of Sept. 5, 1749.[45]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn45> Here he is identified as the "patentee" of land on the "upper side, Roanoke." It is interesting that his neighbor is listed as Clement Read. For what it is worth, the next two names after William Brumfield on this list are William and David Caldwell who have land on Snow Creek and Chestnut Creek. 

In June, 1749, he is paid by the Court to survey "Randoph's Road,"[46]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn46> and in July there is a court reference which appears to be relative to the branding of livestock.

On the motion of William Brumfield his ear mark, to wit, a crop and a slit in the left ear and a swallow fork and underkill in the right, on his motion is ordered to be recorded.[47]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn47> 

By September 5, 1749, he had acquired legal claim to 404 acres on the upper side of the Little Roanoke River, on the Sycamore Branch. At a Vestry held for Cumberland Parish (Lunenburg County, Cornwell Parish was not created until 1757) on Oct. 1, 1750, at which Clement Read was present, we find the the record,

Wm. Broomfield to be allowed one Parish Levie at Laying the Levy on.[48]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn48> 

This was followed by a parish record of Nov. 22, 1750, in which they noted that he was given "39." In November, 1750 we find another tax record[49]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn49> whose meaning is not clear to us,

A State of the County Levy

William Brumfield for 1 levy over listed 23

William Brumfield for same 6

In 1760 we find William Brumfield as a member of the Lunenburg County Grand Jury.[50]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn50> We next hear of him in October, 1762 when he filed a lawsuit.

William Brumfield petitioner against Jessie Bryant Defendant. The said defendant not appearing although duly summoned, Judgement for the petitioner for two pounds nine shillings and nine pence and costs.[51]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn51> 

In 1764 William Brumfield and his son, John, are found in the tax list for Cornwall Parish, Lunenburg County, owning 400 acres.[52]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn52> In this same year William Brumfield is appointed overseer of the road, in place of Rees Hughes.[53]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn53> 

In June, 1765, William Brumfield's name appears on a similar road order[54]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn54> and in October of that year the court gave him an adjudication duty, to "value improvements of 200 acres belonging to John Flagan."[55]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn55> 

A December, 1768, court order calls for William Brumfield, together with his brother John Brumfield and a William Routhedge, to be paid for patrolling.[56]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn56> 

In the beginning of the following year, in January, 1769, we find the court document quoted above in which Brumfield states he was in fear for his life, citing the Loggins brothers. He appears again in the November court records of 1769.

Ordered that the Collector pay William Brumfield 240 lbs tobacco out of the deposition in his hands for the said Brumfield's patroling one hundred and forty-four hours.[57]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn57> 

In July, 1770, the court appointed William Brumfield to help appraise the estate of John Worthy.[58]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn58> The following month, August 31, 1770, William Brumfield is found as the appraisor of the estate of William Davis.[59]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn59> 

Beginning in the following year we see William Brumfield's name on a number of land deeds. First, on April 5, 1771, he sells some land he still owns back in Amelia County.[60]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn60> 

On March 2, 1773, John Jones of Dinwiddie County, VA, sold to William Brumfield of Charlotte County 224 acres in Charlotte on the branches of Little Roanoke Creek.[61]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn61> Upon his death this land went to his daughter Judith, and her heirs. It was resold by her children in 1806, at which time the location was described as, "lying and being in the County of Charlotte on the branches of Little Roanoke and Wallaces Creek."[62]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn62> This deed included "all houses, out houses, edifices, buildings...." On the same day John Jones of Dinwiddie County, VA, sold to William Brumfield another tract of 178 acres in Charlotte County on the branches of Little Roanoke Creek bounded by Farmer, John Given, Stephen Townes and Lundeman.[63]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn63> 

Chronologically, the next reference we have to William Brumfield is the Charlotte Court House County May Court 1775 order [Plate 1-4], which we will discuss below, in which the orphans of Thomas Whitwell, deceased, are bound out to Brumfield and his son-in-law, William Overton.

William Brumfield also supplied material for the Revolutionary soldiers. He was paid in August, 1781 for "1 beef." On another occasion a John Hill paid William Brumfield "2 Pounds-16-3" for 225 pounds of beef.[64]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn64> Curiously, these payments are recorded under King William County. Recorded in the same place is a payment of 500 Pounds to a Susan Brumfield, whom we are unable to identify, for supplying "2 gallons of Spirits" to the troops. 

During the 1780's we find two additional references to William Brumfield, first his listing in the 1782 tax records as owning 806 acres and his entry in the census of 1785 in which his household is given as 7 white inhabitants. In the 1787 census William Brumfield is credited with having 2 horses and 22 head of cattle.

Thomas and Robert Whitwell, the orphans reared by William Brumfield, left his home in 1795 when they became of age and moved to KY. Once there Thomas Whitwell originated a lawsuit against a person in Charlotte Court House who was supposed to deliver his horse to KY. In a deposition taken relative to this lawsuit, we have a snapshot of William Brumfield in a comment made by his son, Obadiah. Obadiah was asked in whose care the colt was and he answered,

In the care of my Father, and my Father's stock and other things under my care -- he being an old and infirm man not able to attend to his business.

This description of William Brumfield in 1797 seems confirmed in the fact that it was in this year that he decided to write his will, which we quote in the following chapter.[65]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn65> As a general principle William Brumfield apparently decided not to include in his will any family members who had moved to KY. Thomas and Robert Whitwell, having been gone two years, are not mentioned at all and even his own son and daughter are only mentioned in a somewhat negative characterization.

At the end of the following year, 1798, William Brumfield began to dispose of his farm land. Three deeds are dated December 15, 1798:

William Brumfield of Charlotte sold to William Williams Sen'r, of the same county, 108 acres bounded by Leroy Lambert on road that leads to the Courthouse, Eli Robey's line to the main creek and thence up a small branch to Robey's line to Mitchell's line. Witnesses: Little Joe Morton, John Biggs, James Middleton.[66]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn66> 

William Brumfield of Charlotte sold to James Inge 26 acres in Charlotte County on Little Roanoke Creek bounded by James Inge, Lambert's line, Robey's line to a branch, thence to the creek and down the creek to Inge's corner. [signed with an "X" by William Brumfield] Witnesses: Little Joe Morton, John Biggs, James Middleton.[67]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn67> 

William Brumfield of Charlotte County sold Eli Robey of Charlotte 42 acres on the waters of the Little Roanoke bounded by James Inge, Lambert's line, Lesley's corner, Lesley's line to William's corner, William's line to Robey's line to Inge's corner. Witnesses: Little Joe Morton, John Biggs, James Middleton.[68]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn68> 

Five months later, on May 18, 1799, William Brumfield sold a larger tract.

December, 1798. William Brumfield of Charlotte County sold to John Daniel 404 acres in Charlotte on upper side of Little Roanoke whereon Brumfield now lives. Beginning at Read's, now Carrington's line on Sycamore Branch a branch...agreeable to a patent bearing the date Sept. 5, 1749. Witnesses: Little Joe Morton, Nathan Buckley, Polly Buckley.[69]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn69> 

William Brumfield died on November 30, 1799. The natural children of William and Mary Brumfield were:

Mary Brumfield, born c. 1750, married a man named Hall, and moved to Kentucky before 1790.

John Brumfield, married Elizabeth Morton, and appears on the Cornwall Parish, Lunenburg County tithes list (Thomas Bedford's list) with his father, William in 1764, as owning 400 acres. He moved to Kentucky before 1790. Their children were:

William Brumfield, b. 1770-1774 in VA.

James Brumfield.

Obadiah Brumfield, married Catherine Thornton (b. 1786 in IL).

Moses Brumfield, 1783-1865, m. Rachel Quimby.

John Brumfield, b. 1786, married Cathey Orgon in KY.

Obadiah Brumfield, b. 1744, d. 1825 in Montgomery Co., TN, m. Nancy Whitfield. Obadiah Brumfield may have married a second time, to Nancy Davis in Rowan Co, NC. She is listed in her father, John Davis', estate of 1806.[70]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn70> This is of interest as Rowan County, NC, is apparently the 'home' of Collier's Regiment, NC Militia which included John Whitwell.

Obediah Brumfield was a witness, signing with an "X," to the will of Owen Sullivant, dated Oct. 12, 1768.[71]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn71> The will deals primarily with land on Twitty's Creek. The following year, Obadiah, his sister Judith and a Jermima Brumfield were witness to the purchase of land by Paul Carrington, lawyer and family friend, on Jan. 6, 1769, from James Foster.[72]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn72> 

In the Charlotte County census of 1787 Obediah is credited with having three slaves and three horses.

Judith Brumfield, b. 1750, d. April 1, 1806. In 1772 Judith married William Overton, who was descended from Edward I and Henry III of England. A sergeant in the infantry, he died in 1779 in the Revolutionary War. Judith married Reuben Traynum Jan. 2, 1783. The children of William Overton and Judith were:

Moses Overton m. a person named Milly

Anne Nancy Overton, d. c. 1842, Pittsylvania Co., VA. Susannah Overton

Sarah Overton

Gilley Brumfield, d. 1797, married Corulus Featherstone 21 Nov. 1782. Their children were:

Robert Featherstone

Elizabeth Featherstone

John Brumfield[73]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn73> 

For some reason there is very little documentation for John Brumfield. In 1764 he is found on a tax list in Cornwall Parish, Lunenburg, together with his brother, William.[74]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn74> In 1768, again with his brother, he is paid for patrolling a road.[75]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn75> Later he is apparently found in Halfax in 1782-1785 and in Pittsylvannia Co. in 1810-1811. On Jan. 26, 1778, John Brumfield was a witness in the wedding of "Matterson Powers and Elizabeth Attkerson, daughter of Wm Attkison."[76]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn76> 

James Brumfield [III]

James Brumfield [III], b. c. 1722, died c. 1803 in Giles Co. VA. He is found six times in the tax records of Amelia County[77]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn77> and later is mentioned in the vestry book of Antrim Parish, Halifax County on Oct. 18, 1752, as follows,

For Reasons appearing to this Vestry it is ordered that James Brumfield be exempted from the payment of Parish Levys for the future.[78]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn78> 

In c. 1756 he married Mary (Polly) [...], born c. 1730. Soon after his marriage he acquired, on April 2, 1757, 406 acres on the North Fork of the Bull Creek in Halifax County.[79]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn79> 

In the Halifax County Court Orders Book for the May Court, 1768, we find a judgment against James Brumfield for money he owes David George. The court finds James Brumfield in debt and cannot pay. In the April Court, 1770, this case was dismissed, indicating perhaps that this debt was paid. The lawyer representing Brumfield was Paul Carrington, of Charlotte Court House County, a family friend. A reference in the Charlotte Court House County account of the estate of one, John Carter, in 1780, mentions that Carter owed a "James Brumfield for shoemaking."[80]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn80> 

James Brumfield [III] appears on the Amelia Co. tax lists, then moved to Luneburg/Halifax, then to Montgomery/Giles Co.[81]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn81> In 1776 he settled near the mouth of Big Stoney Creek, on what is known as the David J. L. Snidow place, where the Hatfields erected a fort. He served in the Revolutionary War. The children of James Brumfield [III] and Mary were:

Humphrey Brumfield (known as Umphrey) born 22 June, 1752, died 1849, married Sarah Sartin.[82]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn82> He served in the Battle of Point Pleasant and in the Revolutionary War, and received a wound in his breast from a musket


Sarah Brumfield, born c. 1757. Married first to John Hurt and second to Murdoch Mckenzie, whose name is on the Revolutionary War Plaque at

Pearisburg, Giles County, VA, together with the names of James Sr,

James Jr and Humphrey Brumfield.

Levinia Brumfield(Louisa) born c. 1759, died before 30 July 1822. She married Garland Burgess on March 21, 1787, in Montgomery County.

James Brumfield [IV], born c. 1760, died 1825 in VA. Married Susannah [...], born c. 1760. James [IV] served in the Revolutionary War.

Joel Brumfield, born c. 1762, died in 1782.

Celly Brumfield, born c. 1764, married Joseph Tomblin.

Micajah Brumfield, born c. 1766 and married Eleanor Hartwell on Nov. 4, 1793 in Montgomery Co.

Fanny Brumfield, born 1768, married Patrick Napier, Jr. in Montgomery Co. on June 11, 1788

Mary Brumfield, born 1770, married Thomas Hugh Napier, Jr.

Major Brumfield

Major Brumfield, b. 1730, Amelia Co., VA, and died in Fincastle, VA, 1815. There is presumed to have been a first marriage to a person unknown. He married Ann Cobb 25 Sept. 1755, the daughter of Robert Cobb who was living in Halifax Co, VA in 1785 with 7 white souls.[83]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn83> The father, James, gave the young couple 200 acres on the branch of Flatte Creek as a wedding gift.[84]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn84> He first lived in Amelia Co., VA, where he appears six times in the tax records,[85]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn85> and later in Pittsylvania and Halifax. He apparently owned land in Amelia in 1763, for a deed of Oct. 3 in that year mentions land as being adjacent to the land of Major Brumfield. 

A deed of Oct. 26, 1769, tells us that Major Brumfield and his wife, Ann, of Amelia County sold 100 acres of Flat Creek to William Jones. He retained some land for another deed of July 26, 1770, refers to land as being adjacent of that of Major Brumfield.

His father gave him additional land in Amelia County in an interesting deed dated Sept. 25, 1775.

...for the consideration of the fatherly love and affection that the said James Brumfield bears to his well beloved son does confirm unto the aforesaid Major Brumfield 200 acres being part of a 400 acre tract patent by Hans Hendrick lying on the branches of Flat Creek in Amelia.[86]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn86> 

His signature appears on a Jan. 4, 1776 petition of officers and men of Amelia Co. militia to put overseers into uniform.[87]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn87> The Halifax County Court records for 1780-1783 report that he was reimbursed "20s - 6" for his supplying eight pounds of bacon and a quart of brandy for the Revolutionary troops. Later he moved to KY. The names of ten children are known.[88]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn88> 

Joshua Brumfield, 1784-1814, killed in the War of 1812, m. Susannah Keeling in 1810 in Halifax Co.

William R. Brumfield,[89]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn89> b. c. 1764, married Mary Polly Butler in Nov, 1792.[90]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn90> It is probable that it is this William Brumfield who appears in 1792 as the bondsman in the wedding of Barnat Handcock and Mary Scates, in Halifax County.[91]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn91> He died c. 1850.

Sarah Eda Brumfield, b. c. 1760

Elisha Brumfield, b. c. 1763, d. 1846

Jerusha Brumfield, m. Anderson Hancock in 1791 in Halifax County.

Joseph Brumfield, b. c. 1765, d. June 24, 1816

James G. Brumfield, b. before 1775

Humphrey Brumfield b. c. 1781

Nancy Brumfield

Mary Brumfield

Robert Brumfield

Robert Brumfield, b. 1724, in Amelia County, where he is found five times in the tax records.[92]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn92> He married Susannah Love.[93]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn93> A deed of Nov., 1751, for 400 acres on Flat Creek, for 20 Pounds, sold to a William Keys of Rawley Parish, Amelia County, tells us that Robert Brumfield was also a resident of the parish, as was his father, and that his land being sold was adjacent to his father's land.[94]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn94> 

By Jan. 4, 1752, he had moved to Lunenburg/Charlotte County for we find a deed of that date in which he buys 237 acres, for 23 Pounds, from a William Pickens. It is interesting that this land is adajcent to that of Joseph Morton's land and that it was witnessed by both William Caldwell and David Caldwell.[95]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn95> This transaction is mentioned in another document in April where we read, "William Pickens to Robert Brumfield, indenture Feoffment."[96]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn96> 

In September, 1752 he is sued by the county clerk, and neighbor of his father,

Clement Read, assignee for Elizabeth Lee against Robert Brumfield defendant; dismissed.[97]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn97> 

His name appears as a member of a Grand Jury there in November, 1753.[98]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn98> There is an extant document dated April 12, 1764[99]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn99> in which the court orders Robert Brumfield to appraise the estate of Abraham Lunderman, decd., and another document of June 12, 1764, in which Robert Brumfield agrees to do this.[100]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn100> The completed inventory, dated 1764, but with no specific date, was witnessed by Robert Brumfield ("X") and sworn before David Caldwell. We also find his name as the witness of the will of William Adams, filed in Charlotte County on Feb. 18, 1769.[101]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn101> 

He purchased 400 acres, for 50 Pounds, on the Bates Branch in Halifax County, from William Hill, of Halifax, on March 18, 1773. On April 15, 1773, he bought another 120 acres in the same location, for 15 Pounds, from a Joseph Smith.[102]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn102> 

He fought in the Revolutionary War, for which he received land grants (Nr. 1376 and 1377, dated 1781) and resulted in his move to KY in 1780. At about the time he left for KY he apparently sold a large holding in Halifax Co.

[re an indenture between Robert Bromfield and John Drinkard, wherein] Bromfield sells to Drinkard for the sum of two thousand pounds, "paid in hand," a parcel or tract of land, five hundred acres, lying on both sides of Bates' branch. the said tract of land being now in the possession of Robert Bromfield and Peter Cruze, they both having plantations on the said tract, and the said premises are adjoining plantations and tracts of lands, to-wit: A tract of land formerly in the possession of Captain Epaphroditus White; a plantation or tract of land now in the possession of Richard North; a tract of land belonging to Simeon Holt and a tract belonging to John Hill, who sold and conveyed the same by proper deed of conveyance to the said Robert Bromfield, who conveyed to John Drinkard, his heirs....[103]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn103> 

He received a deed for 50 acres of land on Dec. 27, 1782.[104]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn104> He died Oct. 1794 in Kentucky[105]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn105> and his will [as written in 1790] indicates that he had added an additional 20 acres. He had ten childen:

William Brumfield, who appears in a tax list for Mercer Co., KY, for 1792- 1794, where he is credited as having 2 black slaves, 5 horses, 17 cattle and 225 acres of "third-rate" land. He married Sarah ?, died c. 1818- 1820. He was deeded land from a Jacob Crow in 1794.

Job Brumfield [variously, Jobe], Where he first appears in a tax list of 1792 for Mercer Co., KY. In the tax list for 1794 he is credited with 4

horses, 5 cattle and 50 acres of "second-rate" land. In the 1795

tax list his land has increased to 126 acres. He married Elizabeth

Latimore on Jan. 1, 1788, in Mercer Co., KY, appears on a list of

"Removables" from Mercer Co. in 1797, indicating his intention to move

to Green Co., KY, which is adjacent to Barren County where Robert

and Thomas Whitwell would move soon after. He died in 1798 in KY, at

which time Thomas Whitwell, Jr., was a witness to his will. After his

death, the guardian of his children was John Latimore. His childen were:

Jobe Brumfield, died June, 1839, in Green Co., KY. He married Nancy Hazard on Dec. 24, 1824[106]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn106> 

Barnes Brumfield, d. 1831 in New Orleans.

Polly Brumfield, married to James B. Brumfield on Dec. 28, 1819.[107]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn107> 

Betsy Brumfield, died May 13, 1859, Taylor Co. KY. 

He also took in a child named Mary McCaslin, whom he found after

her family was scalped by the Indians in KY. Jobe raised the girl who then

had a daughter named Tabitha who married John Holland. Their house

still stands.

James Brumfield, b. 1754, died 7 Jan. 1796 in Washington Co., KY. He married Joannah Berry, born in 1760. In 1791 his name appears on a land deed in Mercer Co., KY, together with a Jacob Minor.

William Brumfield, born 15 June 1778, married Nancy Ann Lincoln, aunt to President Lincoln[108]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn108> on Feb. 3, 1801 in Washington Co., KY. 

Obadiah Brumfield born 1785, married Nancy Crow in Feb. 10, 1808, in Mercer Co., KY, and died on Feb. 23, 1836. His grave stone exists in the Old Union Church cemetery, Brumfield, Boyles County, KY (which is adjacent to Mercer County).

Samuel Brumfield, born c. 1785, married his first cousin, Polly Pitman, a sister to Joannah Berry, wife of James Brumfield, on Aug. 21, 1806, in Lincoln Co., KY. Samuel died in June 14, 1814 in Washington Co., KY, killed in an engagement with Indians.

Robert Brumfield, who, in a Mercer Co., KY, tax list of 1794, is credited with 4 horses, 11 cattle and 70 acres of "second-rate" land. He married Elizabeth Bilboe on Nov. 26, 1802 and died c. 1825-1826.

James Brumfield, married Elizabeth Averit. 

Richard Brumfield, married Polly Pyburn on Jan. 11, 1798, in Washington Co., KY.[109]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn109> 

Tabitha Brumfield, married John Latimer [Latimore] on April 23, 1798, in Mercer Co., KY.

Edith Brumfield,[110]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn110> b. 1757, Cumberland Co., VA, married Isham Prewitt in 1774 in Cumberland Co.[111]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn111> 

Susan Brumfield, married John Richardson before 1785.

Mary Brumfield, b. 1757, Cumberland Co., VA, married David Prewitt in Feb. 19, 1778, in Cumberland Co.[112]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn112> 

Elizabeth Brumfield, married James Mitchell in 1787, in Mercer Co., KY. She had seven children and died in Robertson Co., TN, Sept. 11, 1828.[113]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn113> 

Sarah Brumfield, married Jacob Lattimore in 1791, in Mercer Co., KY, and died in Green Co, KY, before 1809.[114]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn114> 

Rachel Brumfield, married Larkin Minor in 1788[115]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn115> in Virginia and died before 1807 in Green Co., KY.[116]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn116> 

Elizabeth Brumfield

William Brumfield (1718-1799) appears in the Lunenburg County records beginning in 1748 and after Charlotte County is created out of Lunenburg in 1764 he is found in the Charlotte Court House area until his death in 1799. It seems clear that William Brumfield and his immediate family were residing in Charlotte Court House at the time Thomas Whitwell, Sr., arrived on the scene.

We know John Brumfield, a brother to William, was also present in Charlotte Court House at this time. Another brother, Robert Brumfield, was either present or soon arrived, for his name appears as a witness to a will of a William Adams on Feb. 18, 1769.[117]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn117> It has attracted our attention that Robert Brumfield sold his land in Charlotte Court House in 1770 and apparently did not return until 1775.[118]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn118> We have noted above that there is also an absence of records for Thomas Whitwell, Sr., in Charlotte Court House during these same years.

Although some explorers were in Kentucky in the 1760's, the settlement of white people there only occurred during the 1770's. Harrodsburg, in Mercer County, became the first permanent Kentucky settlement in 1774. It was soon after this date, in any case by 1782, that the entire Robert Brumfield family, together with the Shipley, Mitchell and Prewitt families from Charlotte Court House, had moved to Mercer County, KY, where the orphans, Robert Whitwell and Thomas Whitwell, Jr., followed as soon as they became of age.[119]<mailhtml:mid://00000452/#_ftn119> 

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