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From 1873, roads were opened linking Santarém to the colonial nuclei with the help of the provincial government of Pará and the settlers themselves. Two roads, Ipanema and Diamantino, connected the colonies to Santarém, in a distance of approximately 16 kilometers (as it appears on the map above, with the same route in 1901).

A Reverend named Richard Hennington (photo right) ended up establishing himself in Santerem. The same maintained religious services in his farm and later in the own city of San-tarém, in the commercial house of Mr. Rhome. Initially, edu-cation was provided within the families themselves or when one of them was entrusted with the task of bringing together young people and children. 

Hennington came in 1868 with his wife, Mary Elisabeth and the three children of the couple: Thomaz, Edwin and Eliza, the youngest (photo below left). Thomaz and Edwin married wo-men from Para. 

Edwin married Estefânia Bentes (photo below center) and remained living in Brazil, unlike Thomaz who returned with his Brazilian wife to the United States. 

The couple Edwin and Estefânia had three children: Carmem, Eduardo and Eula (respectively in the photo below right). As for the Reverend Hennington, he remained in Brazil and ini-tially devoted himself to his small farm, where he set up a sawmill, a hardware store and a sugar cane mill. His establish-ment was regarded as the most important of the Confederate colony.

In 1894, when he began a visit to the United States, Reverend Hennington died in the city of Belém do Pará, where he was buried.

Richard Thomas Hennington

Steamship "Mississippi"   Larger in center

Many North American settlers contri-buted to spread the use of the iron plow. In addition to producing sugar and brandy (cachaça), they set up sawmills, water powered mills and specialized in the construction of wagons to transport the products.  Later, the children of the aforemen-tioned Reverend Hennington devoted themselves to the construction of vessels. The engines and engines were brought from the United States. The first steamboat built in Santarém left the Reverend's workshops and was named "Mississipi" (the larger vessel shown in the photo above). Already the first steamship built in the Amazon left the establishment of Baron de Sant-arém and its American partner Rom-ulus Rhome. The boat was called "Taperinha".  The settlers also culti-vated agricultural products such as tomato, beans, rice, cassava, cashew, pepper, tobacco, corn and also brought a new variety of small beans, later known as "bean from Santarém", from the State of Massachusetts. 

According to information from the researcher Norma Guilhon, in 1872 there were 49 families scattered in the mountains south of Santarém, whose members numbered 77 Am-ericans and 44 English, for a total of 121 individuals. It seems that in the following years the number of Englishmen declined considerably.


 After the 1890s, many of these immigrants moved into the city, where they began to have business and most of these farms disap-peared. Many dedicated themselves to the trade and exploitation of rubber. Reverend Hennington's own family did this (in the photo left, the Reverend's house in Santarem with eight windows). 

Rev. Hennington's House

From the book "The History of Hennington and Related Families"  by Roy B, Lily May and Ollie Ray Hennington, 1973.  It was excerpted from "GRANDFATHER'S WORLD, The Story of RICHARD THOMAS HENINGTON, MINISTER METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH, SOUTH, 1830 - 1894"  By Bertie Burt Altman 1961.


Policy for Young ladies:It would be advisable for every young man to seek his companion for life from the class who is willing to be found in the kitchen without making apologies for it. Nothing becomes a lady more than industry. To understand labor, and to perform it well, is one of the finest qualifications.

(Signed) R.T. Henington, Poplar Springs Ecadamy(sic), April 16, 1846.

Young Richard Henington wrote the essay at the age of almost sixteen and thereby illustrated the seriousness of character that was to be his way of life.

He was the son of Rev. Mr. Henry Henington, pastor at Crystal Springs Methodist Episcopal Church in Copiah County, Mississippi.  And he found his companion for life at the "ecadamy".  She was the daughter of a local Methodist family named Black.

The Blacks and the Henningtons had migrated to Mississippi from the Orangeburg district of South Carolina, where the families had been established since the English colonial migrations. The Anglican character and the search for the better 'ole were deeply intrenched in both families by the beginning of the War Between the States.

Richard (my grandfather) signed his essay as R.T. Henington, and he continued through his life to spell his name without the double n, reasoning that the second n had no meaning and was a waste of time.

The records show that he was a prospering merchant at Crystal Springs in 1851 when he and Mary Elizabeth Black were married, but the call of the church was strong.  He was licensed to exhort in the Methodist Episcopal Church on Oct. 12, 1855, and licensed to preach in the following year.

His two sons, Thomas and Edwin, had arrived before his assignment at China Grove in 1860....  Eliza was born to them at China Grove on Oct. 4, 1860 after but a few months residence there....

Those were the recorded facts to 1860 except for the social pressures which now are documented in the history of our country. The disagreements in the Church which caused the separation in 1844, the customs which allowed for graceful living and neighborly confidence-- peace and harmony generally--the casual trusts which are the keys to the economy of an agricultural area became conflicts in the souls of the men who were caught up in the rift of 1861.

When the call for Mississippi Volunteers went out, Grandfather, at age 31, went as Chaplain with the fighting force. His war period diaries have been lost, but the family recalls mention of Shiloh, Champions Hill, Vicksburg, and bivouacs through Tennessee and Alabama.

He returned to Crystal Springs after the fighting stopped and attempted to reestablish himself in the church at China Grove. But the promises of Mr. Lincoln and General Grant were not being kept. The South was under military rule, the economy and the legislature were in control of the carpetbaggers. The Confederate dollar was worthless and no one had a Yankee dime. Certain trade goods were obtainable by the flirtatious maiden who could roll her eyes in proper orbit and thus the synonym for kiss became "Yankee dime" ......

Escape was uppermost in the minds of those who had kept the faith.  Grandfather made an exploratory visit to Brazil investigating the offers of free land and religious liberty proffered by Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil.  He reported his findings to The Copiahan, a Copiah County newspaper, and was published March 14, 1867. "I have just returned from Brazil, and as I have been requested to publish the results of my investigations there, I send you the following for publication.  As I am a little enthusiastic on the subject of emigration, it may be well to make due allowance for anything I may say on the subject....

Grandfather went first to Rio de Janeiro to determine the particulars by which imigrating groups could claim lands and develop a free society under the law.  The terms being acceptable, he then went by boat to Iguape, Sao Paulo.... From there he went overland to the Piracicabo River where a large American colony eventually settled; but seeing no prospects of access to markets, he passed through the village of Sao Paulo on his way to Angra dos Reis.... But settlers' land was not available and prices placed its purchase out of reach for the people of Grandfather's group... He was to make the trip from Belem to Santarem many times in later years but right now he was short of cash and had a decision to make.

What should he recommend? Should it be Iguape with its insects and wilderness country? Sao Paulo of the good soil but no outlets to market? Angra dos Reis with its high priced lands?

Should it be Santarem? Let us look. The lands were high above the river almost flat, rich soil, heavily timbered, low mountains nearby to break the flatness and a gentle breeze to leaven the humidity when the temperature was high.

This was the place for enterprising people. The farms would produce the sustenance. The village would be the marketplace and the river would be the avenue for commerce with the world. Santarem it would be! ......

The farm was about three hours by wagon from the village of Santarem. It was bare of any improvement but phenomenal progress was made that first year. A letter to his brother dated August 23, 1869, describes the status:

"I have now 125 coffee trees, nearly 100 orange trees, 400 pineapples, 150 bananas, 100 casus, 50 jacas, 20 mangoes, 20 copoassue, mamma apples and other seed planted All -but 10 acres was woods one year ago."  Tranquility reigned. Portuguese lessons were taken earnestly, and the children took to the language with the ease that all things come to children. Grandfather and Grandmother, however, were not so talented. Conjugation of the verbs were problems but the Portuguese vowels-were impossibilities. The nasal sound implied by the til was just not compatible with their established speech habits.

Syllabication presented its problems also; to such an extent that Grandfather was never able to effectively carry the Evangelistic Message to the Brazilian people. Nevertheless he served as pastor to the North American and English settlers for the remainder of his life.

An English family (or were they Scots) arrived in Santarem in the summer of 1870 and settled on a farm near the Henington and Vaughan places. Mr. Grey, Mrs. Grey, Rebecca (aged about 12 years), Amy (aged about 6 years) and Esther Ruth (age 1 year) had moved from London, but Mrs. Grey was to die from the fever later in the year. Grandmother Henington took in Esther Ruth because the older girls were too young to care for her. When fever killed Mr. Grey in 1871, Rebecca and Amy went to live with the Vaughan family. The Henington children now numbered four: Thomas, Edwin, Eliza and Esther (my mother).

Mamma told us many stories of her childhood in the tropics, but we children listened with only half an ear. The story most often repeated was how the children would pester Grandfather Henington until he would teach the Bible lesson in Portuguese. Fifty years after coming to the States, Mamma could mimic him and giggle like a schoolgirl ......

The older generation mixed quite freely with the Brazilian people and appeared to be "at home" from the very beginning. Over the years the sum of the Brazilians mentioned as friends and associates far outnumbered the Americans....


Grandfather held religious service at his farm for a few years) but eventually organized a Protestant Church in Santarem. Meetings were held in Mr. Rhome's store, but as the settlers dispersed themselves along the Amazon regular attendance diminished to the vanishing point. Although he does not mention when the organized church collapsed, there is frequent mention of Christian services at his home......


Uncle Tom had gone to the States two years before to study dentistry and did not return until the following year, so Grandfather and Eddie started the "shop" .... Although wheelbarrows, carts and wagons seemed to be their principal production Grandfather records many other things that they manufactured. He invented a coffee huller and a "mandioca machine" that were quite popular items and one entry indicated that he had installed galvanizing equipment to treat wire screening .......

Grandfather had his curious days, too. Note these entries made in 1892: "Tues, April 5--Experimenting with perpetual motion." "Wed. Apr.6 - Perpetual motion won't work." Delightfull ......

Grandmother received very little mention in the diaries and there are no letters of her writing in the records. According to Mamma, however, she was ever present... His almost complete failure to mention her in his daily notes is not an indication that he loved her less than perfectly. His Policy for Young ladies written at the "ecadany" illustrates the serious and practical manner in which he resolved all matters. There just was no room in his compilation for sentimental-silly things.

Consider the time, for instance, when a young wild pig, startled in the garden, ran between Grandmother's feet and tripped her backward. It did not evoke a chuckle from Grandfather. As mamma related the incident, he threw his hoe at the pig, hit it and ran to pick it up, and then-returned to Grandmother and thanked her for slowing it down. I think his action could be called a hunter's instinct.....

There was never an expression of homesickness for the United States but Grandfather saw to it that Tom, then Eddie, then Eliza had an opportunity to go there and have a look for themselves. That all returned to Santarem to settle down must have been rewarding. Mamma was just entering her twenties when Grandfather became a naturalized Brazilian.

By the summer of 1893 Grandfather's state of health was such that he became concerned about Grandmother and the children. Mamma and Tom's two daughters were the children left, and their educations were important, so he began making plans to take the family to the states.

Tom and Maggie were dead from "lung congestion".  Eddie was established in business and Fannie was happy with her growing family. He had long ago baptized Fannie and the children, so there was no impelling reason why he, Grandmother and "the girls" should put off the trip.....

Grandmother, mamma, Alice and Lydia left Santarem for Belem on June 3, 1894.... Grandfather stayed behind to finish selling miscellaneous things and wrote in his diary that he had stomach pains and fever. He left Santarem about the 23rd of June and reached Belem about three days before he died. His death occurred on June 29, 1894 at Para (Belem) and he was buried there..... Grandmother was distraught of course, but thought it best to continue the trip to the States.... Grandmother, Mamma, Alice, Lydia and Eddie and family therefore made the trip to Crystal Springs together, arriving on Aug. 4, 1894. Grandmother was ill when they  arrived, suffering no doubt from grief and the cumulative effect of many tropical illnesses.... Eddie and family stayed in Mississippi until after Grandmother died, Feb. 26, 1895, after which he, Fannie, Edinhog, Carmen and the nurse returned to South America......

 (The remainder of the book describes the lives of those who returned to South America).



Maggie Hennington

Maggie was born in Copiah county, Mississippi in 1852 and died  as a young child  before 1860 in Mississippi.


Thomas Henry "Tom" Hennington

Tom was born in Crystal Springs , Copiah county, Mississippi in

1853.  When he was a young teenager he went with his family to

Brazil.  (See below newspaper article)  He died June 9, 1889 in

Santerm, Brazil probably from tuberculosis which was rampant 

at that time.  On July 17, 1883 he married Margarida Villa Lobo.  

She was born on July 6, 1864 in Obidas, Brazil and died win Milam, 

Tennessee while traveling to reach Crystal Springs, Mississippi.  She

died on  May 17, 1888 of the same disease that would take her husband

about a year later.

Thomas Henington.jpg

Clarion Ledger (Jackson Miss.)      Sep 22, 1974        page 101

             Graves on Two Continents Separate Young Couple

By Dorothy Alford

Deep in the heart of the woods in Copiah county there is a small but beautifully kept burial ground known as the Hennington Cemetery.  To reach the secluded spot one takes the road leading to Pilgrim’s Rest Baptist church, a road that branches off to the east from the older of the two Highways 51 leading to Jackson.

Only a short distance on this road, a narrow lane leads one to the cemetery, a places still and soundless that the song of the birds startles. No church, no house, and no fence mark the spot. But the graves are there in neat rows. some are indicated only by rough rocks, but some have more conventional markers, and some have tall and even elegant shafts at their heads. Among the earliest and finest of the pioneer settlers in Copiah county, the people there bear such names as Hennington, Flowers, Barnes, and Welch.

But one name stands out, and one tall marker in particular attracts notice. These call attention to the last resting place of a young woman far from home. The inscription in simple Margarida Villa Lobo, wife of Thomas H Hennington, born Obidas, Brazil, S. A. July 6, 1864; died May 17, 1888. “Call this not death; it is life begun; the conflict is past; the victory won!”

Margarida had longed to be in the United States, particularly in Copiah county, Mississippi. She had heard much about this beautiful part of the world; and she had even thought that, if she could just go there, she would be cured of the disease that would finally cost to cost her her life.

The story of Margarida is a short one, filled with joy and with pathos. Her young husband, Tom Hennington lived in Santerem, Brazil, with a small American colony. When the boy had reached college age, he was sent back to the States where he learned to be a dentist. After returning to Brazil, he began practice of his profession.

Santerem was situated on the mighty Amazon river in the state of Para. Tom found it necessary to go up and down the river by boat to visit his parents who lived in the town bordering the stream. Obidas, Faro, and Peritens were three of these towns which he visited regularly.

Once, at Obidas, he extract a tooth for Senor Villa Lobo, and he also met the charming and lovely young daughter of the household, Margarida. The two fell deeply in love; and on Tuesday, July 17, 1883, the native Mississippian and the beautiful Brazilian were married.

For a time they were very happy. According to the diary of Tom's father, the Reverend Richard Hennington of Santerem, they often visited in the older couples home, coming on the river by boat. One boat, the “Mississippi”, seems to have been the favorite of these boats though the “Santerem” and “The Vigio” were mentioned also.

Margarida, called “Maggie” by her parents-in- law, gave her own children American names. Alice, the older of the two daughters of Margarida and Tom, was born in 1884. Lydia Maria, called Lili, was born in 1886


Very early in the marriage, Margarida shows signs of what was called a “lung congestion.” By the spring of 1888, she was seriously ill. It was then that she began to long to go to Mississippi. If she could just be there, she believed, she would be well!  Finally it was decided; the young couple would take the four- year old Alice and make the journey, but they would leave the two-year-old daughter with her grandparents.

No account of the details of the journey are available, but her anticipation of seeing Mississippi was never realized, for death with swifter than the journey; and Margarida died in Milan, Tennessee. Her young husband brought her body on to Crystal Springs; and it was interred in the peaceful Hennington Cemetery. Tom and the little daughter return to Santerem, Brazil.

Soon the bereaved husband showed signs of the same disease that had taken his wife. By January, 1889, he was gravely ill. It is said that he, too, was trying to get back to Mississippi when he died. But he did not arrive even in the States as he died on June 9, 1889, before he was out of Brazil. His father had begun the custom of using the cave of the Serra Piroca a mountain range, for sepulchers; and it was there that Tom was buried, far from the family cemetery near Crystal Springs where his young wife sleeps.

The two little girls, wards of their grandparents, eventually came to live in Copiah county. Alice, now deceased, became the wife of Ernest Rymes of Crystal Springs; Lili, who never married, is living in Dallas.

Tom and Margarida would have two children.


1.   Alice Henington

Alice was born on December 11, 1884 in Santerem, Para, Brazil.  In 1894 she came to the United States and lived in Crystal Springs, Mississippi. Im 1904 she married Theodore Ernest Rhymes and would relocate to Texas.  Alice died of ulcerative colitis at the age of 78 in Dallas, Texas.  Her husband, T. E. Rhymes was born on August 29, 1878 in Crystal Springs, Copiah county, Mississippi.  The couple lived in Waxahatchee, Texas. He retired as a railroad conductor.  He died on September 10, 1952 in Dallas, Texas at the age of 74 after a bout with cancer. 

They would have two children:


                                        1.   Nedra Rosalie Rhymes

                                                Born September 28, 1905 and died July 2, 1984.  She married twice,                                                    the first to Horace Milton Maclinn and secondly to Garland Edgar                                                        Davis.

                                        2.  Thomas Olin Rhymes   

                                                Born July 3, 1908 and died January 31, 1972.  He was married to                                                          Marie Elizabeth Moore.            

Waxahachie Daily Light    June 24, 1963 page 4


                               Rhyme’s Rites Slated in Dallas

DALLAS - Mrs. Alice Henington Rhymes, 78, former resident of Waxahachie, died at her home, 2323 Gisbondell, in Dallas Sunday

Funeral services at the Irwindale Methodist Church, 324 South Westmoreland will be held at 3 PM Tuesday. Burial under the direction of the Sparkman Funeral home will be in Laurel Land Memorial Park.


Mrs. Rhymes was born in Santerem, Para, Brazil. She came to Waxahachie in 1914 and made her home here until going to Dallas 13 years ago. She was the widow of T. E.  Rhymes, a conductor for the Burlington Rock Island railroad in Waxahachie.

Survivors including a son, T. O. Rhymes of Waxahachie, a daughter, Mrs. Rosalie Davis of Dallas; three grandchildren and three great grandchildren.

2.     Lydia Mary Henington

Lydia Mary "LiLi" was born on July 6, 1886 in Santerem, Para, Brazil.  She came to the States in 1894.  She died on October 5, 1974 in Duncanville, Dallas county, Texas at the age of 88 from cardiac arrest.  She appears to have never married.


Edwin Lane "Eddie" Hennington

Eddie was bornBin 1857 in Crystal Springs, Copiah, Mississippi,

and died on August 27, 1901 in Santerem, Para, Brazil. bout 1887 he married a local girl, Estefania Bentes.  She was born in

Sarterem  about 1855 and died in Santerem.

We know that Eddie did travel back ti the States for education and subsequently returned, preferring his new homeland.  Not much is known of his life

He and Estefania would have three children.

Edwin John (Edinho) Henington


BIRTH 18 OCT 1887 • Santarém, Pará, Brazil

DEATH Unknown

Carmen (Bibi) Henington


BIRTH 17 DEC 1891 • Santarém, Pará, Brazil

DEATH 6 APR 1980 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Manoel José Portilho Bentes


BIRTH Amazonas, Brazil

DEATH 14 JAN 1948

Eula Henington


BIRTH 4 JAN 1896 • Santarém, Pará, Brazil

DEATH Unknown

Eddie Henington
Estefania Bentes


Eliza Susannah Henington


BIRTH 4 OCT 1860 • China Grove, , Mississippi, USA

DEATH 1927 • Santarém, Pará, Brazil

Eliza Hennington 2.jpg

Eliza is a bit of a mystery.  Several trees have her married to a FUNCHESS (Possibly M. A. Funches,) back in Copiah county. Supposedly on July 9 1890.  I can’t find any proof or who this guy is.  There was a M. A. Fuchess – same time period but he was married to a Fannie Skinner.  We do know that Eliza traveled back and forth between Brazil and the US – Education and visits.  No mention of a husband???


Esther Ruth Gray Henington


BIRTH 07-04-1869 • London, London, England

DEATH 07-14-1954 • Crystal Springs, Copiah Co., MS

James Madison Burt


BIRTH 1860 • Crystal Springs, Copiah, Mississippi

DEATH 1931 • Copiah County, Mississippi, USA

Esther Ruth Gray Henington.jpg

The Clarion ledger (Jackson Miss.) Sunday, Dec. 8, 1974 Sec. C,  page 8

                                       Grandfather's world

Her book about Mississippian who adopted Londoner in Brazil

By Dorothy Alford

The late Richard Altman of Indianapolis, Indiana, and his wife, the former Bertie Burt of Crystal Springs, effectively tells the story of the latters grandfather, the Rev. Richard Hennington in an informative and exciting book called “Grandfathers world.”


But it is difficult to tell which story revealed is the more interesting; the story of the independent young minister of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, who established a colony in Brazil or the story of the relationship of Mrs. Altman to this man whom she finally called “grandfather.”

Richard Henington was a man of strong convictions, and one of his greatest interests was in family ties. When he was only 16 years of age and attending Poplar Springs Academy, he was concerned with the seriousness of selecting a wife and wrote a policy for young ladies with this concern in mind. Dated April 16, 1846, this theme advocates to every young man that he choose for his wife a young lady who is willing to be found in the kitchen without making apologies for it. Nothing, he adds, becomes a lady more than industry.

And when his time came to select a wife, he was very careful. His own parents, the Rev. and Mrs. Henry Hennington of Crystal Springs, had migrated from Orangeburg district, South Carolina. Young Henington selected as a bride Mary Elizabeth black whose family had come from the same area.

When Hennington married in 1851, he was a prosperous merchant in Crystal Springs, but on October 12, 1855, he was licensed “to exhort”; and the following year he was licensed to preach.

By this time he had dropped one of the “n’s” from his name and immigrated to Brazil, Richard Hennington.s family consisted of his devoted wife and three children Thomas, Edwin, and Eliza.

All of the family were very industrious, but their social life was not neglected and they belong to a social club which boasted both American and Brazilian members.

Descended from English stock, the Henington family was much interested when, in the summer of 1870, a family straight from London arrived as their neighbors. The Grays settled near the Henington's and the Vaughan’s of Mississippi. The family consisted of the parents and three children; Rebecca about twelve, Amy, six and Esther Ruth, one.

It was a matter of deep concern would be young mother of these children became ill from “the fever” later in the same year of their coming. After her death, the children were taken into the homes of the neighbors, Richard Hennington’s family taking the baby, Esther. (The James Vaughan family took the two eldest children).When the following year, the father died, also, the arrangements became permanent. But 1874, little Esther was, according to her foster father's diary,an adjusted member of the family. She was nine years younger than the Henington’s own Eliza and she grew up as the little sister in the family.

By the year 1893, the Hennington children were grown and independent. One son, Tom had died in 1889 and had been preceded in death by his young wife. Their two children Lydia Marie and Alice, we're in the care of their grandfather. But Richard Haenington’s health wasfailing, and on June 29, 1894, he died at Belem.

Lydia Maria and Alice, eight and ten respectively, came to Crystal Springs and became members of the family of their grandfather’s sister, Levitia Flowers. They had been accompanied by Esther Gray, then a young lady of 24. Her position wasa strange one. She was loved by the family and had been tenderly reared by its members, but she had no blood ties with them and she was a grown woman. What was to become of her?

Richard Henington had taught all about him to be industrious. Esther benefited from her foster father's teachings and went to live with the Fletcher Enoch’s family in Bethesda to help with the housekeeping. An energetic, small person who could whistle beautifully, an art taught her by Richard Henington, Esther soon attracted a young man who was a hand at Enoch’s sawmill. Young Jim Burt was a widower with four small children, but when he proposed to the young English girl, she acccepted. They were married on January 3, 1905, and their first home was in Star.

Later the Burts moved to Harmony community, and then to Georgetown, and finally to Crystal Springs. One of the children of this union is Birtie May Burt Altman, collaborator with her late husband in writing the book “Grandfather's World.”

Mrs. Altman had never been to England or to Brazil. She and her late husband have pored over her grandfather’s diary and have been able in their book to preserve the history of a fascinating and strong character and an unusual bit of the lives of Britishers, Brazilians and Americans.

Esther Gray, born in London on July 4, 1869, reared in Brazil, and married in Mississippi in 1905, died in Crystal Springs on July 14, 1954.

The book about her and her foster parents was written when the Altman's lived in California; and, strangely enough, the printer of the volume was a native of Poplarville, Mississippi.

One little sequel to the story was added when Bertie Altman met one of her real first cousins in California. Carmen, wife of Paul De Paul, who was attached to the Brazilian embassy in Los Angeles and later had diplomatic positions in Washington was of the Vaughan family.   Was she Rebecca Gray’s descendent or Amy's?  Mrs. Altman is not sure.



Rev. Richard Thomas Henington was the son of:


Henry Hennington, Sr. (son of John Hennington, Sr. and Ann Howell)3272, 3273, 3274 was born September 13, 1795 in Orangeburg District, South Carolina3275, 3276, and died September 28, 1864 in Crystal Springs, Mississippi3277, 3278.He married (1) Susannah Nesom on August 22, 1819 in Jones County, Mississippi3279, 3280.He married (2) Mrs. C. M. Norman on January 01, 1855 in Crystal Springs, Mississippi3280.

 Notes for Henry Hennington, Sr.:


The family originally emigrated from England. They migrated from South Carolina to Mississippi and then on to Texas.

Henry moved from SC to Jones County, MS in 1818. In 1829 he moved to Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Mississippi. Many of his descendants still live in this area. Henry was the pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Crystal Springs in Copiah County, MS.

He was licensed to preach in 1836, and was ordained a deacon in 1942.

Henry had land patented to him in Crystal Springs, MS on 20 Jan 1835.

The Board of Ministry Mississippi Conference Millsaps College Jackson Mississippi in 1871 The Hennington Campgrounds were born. There was a meeting in August of the Committee for the campground appointed at the recent Brookhaven District Conference, John J. Hennington was elected chairman and the secretary was John Fletcher Enochs. It was agreed upon that the campground would be in Crystal Springs on a spot selected by the committee. The trustees were to be John H. Hennington, John Fletcher Enochs, J.W. West, J.W. McMillan, Wm. Graves, J. Harvey Thompson and H.J. Bracey. The first camp meeting was to be held during the full moon in August 1872 and the quarterly conferences in the area were to have choice lots.

1872 Sep 11-18 was the first camp meeting resulted in 42 additions. There were 8 tenters attended by 2500 people on Sunday. The place for this campground was selected by Isaac Hennington, uncle of John.

1887 More than 30 preachers in attendance at the conference meeting of this year. There were 40 conversions and the tabernacle, seating more than 4000, was more than filled on Sunday.

The early records are stored at Millsap College in the college library.

More About Henry Hennington, Sr. and Susannah Nesom:

Marriage: August 22, 1819, Jones County, Mississippi.3281, 3282

More About Henry Hennington, Sr. and Mrs. C. M. Norman:

Marriage: January 01, 1855, Crystal Springs, Mississippi.3282

 Marriage Notes for Henry Hennington, Sr. and Mrs. C. M. Norman:


By T. H. Dodds, Justice of the Peace

We know that Rev. Hy was the father of our subject Richard T. Heneington even though he is not listed on the Find A Grave info below.  Susannah C. Hennington married Rev. W.W. Funchess.  W.W. Funchess was the brother of your Samuel D. Funchess.




Rev Henry Hennington

Birth Date:

13 Sep 1795

Birth Place:

Orangeburg County, South Carolina, United States of America

Death Date:

28 Sep 1864

Death Place:

Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Mississippi, United States of America


Hennington-Flowers Cemetery

Burial or Cremation Place:

Gatesville, Copiah County, Mississippi, United States of America

Has Bio?:



Ann Hennington


Susanna Hennington


Benjamin David Henington
Elizabeth Mahala Clement
Mary Margaret Barnes
Levelice Ann Flowers
Laura Jane Hennington
Isaac John Hennington
Susannah Caroline Funchess
Dorcus Mariah Welch
Henry James Hennington
Green William Hennington
Joseph Edward Hennington

 Rev Wesley Washington Funchess

BIRTH           17 Jun 1821

DEATH          7 Oct 1890 (aged 69)


Hennington-Flowers Cemetery

Gatesville, Copiah County, Mississippi, USA

PLOT  01-003-002


Rev. Henry “Hy” Hennington was the son of John Thomas Hennington

John Thomas Hennington, Sr. (son of John H. Hennington) was born 1746 in Orangeburg District, South Carolina, and died 1818 in Crystal Springs, Mississippi. He married Ann Howell on 1766 in Orangeburg District, South Carolina.
Captain John Hennington's Company in the 3rd Regiment of South Carolina Continental Troops, commanded by Col. William Thompson. John was on the company payroll on 16 Aug 1779. He received a subsistence of $20 per month.
John and Anna had three sons. Anna moved to Covington Cty in Mississippi after John died in South Carolina. All three of the boys became Methodist ministers, and all of them supplemented their incomes by farming.
John acquired 4 grants of land between 1986- 1791. For each of the grants he paid sums ranging from 10 shillings to 23 pounds and 6 shillings.
1000 acres at Bull Head Branch in Charleston District.
1000 acres in the Distict of Charleston on the north side of Little Saltcatchers.
352 acres in the District of Orangeburg, water sof North Edisto.
231 acres in District Ninety Six on Keowa River.

Burial: 1818, Family Cemetery near Crystal Springs, Mississippi.3314, 3315
More About John Hennington, Sr. and Ann Howell:
Marriage: 1766, Orangeburg District, South Carolina.
Children of John Hennington, Sr. and Ann Howell are:

  1. John H. Hennington, Jr., b. 1790, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, d. 1849, Wilkinson County, Mississippi.

  2. Henry Hennington, Sr., b. September 13, 1795, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, d. September 28, 1864, Crystal Springs, Mississippi.

  3. +Thomas E. Hennington, Sr., b. 1783, Orangeburg District, South Carolina; d. June 15, 1871, Jasper County, Texas.


Great grandparents

John Thomas Hennington  was the son of John H. Hennington

John H. Hennington


BIRTH ABOUT 1730• (area later Charleston District,) South Carolina

DEATH 1799 • Orangeburg County, South Carolina, USA

He was married to Elizabeth Ann (possibly Harper). They had at least one son that has been confirmed, John. Capt. John served in the 3rd SC Regiment during the American Revolution, Continental Line, during 1779 and 1780. In addition he served sixty-five days as a Captain in the Militia during 1780. He served under Col. Wm Thomson and Gen William Moultrie. He was taken prisoner by the British twice, at the fall of Charleston and Savannah, and was imprisoned on British prison ships. He defended the fort on Sullivan's Island SC - now known as Fort Moultrie.

After the war, he held extensive large land holdings in Charleston and Orangeburg, and remained close friends with Gen. Moultrie. He also was a Justice of the Peace, and ran for the SC General Assembly, and though he was elected, he did not serve.

He died between Aug 1798-Oct. 1799 in Orangeburg, South Carolina.


Great Great Grandparents

John H Capt Hennington


DEATH1798  St Dunstan in The West, London, England

Eliza Hennington

       Estafania Bentes 

Mrs. Edwin Hennington

Carmen, Eduardo and         Eula Hennington

However, his two sons David and Herbert continued the family business in the city. The farm in the Diamantino was sold by David in 1910 (in the photo below, the farm headquarters when still in the power of the family).

David and his brother Herbert Riker eventually became the administrators of the family assets after the death of their parents. After being widowed, David married a 19-year-old Santarém girl named Raimunda or Dona Mundica, with whom she remained until her death (in the photo right, David Riker is already old). The couple had 14 children. 

David Riker (photo left) left a written account where he refers to the Wickham family, of English origin, who maintained a school in the city of Santarém. One of its members was Henry Wickham, known for taking the rubber tree seeds to the Kew Botanical Garden in London. They were then transplanted to Malaysia, where they were domesticated. This fact led to the collapse of rubber production in the Amazon in the early twentieth century.

David Riker was approached by American journalists interested in knowing the fate of the Confederates who came to Brazil. In 1941, James E. Edmonds of The Saturday Evening Post came to Santarem and met David Riker, living in a good house, which could easily be recognized by the American eagle trapped in the front holding the United States' America (photo below).

 Inside a large family, described as friendly and cheerful. David introduced his wife and proudly said that she had given him 14 children, 11 of whom were alive. He recalled the old confederates who remained and were buried in the region, as in the case of David's parents and his elder brother.

David Rilker referred to the venture of the Henry Ford (Fordlandia) indus-trialist, where he worked as an interpreter and also directed the meat supply sector. David criticized the inadequate practices adopted by the famous entrepreneur and intended to change the life of the Amazonian caboclo, as well as the way the rubber plantation business was being remot-ely directed remotely. 

Realizing that the reporter was going to ask the question "Was it worth it?", David Riker replied, "I am glad to have stayed here.God has been kind to me.My children are considerate.Wife is kind and loyal.Nothing is missing How many can say the same. " David Riker passed away in 1954, at the age of 93. His wife, Dona Mundica, died in 1975, also at age 93! Other Con-federate families remained, such as the Jennings-Vaughan family, who came in Major Hastings's group in 1867 and was originally from Ten-nessee. James Vaughan initially devoted himself to agriculture and later to shipbuilding. 

One of Jennings-Vaugham's children, Jorge Clemente Jennings, remained in Santarém and perpetuated the family's name in the local community, dedicating himself to the exploitation of the rubber as a rubber stamp worker (pictured below, sitting with Jorge Jennings and his wife). 

Elisio Sevier Wallace and his wife Mary came to Brazil in 1867 or 1868 and probably had their children here in Brazil. Wallace came to own some sites, helped open roads in the area and returned to the United States in 1912 to buy equipment and machines. All the daughters of the Wallace couple were married to Brazilians. 

Elisio Wallace lived in Santarém until his death in 1912, at the age of 73, and left descendants in Belém, Man-aus and Santarém   (in the photo below, on the right, Mr. Wallace  and  just  behind, his  grandson).   Jennings,
Hennington, Riker, Wallace, Vaughan ... anyone aware of the historical facts would notice the presence of these names in a city in the interior of Pará. This was the case with Norma Guilhon, the wife of the former governor of Pará, Fernando José de Leão Guilhon (with mandate from 1971 to 1975). While accompanying her husband on her trips through the interior of the state, she noticed in that detail when she visited Santarém, which led her to research and write a book entitled "The Confederates in Santarém", published by the State Council of Culture of that State in 1979. For what is known , remains the most complete study of this episode of Amazonian History.

Did Scarlett O'Hara, the well-known character in the novel "... And the Wind Took It," wondered about coming to the Amazon, as did many Confederate families? In the book written by Margaret Mitchell, South America appeared as a possibility for the Confederates to take refuge.Would Rhett Buttler join you? Well, there it would be to imagine ...

Image Credit: 
Photo by Matthew Fontaine Maury: 
Photo of the Confederate Soldiers Group: Sirs colonial period 1850-1900. Collection History in Magazine. April Books / Time Life, 1992, p. 141.  
Photo of Major Warren Lansford Hastings: Wikipedia 
Engraving of Santarém in 1858: Urgent Amazon: Five Centuries of History and Ecologies by Berta G. Ribeiro. Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Belo Horizonte, 1990, p. 51.  
Photo by Robert Henry Riker: 
Photo of David B. Riker Already Old: 
All other photos were taken from the aforementioned book by Norma Guilhon. 

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